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Laurey v. Graham
December 10, 2007
TERRENCE B. LAUREY, PETITIONER,
H.D. GRAHAM, RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: VICTOR E. Bianchini United States Magistrate Judge
Petitioner Terrence B. Laurey ("Laurey") has applied to the Court for appointment of counsel, see Docket No. 20, because he is "unable to understand the federal law(s) and fully present a 'forceful' legal argument" in response to respondent's pleadings. He also states that he does not "trust the legal assistance available" at the prison and does not have the funds to pay for it. See Docket No. 20.
The Supreme Court has held that prisoners have no constitutional right to counsel when bringing collateral attacks upon their convictions. Pennsylvania v. Finley, 481 U.S. 551, 555 (1987); Murray v. Giarratano, 492 U.S. 1 (1989). Pursuant to Rule 8(c) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts, counsel may be appointed at any stage of the proceeding by the court "if the interests of justice so require." Habeas petitioners who qualify under the Criminal Justice Act are entitled to counsel if an evidentiary hearing is required, Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts, Rule 8(c), as are indigent petitioners who seek to vacate or set aside a sentence of death. 21 U.S.C. § 848(q)(1)(4)(B); McFarland v. Scott, 512 U.S. 849 (1994).
Appointment of counsel for indigent litigants in civil cases, such as habeas petitioners, is within the judge's discretion. See Hodge v. Police Officers, 802 F.2d 58 (2d Cir. 1986); see also In re Martin-Trigona, 737 F.2d 1254, 1260 (2d Cir. 1984). The Court has reviewed Laurey's application for counsel in light of the factors required by law as set forth by the Second Circuit in Hodge. Specifically, there is no showing at this time that an evidentiary hearing is required, nor is petitioner seeking to vacate or set aside a sentence of death.
In addition, Laurey has not provided the Court with any information which indicates that the interests of justice require the appointment of counsel at this time. Laurey claims that he needs counsel because he is a layperson and that the legal issues are too complex. However, Laurey's habeas claims appear to be ones which can be addressed and reviewed solely by means of the state court records. Therefore, it does not appear at this time that he requires the assistance of counsel to present the claims raised in his habeas petition.
Based on the Court's review, Laurey's motion for appointment of counsel (Docket No. 20) is DENIED without prejudice. It is his responsibility to retain an attorney or press forward with this proceeding pro se. See 28 U.S.C. § 1654.
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