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Medina v. Ekpe

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK


January 4, 2007

BRYAN A. MEDINA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
EKPE D. EKPE, SUPERINTENDENT OF RIVERVIEW CORR. FAC.; T. HUNTER, NURSE ADMINISTRATOR OF RIVERVIEW CORR. FAC.; MS. PENN, NURSE OF RIVERVIEW CORR. FAC; AND MR. MONTPELIT, NURSE OF RIVERVIEW CORRECTIONAL FACILITY, DEFENDANTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Scullin, Senior Judge

ORDER

Currently before the Court is Plaintiff Bryan A. Medina's amended complaint, see Dkt. No. 5, which he submitted in compliance with this Court's November 30, 2006 Memorandum-Decision and Order, see Dkt. No. 4.

In its previous Memorandum-Decision and Order, the Court advised Plaintiff that his original complaint did not allege "any set of facts which would support a claim of deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs." See id. at 9.

In his amended complaint, Plaintiff continues to allege that Defendants misdiagnosed his condition and delayed proper medical care for his broken ankle. Specifically, Plaintiff claims that Defendant Ms. Penn misdiagnosed his injury as a sprain, that Defendant Mr. Motpelit forced him to walk, and that the remaining Defendants, as supervisors, did nothing to remedy the error. See Dkt. No. 5 at 6-7, 10.

After reviewing Plaintiff's amended complaint in its entirety, the Court concludes that nowhere in that pleading are there any allegations that would support a finding that Defendant Ms. Penn was deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff's serious medical needs. At best, Plaintiff's claim is that Defendant Ms. Penn was negligent in misdiagnosing his ankle injury. Accordingly, the Court dismisses the claims against Defendant Ms. Penn.

The only claim that Plaintiff asserts against Defendant Mr. Montpelit is that he showed a "lack of concern" for Plaintiff's "medical condition" by requesting that he walk to the infirmary for the insulin run. See id. at 7. However, after Plaintiff was unable to walk to the infirmary, Plaintiff was taken there by wheelchair and given crutches. See id. at 8. This set of facts does not support a claim that Defendant Mr. Montpelit was deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff's serious medical needs. Therefore, the Court dismisses the claims against Defendant Mr. Montpelit.

Plaintiff's claims against the remaining Defendants all concern their liability as supervisors. See id. at 10. Plaintiff claims that the doctrine of "respondent [sic] superior" applies to this lawsuit. See id. Plaintiff merely lists Defendants' positions at the facility and alleges that they are charged with the duty to oversee subordinates and, therefore, should have been informed of his situation and should have taken steps to rectify it. See id.

"It is well settled in this Circuit that 'personal involvement of defendants in alleged constitutional deprivations is a prerequisite to an award of damages under § 1983.'" Wright v. Smith, 21 F.3d 496, 501 (2d Cir. 1994) (quoting Moffitt v. Town of Brookfield, 950 F.2d 880, 885 (2d Cir. 1991)) (other citations omitted). "'[S]upervisory liability in a § 1983 action depends on a showing of some personal responsibility, and cannot rest on respondeat superior.'" Richardson v. Goord, 347 F.3d 431, 435 (2d Cir. 2003) (per curiam) (quotation omitted). "To establish the liability of a supervisory official under § 1983, a plaintiff must show the defendant's personal involvement in the alleged constitutional violations. . . . By the same token, however, mere 'linkage in the prison chain of command' is insufficient to implicate a . . . [supervisor] in a § 1983 claim. . . ." Id. (internal citations omitted). Even construing Plaintiff's amended complaint liberally, there is no basis to infer that Plaintiff intends to allege that Defendants were personally involved based upon any of the theories that would establish supervisor liability.*fn1 Accordingly, due to the absence of any allegations of personal involvement on the part of Defendants Ekpe, T. Hunter, and Ms. Fiacco, the Court dismisses the claims against these Defendants.

For the above-stated reasons as well as the reasons set forth in the Court's previous Memorandum-Decision and Order, the Court finds that Plaintiff's amended complaint fails to state a claim upon which the Court can grant relief. Accordingly, the Court hereby

ORDERS that this action is DISMISSED; and the Court further ORDERS that the Clerk of the Court shall serve a copy of this Order on Plaintiff by regular mail.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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