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United States v. Thaler

May 17, 2006


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Brieant, J.

Memorandum and Order

Pending before this Court for decision is a renewed motion for bail pending appeal pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3143(b). Familiarity on the part of the reader with the superseding indictment and the underlying trial is assumed.

On December 1, 2005, a jury convicted Mr. Thaler, a former attorney, of conspiring to commit fraud and making false statements and for multiple substantive counts of mail and/or wire fraud arising out of six separate real estate transactions and acquitted him of the remaining counts in the indictment. A motion made pursuant to Rule 29(c) was denied by this Court and on March 9, 2006, the Court sentenced the Defendant to a substantial term of imprisonment which was below the Advisory Guideline Computation in the case, and ordered restitution in the amount of $522,496.54 together with a fine of $250,000.00 and an assessment under the Crime Control Act of $1,000.00. The Court declined to award restitution with respect to one of the counts on the theory that the victim was herself a participant in the crime charged.

Surrender was initially ordered for May 8, 2006, later extended with the consent of the Government to June 8, 2006. The Court declined to stay execution of the judgment apart from staying payment of the fines pending the appeal.

In this renewed motion, Defendant points out that he has paid a substantial portion of the Court's Restitution Order and is neither a flight risk nor a danger to the community by reason of any propensity to commit violent crime. He contends as a basis for the motion that he "intends to raise on appeal a number of issues that, if found in his favor, will result in a reversal or a new trial, or a sentence that is less than the expected duration of appeals in the Second Circuit."

Familiarity with the relevant statute affecting bail pending appeal on the part of the reader is assumed. At issue is whether the appeal raises a substantial question of law or fact, likely to result in reversal, an order for a new trial, a sentence that does not include a term of imprisonment or a reduced sentence to a term of imprisonment less than the total of the time already served plus the expected duration of the appeal process, 18 U.S.C. § 3143(b)(B).

Our Court of Appeals, recognizing that if the trial court thought that the appeal raised such issues, it would probably have granted the Rule 29 motion, refined the statutory criteria in United States v. Randell, 761 F.2d 122 (2d Cir. 1985), holding that a substantial question does not mean that the trial court has to second-guess itself or predict the outcome of the appeal.

We are now informed for the first time that the appeal will be based essentially on a review of the sufficiency of the evidence on several counts as well as denial of a fair trial and the claim that the sentence is "unduly harsh and unreasonable in light of the degree of 'real world' harm that resulted from the conduct."

A Defendant attacking a conviction on grounds of insufficiency bears a heavy burden. Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the Government, it is sufficient to support intention or contemplation on the part of Mr. Thaler of some harm to the victims. In any situation where a borrower or someone acting for the borrower lies about or withholds material information in connection with a credit application or mortgage transaction, he or she at the very least deprives the lender of the intangible right to control the use of its own assets, and also harms the lender by diminishing the ultimate value of the mortgage transaction to the bank as defined by its standard lending practices including the likelihood of resale of such loans. This is true whether or not a subsequent default ensues. See United States v. Dinome, 86 F.3d 277, 280 (2d Cir. 1996).

The evidence in this case shows that the Defendant and his co-conspirators intentionally provided false information to the lending institutions with respect to the bank fraud counts, about the assets and the income of the borrowers as well as the selling prices of the properties, and the amount of the down payment. On several occasions, Defendant furnished funds placed in deposit to the credit of the borrower's bank account until the credit report had been prepared, which funds he immediately recaptured.

Materiality was clearly proved by competent evidence at the trial and the fact that most of the borrowers either refinanced or sold their property at a profit and paid off the lenders does not serve to prevent conviction.

With respect to the Richardson lot mentioned in Count 7, the evidence showed that Mr. Thaler who acted as Richardson's attorney, directed Richardson to sign the deed to B-30 Corporation, a company wholly owned by the Defendant and his partner and co-conspirator Bill Falow. Two days later, the Defendant sold the vacant lot to a corporation owned by Hector Robinson for $35,000.00 pursuant to a pre-existing arrangement which they had with Robinson. Clearly, this was a fraud on Richardson, executed by failing to explain to Richardson that the lot was going to a company which was controlled by Thaler and Falow, who had a pre-existing agreement to sell it to Robinson for $35,000.00. Richardson was denied the honest professional services of a person whom he believed to be his attorney, and to the value of the vacant lot. It is of no significance that Richardson was more than happy to dispose of the entire parcel (a residence with a vacant lot to the rear) for the actual total price for which the residence was sold to Trail. That the deal was a better deal than a prior deal which Richardson had, which had fallen through, and the fact that Richardson was "desperate" to dispose of his property is of no significance. The jury was entitled to find that actual harm existed as a natural and probable result of the fraudulent scheme and therefore fraud could be inferred. United States v. D'Amato, 39 F.3d 1249, 1257 (2d Cir. 1994).

Similarly, with respect to Count 8, the evidence viewed most favorably to the Government as it must be, shows that Mr. Thaler or Mr. Falow paid a shill to impersonate Herbert Best at a closing of title to the property, and they pocketed the profits which this Defendant shared with Falow.

There is simply no merit to the claim that the numerous mailings and use of wires in connection with the loan transactions were not in furtherance of the schemes to defraud. The trial jury was properly charged and the ...

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