UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
August 21, 2006
JAMES ZIDO, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS HUSBAND AND WIFE; JOLENE ZIDO, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS HUSBAND AND WIFE, PLAINTIFFS,
WERNER ENTERPRISES, INC.; MARTHA R. GOODWIN, DEFENDANTS.
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER*fn1
This action arises out of a motor vehicle-pedestrian accident that took place in the Town of Rotterdam, Schenectady County, on March 13, 2004. Plaintiff James Zido ("Plaintiff") was allegedly standing by the guard shack at the entrance road to Rotterdam Industrial Park on the morning of March 13th, when he was struck by a vehicle (freight trailer) owned by Defendant Werner Enterprises, Inc. ("Defendant" or "Werner"), and driven by Martha R. Goodwin ("Defendant" or "Goodwin"). See State Court Summons & Complaint (Dkt. No. 13, Attach. 2) at ¶¶ 4-5. According to the Complaint itself, Zido and his wife ("Plaintiffs") are residents of New York, while Defendant Goodwin is a resident of the State of Georgia, and Defendant Werner is a foreign corporation with its principal place of business in Omaha, Nebraska - although duly authorized to do business in New York.*fn2 See id. at ¶¶ 1-3. The freight trailer had a Nebraska license plate. See id. at ¶ 6.
Plaintiffs seek damages for, inter alia, medical expenses, disability, and personal injury and pain and suffering - for "serious injury" as defined by New York State Insurance Law - as well as loss of consortium, stating that Plaintiffs' damages exceed the jurisdictional amounts of all courts inferior to the New York State Supreme Court. See id. at ¶¶ 7-9, 12-15.
While the matter was originally brought in New York State Supreme Court, Schenectady County, Defendants successfully removed the matter to this Court as of right in September 2005. See Dkt. Nos. 1-3. Plaintiffs have now filed a Motion seeking to have the matter remanded to New York State Supreme Court, Schenectady County. See Dkt. No. 9. Defendants oppose remand of this case back to State court, arguing that this Court has diversity jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332, and that the case was properly removed to Federal court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1441.
Federal courts must have a basis for exercising jurisdiction before they may hear and render judgment in any matter. Federal jurisdiction is limited, and specified by statute. For instance, Federal courts exercise jurisdiction in cases that present a federal question (28 U.S.C. § 1331), or in cases of diversity jurisdiction (28 U.S.C. § 1332). "[W]hether a plaintiff has pleaded a colorable claim 'arising' under the Constitution or laws of the United States,... or a claim between parties of diverse state citizenship that exceeds the required jurisdictional amount, currently $75,000,... are undoubtedly issues of subject matter jurisdiction." Da Silva v. Kinsho Int'l Corp., 229 F.3d 358, 363 (2d Cir. 2000) (citing Bell v. Hood, 327 U.S. 678, 681-85 (1946); 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)). See also Dakari v. Dawson, No. 5:05-CV-1494(NAM), 2006 WL 88659, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Jan. 11, 2006) (Mordue, D.J.) ("The subject matter jurisdiction of the federal district courts is limited and is set forth generally in 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1332. Under these statutes, federal jurisdiction is available only when a federal question is presented or when the parties are of diverse citizenship and the amount in question exceeds $75,000.").
The Court reads and considers the dollar amount of Plaintiffs' claims as contained in the Complaint when considering removal/remand, and will not allow plaintiff to change the amount at later dates for the purpose of frustrating a defendant's attempt to exercise removal. See Angus v. Shiley, Inc., 989 F.2d 142, 145 (3d Cir. 1993) (citing, inter alia, St. Paul Mercury Indem. Co. v. Red Cab Co., 303 U.S. 283, 293-94 (1938); Horton v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 367 U.S. 348, 353 (1961)); Fernandez v. Hale Trailer Brake & Wheel, 332 F. Supp. 2d 621, 625 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) (citing Red Cab Co., 303 U.S. at 294; 14B CHARLES ALLEN WRIGHT, ARTHURR. MILLER& EDWARDH.
COOPER, FEDERALPRACTICE& PROCEDURE § 3702 n. 48 (3d ed. 1998 & 2004 Supp.)). Although Plaintiffs do not specify a precise dollar amount sought in the instant matter, upon a fair reading of the Complaint it appears that Plaintiffs' claims for damages exceed seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000).*fn3 See State Court Summons & Complaint (Dkt. No. 13, Attach. 2) at ¶¶ 7-9, 12-15. See also Affirm. of White (Dkt. No. 13, Attach. 1) at ¶ 5; Deft's Mem. of Law in Opp. (Dkt. No. 14) at 3-5.
Plaintiffs argue that this matter does not raise issues of Federal law or Federal question, and therefore this Court should abstain and/or remand the case to State court. See Plntf's Mem. of Law (Dkt. No. 9, Attach. 4) at 1-3. However, Plaintiffs are incorrect. This Court may still hear the matter under diversity jurisdiction - the parties are from different States, and the amount in question appears, from a fair reading of the Complaint, to exceed $75,000. See Fernandez, 332 F. Supp. 2d 621; 28 U.S.C. § 1332.
Based on the foregoing discussion, it is hereby ORDERED, that Plaintiffs' Motion for remand to New York State Supreme Court, Schenectady County (Dkt. No. 9) is DENIED; and it is further ORDERED, that the parties shall contact the chambers of the Honorable Randolph F. Treece, United States Magistrate Judge, for the purpose of rescheduling the Rule 16 Conference originally set for January 18, 2006 (see Dkt. No. 11); and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk serve a copy of this Order on all parties, along with a courtesy copy to Judge Treece.
IT IS SO ORDERED.