Defendant The Dow Chemical Company ("Dow") moves to transfer pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). Defendant Andrew N. Liveris ("Liveris") moves to dismiss pursuant to Fed R. Civ. P. 12(b)(3), to transfer pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a), or in the alternative, to join Defendant Dow's motion to transfer under 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a).
For the reasons that follow, Dow's and Liveris' motions to transfer under §1404(a) are granted. Liveris' motion to dismiss under Fed R. Civ. P. 12(b)(3) or transfer under § 1406(a) is denied. The action is transferred to the Eastern District of Michigan.
Plaintiff, J. Pedro Reinhard ("Reinhard"), was an employee of Dow for thirty-seven years. Reinhard became Chief Financial Officer ("CFO") and a member of the Board of Directors ("the Board") in 1995. Although he retired as CFO and Executive Vice President in 2005, he remained an employee director on the Board until his termination in April, 2007. (Compl., dated May 8, 2007, ¶ 14.) Reinhard is a citizen of Brazil, a lawful permanent resident of the United States, and is domiciled in Florida. (Id. ¶ 9.)
Defendant, The Dow Chemical Company, is a Delaware corporation that has its principal place of business in Michigan and engages in continuous activities in New York. (Id. ¶ 10.) Defendant, Liveris, is the Chairman, CEO, and President of Dow; he is a citizen of Australia, a lawful permanent resident of the United States, and is domiciled in Michigan. (Id. ¶ 11.)
2. Rumors about a Dow Acquisition and Reinhard's Termination
According to Defendants, rumors about a Dow acquisition began with a report in the Financial Times on January 18, 2007, which stated that a group of private equity firms were "working on a break-up bid for Dow." (Dow Countercl., dated May 29, 2007, ¶ 10.) On February 25, 2007, the Sunday Express, a United Kingdom newspaper, reported that a group of "global investors and American private equity giants were close to making a bid for Dow." (Compl. ¶ 22.) Reports relating to such a bid were also published in the Evening Standard on March 12, 2007. (Dow Countercl. ¶ 15.) On April 8, 2007, the Sunday Express reported that a group of Middle East investors and a group of private equity firms were potentially "days away" from a bid. (Id. ¶ 20.)
Dow's response to these early reports rumors was to make "inquiries with the investment banking and financial community, to determine whether: (i) there was a basis for these rumors; and (ii) the source of these rumors." (Id. ¶ 11.)*fn1 Additionally, Dow had board meetings to discuss the reports, which were attended by Reinhard, at its headquarters in Midland, Michigan on February 14 and March 16, 2007. (Id. at ¶¶ 12, 17.) After the second meeting, the company issued a press release stating that Dow had not had any discussions about a possible leveraged buyout. (See id. ¶ 23.)
On April 9, 2007, James Dimon ("Dimon") the Chief Executive Officer of J.P. Morgan Chase ("Morgan"),*fn2 is alleged to have told Liveris at a dinner meeting in Michigan that a London affiliate was working on an acquisition of Dow on behalf of Middle East investors. (Id. ¶ 24.) Dow contends that on April 10, 2007, Dimon called Liveris and stated that Reinhard and Romeo Kreinberg ("Kreinberg"), another Dow executive, were engaged in discussions about a Dow acquisition. (Id. ¶ 25.)*fn3 On the same day, Dow's outside counsel, James Saverese, spoke with Dimon and Liveris on a conference call to confirm the statements Dimon had made to Liveris. (See 8/2 Tr. at 14.)
On April 11, 2007, the first day of a previously scheduled board meeting,*fn4 Liveris addressed the allegations about Reinhard's and Kreinberg's alleged third party discussions regarding a bid for Dow. The Board discussed the extent of the Dow employees' involvement, the credibility of the witness, and what steps to take. (Dow Countercl. ¶ 27.) The Board unanimously decided that the information was credible and that Reinhard and Kreinberg should be terminated. (Id. ¶¶ 27-28.) At 7:00 AM, on April 12, 2007, prior to the Board meeting scheduled for that day, Liveris met with Reinhard in his office in Midland, Michigan. (Compl. ¶ 25.) Also present at this meeting were Charles Kalil (General Counsel to Dow), Paul Stern, Arnold Allemang (a Board member), and Martin Lipton of Wachtell, Lipton. (See Dow Countercl. ¶ 28.) At the meeting, Liveris told Reinhard that he had "received information" about Reinhard's participation in discussions about an acquisition of Dow. Liveris informed Reinhard that, based on this information, the company had concluded that Reinhard had engaged in grave misconduct and breaches of his fiduciary duty. (Compl. ¶ 25.) Reinhard alleges, and Dow denies, that Liveris offered Reinhard his financial benefits if he resigned immediately. (Id. ¶ 25; Dow Ans. ¶ 25.) Reinhard denied breaching his fiduciary duties and refused to resign; Dow terminated Reinhard that day. (Compl. ¶ 26.)
3. Reinhard's Termination Becomes Public
That same day, Dow issued a press release, in Michigan, which stated that Reinhard and Kreinberg had been terminated because they "engaged in business activity that was highly inappropriate and a clear violation of Dow's Code of Business Conduct."*fn5
(Id. ¶ 29.) Dow also published on its website "An Open Letter to Our Valued Customers" and mailed a "Supplement to Notice of the Annual Meeting and Proxy Statement,"*fn6 addressing both the alleged actions of Reinhard and his termination. (Id. ¶¶ 32, 36.) Reinhard released a statement on April 16, 2007 denying any involvement in a Dow acquisition. (Id. ¶ 35.)
Reports of Reinhard's and Kreinberg's termination were published in various news sources, including: Saginaw News, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and The Financial Times. (Id. ¶¶ 31, 33.) An article in The Wall Street Journal quoted Dow spokesperson, Christopher Huntley, stating that Reinhard's alleged third party discussions were conducted during "multiple meetings in multiple months in multiple locations [and] with a number of different parties." (Id. ¶ 33.)
4. Events Preceding the Instant Action
Dow and Reinhard engaged in ineffective settlement talks for three weeks after Reinhard's termination. (Declaration of Gary P. Naftalis, dated July 5, 2007 ("Naftalis Decl.") ¶¶ 2-3.) After receiving a settlement proposal from Dow on May 7, 2007, Dow and Reinhard agreed to a conference call on May 8, 2007 at 11 a.m. to further discuss the proposal. (Id. ...