The opinion of the court was delivered by: Cedarbaum, J.
AT&T Corporation and C. Michael Armstrong move to dismiss the common law fraud claims asserted against them in plaintiff's Third Amended Complaint. Plaintiff bases these claims on four alleged misrepresentations. Defendants' motion to dismiss was granted, in part, at oral argument on March 22, 2006. Decision was reserved solely as to the question of whether the incorporation by reference of defendants' January 11, 2000 press release into the April 2000 Prospectus is actionable as common law fraud. For the reasons that follow, defendants' motion to dismiss is denied as to plaintiff's common law fraud claims that are based on the incorporation by reference of the January 11, 2000 press release into the April 2000 Prospectus.
Plaintiff's Third Amended Complaint alleges four fraudulent statements by defendants. However, as I held at oral argument, three of the four alleged statements are not affirmative misrepresentations and, in the absence of a duty to disclose, cannot support a claim for common law fraud. The only alleged misrepresentation on which plaintiff may base a claim for common law fraud is defendants' incorporation by reference into the Prospectus of a January 2000 press release that reaffirmed AT&T's 2000 Guidance.
The Complaint alleges that:
[T]he Prospectus was false and misleading because it incorporated by reference (Prospectus, p. 110) AT&T's filing on Form 8-K on January 14, 2000 that in turn incorporated a press release dated January 11, 2000 (Exhibit 5 hereto). The January 11, 2000 press release was headlined "AT&T Reaffirms 1999/2000 Financial Guidance, Reports Fast Start In Local Phone Service" and attributed to defendant Armstrong a reaffirmation that "earnings per share for 2000 are expected to range between $2.10 to $2.15" and "that total pro forma revenue growth will range between 8 to 9 percent, a 30 to 60 percent growth increase from the revenue growth rate expected for 1999...." The 2000 Guidance reaffirmed in the January 11, 2000 release was the guidance announced in a December 6, 1999 press release incorporated in a December 6, 1999 filing on Form 8-K (Exhibit 6 hereto). The foregoing reaffirmations of the 2000 Guidance, as incorporated into the Prospectus, were false and misleading because AT&T already knew as of at latest April 17, 2000 that it had missed its targets for 1Q 2000 and would have to lower its 2000 guidance.... Complaint ¶ 116(a).
Although the Prospectus is not attached to the Complaint, plaintiff has relied on the Prospectus in drafting the Complaint. The contents of the Prospectus may therefore be considered on a motion to dismiss. See Broder v. Cablevision Sys. Corp., 418 F.3d 187, 196 (2d Cir. 2005)("Where a plaintiff has 'reli[ed] on the terms and effect of a document in drafting the complaint,' and that document is thus 'integral to the complaint,' we may consider its contents even if it is not formally incorporated by reference.")(quoting Chambers v. Time Warner, Inc., 282 F.3d 147, 153 (2d Cir. 2002)).
Defendants argue that their reaffirmation of the 2000 Guidance in the January 11 press release was not fraudulent because the reaffirmation was a forward-looking statement at the time that it was issued in January, and was not rendered fraudulent by its later incorporation into the Prospectus. Defendants note that plaintiff has not alleged that defendants lacked a good faith belief or reasonable basis for the reaffirmation of the 2000 Guidance in January. Therefore, defendants contend, the statement in the press release was not false at the time it was made and was not rendered false by its later incorporation into the Prospectus simply because it failed to predict the future accurately. In essence, defendants argue that the press release, as incorporated into the Prospectus, speaks as of the date it was issued in January, not as of April 26, 2000, the date on which the Prospectus was issued. Defendants also note that they were required under SEC regulations to incorporate all year 2000 8-Ks into the Prospectus.
Defendants' argument, however, overlooks the clear statement in the Prospectus that "these forward looking statements . . . speak as of the date of this prospectus."
Prospectus at 109. As Judge Brown of the New Jersey District Court noted, in denying the parties' motions for summary judgment in a related class action also based on AT&T's wireless tracking stock IPO, it "seems clear that the language on the face of the Prospectus controls and that the forward-looking statements speak as of the date of the Prospectus." In Re AT&T Corp. Sec. Litig., 01 Civ. 1883(GEB), slip. op. at 20-21 (D.N.J. Sept. 3, 2004)(order denying parties' motions for summary judgment).
Defendants also argue that plaintiff has failed to state a claim for common law fraud because it fails to plead reliance on the reaffirmation of the 2000 Guidance contained in the January 11 press release. This argument has no merit. Plaintiff clearly states in the Complaint that "Univest through its principals read the foregoing statements, and, knowing of the duty of full disclosure imposed by the federal securities laws, justifiably relied on the continued validity of AT&T's 2000 Guidance and the absence of additional material negative information in the Prospectus." Complaint ¶ 117.
For the foregoing reasons, defendant's motion to dismiss is granted in part and denied to the extent that plaintiff's claims are based on the incorporation by reference of the January 11, 2000 press release ...