UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
September 25, 2006
PATRICIA COLEMAN HERBERT, PLAINTIFF,
SYRACUSE, NEW YORK WELFARE OFFICE; SHERIFF SHERMAN DYESS; ANITA ROSS; LT. HENRY; SGT. SABRINA THOMAS; WEST PALM BEACH COUNTY JAIL; BELLE GLADE COUNTY JAIL; FLORIDA PRISON TRANSPORT VANS; POLICE HIGHTOWER; AND BETTY DAWKINS, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Scullin, Senior Judge
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER
The Clerk of the Court has sent Plaintiff's civil rights complaint to the Court for its review.*fn1 Plaintiff originally filed this action in the Middle District of Pennsylvania on June 26, 2006. That court transferred the matter to this Court. Prior to the transfer, that court granted Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis and ordered that her inmate authorization form be filed with her custodian.
A. Rules Governing Pleading Requirements
Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a pleading which sets forth a claim for relief shall contain, among other things, "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). The purpose of this Rule "is to give fair notice of the claim being asserted so as to permit the adverse party the opportunity to file a responsive answer [and] prepare an adequate defense." Hudson v. Artuz, No. 95 CIV 4768, 1998 WL 832708, *1 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 30, 1998) (quoting Powell v. Marine Midland Bank, 162 F.R.D. 15, 16 (N.D.N.Y. 1995) (quoting Brown v. Califano, 75 F.R.D. 497, 498 (D.D.C. 1977))) (other citation omitted).
Moreover, Rule 10 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in pertinent part, (b) Paragraphs; Separate Statements. All averments of claim or defense shall be made in numbered paragraphs, the contents of each of which shall be limited as far as practicable to a statement of a single set of circumstances; and a paragraph may be referred to by number in all succeeding pleadings. Each claim founded upon a separate transaction or occurrence and each defense other than denials shall be stated in a separate count or defense whenever a separation facilitates the clear presentation of the matters set forth.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(b).
The purpose of Rule 10 "is to 'provide an easy mode of identification for referring to a particular paragraph in a prior pleading . . . .'" Sandler v. Capanna, Civ. A. No. 92-4838, 1992 WL 392597, *3 (E.D. Pa. Dec. 17, 1992) (quoting 5 Charles A. Wright & Arthur R. Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure: Civil § 1323 at 735 (1990)).
A complaint that fails to comply with these Rules presents too heavy a burden for the defendants in shaping a comprehensive defense, provides no meaningful basis for the court to assess the sufficiency of the plaintiff's claims, and is properly subject to dismissal. See Gonzales v. Wing, 167 F.R.D. 352, 355 (N.D.N.Y. 1996). As the Second Circuit has stated, "[w]hen a complaint does not comply with the requirement that it be short and plain, the court has the power, on its own initiative . . . to dismiss the complaint." Salahuddin v. Cuomo, 861 F.2d 40, 42 (2d Cir. 1988). "Dismissal, however, is 'usually reserved for those cases in which the complaint is so confused, ambiguous, vague, or otherwise unintelligible that its true substance, if any, is well disguised.'" Hudson, 1998 WL 832708, at *2 (quotation omitted). Therefore, in those cases in which the court dismisses a pro se complaint for failure to comply with these Rules, it should afford the plaintiff leave to amend the complaint to state a claim that is on its face non-frivolous. See Simmons v. Abruzzo, 49 F.3d 83, 86-87 (2d Cir. 1995).
B. Allegations in the Complaint
In reviewing Plaintiff's complaint, the Court has followed the Second Circuit's instructions that courts should construe the pleadings of pro se litigants liberally and should excuse technical pleading irregularities, provided that those irregularities "neither undermine the purpose of notice pleading nor prejudice the adverse party." Phillips v. Girdich, 408 F.3d 124, 127-28 (2d Cir. 2005) (citations omitted). Having completed its review, the Court concludes that Plaintiff's complaint fails to comply with Rules 8 and 10 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure because it does not set forth enough factual information for the Court to determine the nature of her claims.
It appears that Plaintiff is attempting to set forth claims against various individuals associated with the welfare office*fn2 in Syracuse, New York, who were involved in the placement of Plaintiff's child in foster care. However, Plaintiff has failed to set forth the identities of the individuals involved in the alleged wrongdoing and the role that each of those individuals played in the handling of the case involving her daughter. Moreover, Plaintiff has failed to include the actions that each of these individuals took, as well as the date and place where the events occurred.*fn3
Since Plaintiff's complaint clearly does not comply with the requirements of Rules 8 and 10 of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for the above-stated reasons, the Court advises Plaintiff that, unless she files an amended complaint within thirty (30) days from the date of the filing of this Order, the Court will dismiss this action. Any such amended complaint, which shall supersede and replace in its entirety the previous complaint that Plaintiff filed, must contain a caption that clearly identifies, by name, each individual and/or entity that Plaintiff is suing in this lawsuit and must bear the case number assigned to this action.
In addition, the body of Plaintiff's amended complaint must contain sequentially numbered paragraphs containing only one act of misconduct per paragraph. Thus, if Plaintiff claims that more than one Defendant violated her civil and/or constitutional rights or that Defendants violated her civil and/or constitutional rights on more than one occasion, she shall include a corresponding number of paragraphs in her amended complaint for each such allegation, with each paragraph specifying (1) the alleged act of misconduct; (2) the date on which such misconduct occurred; (3) the names of each and every Defendant who participated in such misconduct; (4) where appropriate, the location where the alleged misconduct occurred; and (5) the nexus between such misconduct and Plaintiff's civil and/or constitutional rights. Moreover, Plaintiff shall state in the single amended complaint filed in accordance with the terms of this Order all claims against each and every Defendant that she names in such amended complaint that she wishes the Court to consider as a basis for awarding her the relief she seeks herein. The Court will dismiss any Defendant against whom Plaintiff does not allege specific instances of wrongdoing in the body of her amended complaint.
Accordingly, having reviewed Plaintiff's complaint and the applicable law and for the reasons stated herein, the Court hereby
ORDERS that Plaintiff may file with the Court, within thirty (30) days from the date of the filing of this Order, an amended complaint, which complies fully with Rules 8 and 10 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the terms of this Order; and the Court further
ORDERS that, if Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days from the date of the filing of this Order, the Clerk of the Court shall enter judgment dismissing this action without further Order of this Court due to Plaintiff's failure to comply with the terms of this Order and the requirements of the above-mentioned Federal Rules; and the Court further
ORDERS that, if Plaintiff fails to allege specific acts of misconduct on the part of any individuals and/or entities that she decides to name as Defendants in any amended complaint that she files in this action, the Court will dismiss this action with respect to those individuals and/or entities against whom Plaintiff fails to allege specific acts of misconduct; and the Court further
ORDERS that, upon the filing of Plaintiff's amended complaint, the Clerk of the Court shall return the file in this matter to the Court for further review; and the Court further
ORDERS that the Clerk of the Court shall serve a copy of this Order on Plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED.