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Miller v. IBM World Trade Corp.

May 7, 2007


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Denise Cote, District Judge


Plaintiff Ralph I. Miller ("Miller") has timely moved for reconsideration of the Opinion granting defendant IBM World Trade Corporation's ("IBM-WTC") motion to dismiss on the ground that Miller's claims are barred by the statute of limitations. See Miller v. IBM World Trade Corp., No. 06 Civ. 4452 (DLC), 2007 WL 700902 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 8, 2007) ("Opinion"). For the following reasons, the motion is denied.


As described in greater detail in the Opinion, Miller brought claims for breach of contract, fraud, and related claims against various IBM entities, following dissolution of Miller's corporation, Inc. This action followed on the heels of a related action in the Northern District of California (the "California Action"), where the claims against the three defendants named in this action were dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction. Over three months after this action was filed, the remaining defendant in the California Action was granted summary judgment.

The Opinion granted defendant IBM-WTC's motion to dismiss.*fn1

California law applies to this diversity case, and the limitations period had run for all of Miller's claims. Miller conceded that the limitations period had run, but argued for equitable tolling under California law. The Opinion found that Miller had failed to show the good faith and reasonable conduct required to toll the statute of limitations. He had been on notice for over three years before filing this action that a federal court had found no personal jurisdiction over IBM-WTC in California. He then delayed over a year after the Ninth Circuit affirmed that decision to file this action. See Opinion, 2007 WL 700902, at *4-5. Miller moves for reconsideration of the portion of the Opinion rejecting his equitable tolling argument.


A motion for reconsideration should be granted only where the moving party demonstrates that the Court has overlooked factual matters or controlling precedent that were presented to it on the underlying motion and that would have changed its decision. See S.D.N.Y. Local Civil Rule 6.3; In re BDC 56 LLC, 330 F.3d 111, 123 (2d Cir. 2003); Chang v. United States, 250 F.3d 79, 86 n.2 (2d Cir. 2001); Shrader v. CSX Transp. Inc., 70 F.3d 255, 257 (2d Cir. 1995). Reconsideration "should not be granted where the moving party seeks solely to relitigate an issue already decided." Shrader, 70 F.3d at 257.

Rule 6.3 "is to be narrowly construed and strictly applied in order to discourage litigants from making repetitive arguments on issues that have been thoroughly construed by the court." Zoll v. Jordache Enter. Inc., No. 01 Civ. 1339 (CSH), 2003 WL 1964054, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 24, 2003) (citation omitted). The moving party may not "advance new facts, issues or arguments not previously presented to the Court." Geneva Pharm. Tech. Corp. v. Barr Labs, Inc., No. 98 Civ. 3607 (RWS), 2002 WL 1933881, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 21, 2002) (citation omitted). The decision to grant or deny the motion is within the sound discretion of the district court. See Devlin v. Transp. Commc'n Int'l Union, 175 F.3d 121, 132 (2d Cir. 1999).

The plaintiff's motion for reconsideration is denied. Plaintiff has not pointed to any evidence or argument that he made that this Court overlooked in issuing the Opinion. Miller agrees that the Opinion articulated the correct legal standard. Instead, Miller repeats arguments on issues that have already been considered by the Court or seeks to supplement the record with new facts and arguments.

Miller continues to emphasize that he was proceeding pro se for much of the California Action,*fn2 but as the Opinion already found, being a pro se litigant or the time necessary to retain counsel do not justify the delay in filing this action.*fn3 Miller delayed for a year after the Ninth Circuit decision affirming the dismissal for lack of personal jurisdiction, and the initial district court decision dismissing for lack of personal jurisdiction was issued even earlier on December 2, 2002.

Miller also points out that the defendants did not claim and the Court did not find that Miller acted in "bad faith." Miller's argument, however, that because his conduct was not in bad faith of the kind found in Daviton v. Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corp., 241 F.3d 1131 (9th Cir. 2001), or Mojica v. 4311 Wilshire, LLC, 31 Cal. Rptr. 3d 887 (Ct. App. 2005), it must be good faith and reasonable conduct, is a new argument not previously raised. In fact, Miller did not even raise either case in his motion papers before the Opinion. In any event, the Opinion distinguished the circumstances allowing equitable tolling in Daviton, where the complaint was filed six months after resolution of the administrative process, 241 F.3d at 1134, and in Mojica, 31 Cal. Rptr. 3d at 888, where the complaint was filed two months after dismissal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and seventeen days after dismissal for lack of personal jurisdiction.

Miller claims the delay here was excusable because he was busy with the California Action, ...

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