UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
January 4, 2006
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
JOHN CRUZ, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: David G. Larimer United States District Judge
DECISION AND ORDER
The Court referred all pretrial motions in this criminal action to United States Magistrate Judge Jonathan W. Feldman pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b). Defendant, John Cruz ("Cruz"), filed a motion to dismiss the indictment on the grounds that the United States Marshal Services' practice of requiring photographic identification of all visitors to the courthouse violated Cruz's constitutional right to a public trial. Magistrate Judge Feldman issued a Report and Recommendation on October 21, 2005 recommending that Cruz's motion be denied. Cruz eventually filed objections to Magistrate Judge Feldman's Report and Recommendation on December 21, 2005.
This same issue was presented by the same attorney in another case in the Western District of New York, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently decided that matter and found no constitutional violation. See United States v. Smith, 426 F.3d 567 (2d Cir. 2005). Magistrate Judge Feldman relied on the Smith case and found it to be controlling. I agree with Magistrate Judge Feldman that the issue presented and resolved in the Smith case is precisely the issue now pending here. I see no material distinction whatsoever and, therefore, for the reasons set forth in Magistrate Judge Feldman's Report and Recommendation and based on authority of the Smith case. I adopt the Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge Feldman and deny defendant Cruz's motion to dismiss the indictment.
Defendant John Cruz's motion to dismiss the indictment (Dkt. #239) is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Rochester, New York
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