The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Harold Baer, Jr., District Judge
Plaintiff Shirley Montgomery ("Plaintiff") has brought this putative class action against defendant Tap Enterprises, Inc. ("Tap" or "Defendant"). Plaintiff alleges that Defendant failed to pay Plaintiffs overtime premium pay as required by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), 29 U.S.C. § 201 et. seq..
Defendant now moves pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) to transfer venue to the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri (Southern Division), or alternatively, to the United States District Court for the District of Kansas.
For the reasons set forth below, the motion to transfer is granted.*fn1
A. Underlying Facts of Complaint
Named plaintiff Shirley Montgomery and putative named plaintiff Lisa Grant*fn2 are employed by Defendant Tap Enterprises. Plaintiffs' jobs are to travel the country in sales crews putting on "tool truck sales shows" for Defendant. See 1/8/2007 Pl.'s Mem. in Opp'n to Mot. to Transfer Venue ("Pl.'s Opp'n") at 1. Plaintiffs allege that they usually work fifteen (15) hour days, six (6) days a week, for which they are paid $80 to $85 per day. Id. According to Plaintiffs, those workers operating the tool truck sales shows are continuously on the road, except for five (5) days in December. Id. Plaintiffs thus allege that Defendant Tap failed to pay Plaintiffs overtime premium pay as required by the FLSA. Plaintiff's Complaint ("Pl. Compl.") at ¶ 1.
B. Facts Relating to Venue
Defendant Tap Enterprises is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Nebraska. Its principal place of business is located in Spring Hill, Kansas. See 12/6/2006 Aff. of John Hamamy, General Manager of Tap Enterprises, Inc. ("Hamamy Aff.") at ¶ 4. Defendant is also registered and in good standing as a foreign corporation authorized to do business in Missouri. Hamamy Aff. at ¶ 12. Defendant states that its corporate and managing officers, and corporate records, are located in Spring Hill, Kansas. See Def.'s Second Mem. in Supp. of Mot. to Transfer Venue ("Def. Mot."),Dec. 6, 2006, at 4. Defendant is not a resident of New York. See Def's Reply Mem. in Supp. of Mot. to Transfer Venue ("Def. Reply Mem.") at 1. Of any state, the highest percentage of Defendant's total sales -- 9.2% -- routinely occurs in Missouri. Def. Mot. at 2; Pl.'s Opp'n Mot. at 11.
Defendant states that of its 1,256 employees, 394 are residents of Missouri, comprising the largest percentage of any state (over 31%). Hamamy Aff. at ¶ 25. Further, according to Defendant, 184 employees are residents of Kansas, comprising the second-largest percentage of any state (15%).*fn3 Id. It is undisputed that only ten (10) potential class members live in New York state. Pl.'s Opp'n at 8. None of Defendant's current or former employees reside in the Southern District of New York. Id.
Neither of the named Plaintiffs resides in New York state. Plaintiff Shirley Montgomery resides in Springfield, Missouri.*fn4 Def. Mot. at 5. According to Defendant, during the more than two years that Montgomery was employed by Defendant, she worked three hundred twenty-two (322) days -- but only fourteen days (14) in New York, and two (2) days in the Southern District of New York. Id. Plaintiff Lisa Grant's last known address, according to Defendant, is in Paris, Texas. Id. at 5. According to Defendant, from August 1, 2003 through December 13, 2003, Grant worked eighty-two (82) days -- but only twelve days (12) in New York, and ten (10) days in the Southern District. Id. at 6.
None of the parties' identified witnesses reside in New York. Def. Mot. at 12-15. Plaintiffs do not dispute this.
C. Defendant's Motion to Transfer Venue
On December 6, 2006, Defendant Tap filed this Motion to Transfer Venue to the Western District of Missouri (Southern Division), or alternatively, to the District of Kansas. Defendant argues that Plaintiffs' lawsuit has a minimal connection to the Southern District of New York, and that the relevant facts, records, and witnesses are located near Kansas City. Def. Reply Mem. at 1-2. Defendant further argues that transferring venue to either Missouri or Kansas would be more convenient for those potential plaintiffs who might opt in to the class action.
Plaintiffs, conversely, argue that venue in the Southern District of New York is proper based on the alleged violations of FLSA overtime provisions that have occurred in this District. Pl.'s Opp'n at 10. Plaintiffs also claim that if the case were litigated in Missouri or Kansas, court appearances and depositions could require constant travel by plaintiffs' chosen counsel, which would increase ...