UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
August 15, 2006
TELEQUIP CORPORATION, PLAINTIFF,
THE CHANGE EXCHANGE; KORUS TECHNOLOGIES; SEOUL INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL, INC.; OPTIMAL ROBOTICS CORPORATION; AND OPTIMAL ROBOTICS, INC., DEFENDANTS. SEOUL INFORMATION NO APPEARANCE INDUSTRIAL, INC. DEFENDANT
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Scullin, Senior Judge
Currently before the Court is Plaintiff's motion for a permanent injunction against Defendant Seoul Information Industrial, Inc. ("Seoul") pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 283. On November 14, 2003, the Court ordered Plaintiff to file a motion for default judgment regarding the issue of Defendant's liability for infringing Plaintiff's U.S. Patent No. 5, 830,055 (the "'55 patent") and to serve the motion on Defendant in Korea. Although Plaintiff complied with this Order, Defendant Seoul did not file a response to the motion. On August 3, 2004, the Court issued a Memorandum-Decision and Order, in which it granted Plaintiff's motion for a default judgment against Defendant Seoul with respect to the issue of liability. In that same Order, the Court remanded the case to Magistrate Judge DiBianco to set a discovery schedule with respect to the issue of damages. The Court's amended schedule set January 1, 2006, as the close of discovery. On April 7, 2006, the Court ordered Plaintiff to submit a status report by April 21, 2006, which it did. See id. 28. Together with that status report, Plaintiff filed the instant motion.
Since Defendant Seoul has defaulted in this action, the Court accepts as true all of the well-pled factual allegations in Plaintiff's amended complaint. See Bic Corp. v. First Prominence Co., No. 00 CIV. 7155, 2001 WL 1597983, *1 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 10, 2001) (citations omitted). Thus, Defendant Seoul has admitted that Plaintiff is the owner of a valid patent, the '055 patent, see Affidavit of Paul J. Cronin, sworn to April 21, 2006, at Exhibit "A" at ¶ 12; that it has infringed and continues to infringe one or more claims of that patent by making, using, selling and/or offering for sale its coin/token changer products nationally and internationally, see id. at ¶ 13; that its acts of infringement are willful, see id. at ¶¶ 6, 13; and that its acts of infringement have caused, and will continue to cause, Plaintiff reparable and irreparable harm unless the Court enjoins Defendant Seoul, see id. at ¶ 14.
Section 283 of Title 35 of the United States Code provides that "[t]he several courts having jurisdiction of cases under this title may grant injunctions in accordance with the principles of equity to prevent the violation of any right secured by patent, on such terms as the court deems reasonable." 35 U.S.C. § 283. Under "well-established principles of equity, a plaintiff seeking a permanent injunction must satisfy a four-factor test before a court may grant such relief." eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C., 126 S.Ct. 1837, 1839 (May 15, 2006). To meet this burden, [a] plaintiff must demonstrate: (1) that it has suffered an irreparable injury; (2) that remedies available at law, such as monetary damages, are inadequate to compensate for that injury; (3) that, considering the balance of hardships between the plaintiff and defendant, a remedy in equity is warranted; and (4) that the public interest would not be disserved by a permanent injunction.
Id. (citations omitted).
As the Court made clear in eBay, "[t]hese familiar principles apply with equal force to disputes arising under the Patent Act." Id.*fn1
Moreover, courts have held that monetary damages are not an adequate remedy against future infringement because "'the principal value of a patent is its statutory right to exclude.'" Honeywell Int'l, Inc. v. Universal Avionics Sys. Corp., 397 F. Supp. 2d 537, 546 (D. Del. 2005) (quotation omitted).*fn2 In addition, the fact that an infringing defendant has apparently, at least temporarily, ceased its infringement is not a basis for the court to deny a permanent injunction against future infringement unless the evidence is very persuasive that the infringing defendant will not resume its infringement. See W.L. Gore & Assocs. v. Garlock, Inc., 842 F.2d 1275, 1281-82 (Fed. Cir. 1988). Finally, public interest would not be disserved by the entry of a permanent injunction because "'without the right to obtain an injunction, the right to exclude granted to the patentee would have only a fraction of the value it was intended to have, and would no longer be as great an incentive to engage in the toils of scientific and technological research.'" Honeywell Int'l, 397 F. Supp. 2d at 547 (quotation omitted).
Applying these well-established principles to the well-pled allegations in Plaintiff's amended complaint, the Court finds that Plaintiff has satisfied the four-factor test necessary to warrant entry of a permanent injunction in this case. Accordingly, the Court hereby ORDERS that, for the life of the '055 patent, Defendant Seoul is enjoined from making, using, selling, importing into the United States or offering to sell its coin/token changer products that infringe U.S. Patent No. 5, 830,055. Pursuant to this injunction, Defendant Seoul and each of its officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys and those persons in active concert or participation with one or more of the foregoing who receive actual notice of this Order by personal service or otherwise are prohibited from: (1) individually making, using, selling, importing into the United States or offering to sell any infringing coin/token changer, or any coin/token changer that is not colorably different; (2) jointly making, using, selling, importing into the United States or offering to sell any infringing coin/token changer, or any coin/token changer that is not colorably different; and (3) acting in concert with any third party, other than a licensee of Plaintiff, to make, use, sell, import into the United States or offer to sell any infringing coin/token changer, or any coin/token changer that is not colorably different; and the Court further
ORDERS that Plaintiff shall serve a copy of this Order on Defendant Seoul Information Industrial, Inc. at its last known address.
IT IS SO ORDERED.