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Pilgrim v. Artus

December 11, 2007

PRINCE PILGRIM, PLAINTIFF,
v.
DALE ARTUS, SUPERINTENDENT, CLINTON CORRECTIONAL FACILITY DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary L. Sharpe, U.S. District Judge

DECISION and ORDER

The Clerk has sent to the Court a civil rights complaint, together with an application to proceed in forma pauperis, filed by Prince Pilgrim, who is currently incarcerated at Clinton Correctional Facility. Dkt. Nos. 1 and 5. Pilgrim has also filed a motion for injunctive relief. Dkt. No. 3.

I. Complaint

In his pro se complaint, Pilgrim alleges that defendant Artus improperly affirmed Pilgrim's appeals from his Tier II disciplinary hearings, and in doing so, failed to correct the discrimination and retaliation leveled against Pilgrim on account of his religious beliefs. Dkt. No. 1. Plaintiff also alleges that he filed several grievances with defendant informing him that his staff was retaliating against Pilgrim for filing grievances. Id. For a more complete statement of Pilgrim's claims, reference is made to the entire complaint.

II. In Forma Pauperis Application

As to Pilgrim's in forma pauperis application (Dkt. No. 5), the Court finds that Pilgrim may properly proceed with this matter in forma pauperis.

III. Injunctive Relief

In support of his motion for injunctive relief, Pilgrim alleges that he has "been receiving disciplinary punishment for practicing [his] religious faith of Nation of Islam with dreadlocks." Dkt. No. 3 at 3. Pilgrim further alleges that "disciplinary punishment is used to disguise retaliation" against Pilgrim for his filing of grievances. Pilgrim asks the Court to order defendant Artus to stop the retaliation against Pilgrim and to "carry out his duty." Id. at 4. Pilgrim also asks the Court to issue an order (1) requiring defendant Artus to ensure that Pilgrim is being allowed to practice his religion; (2) barring further retaliation against Pilgrim; (3) allowing Pilgrim daily access to the law library "during the AM and PM call-outs during for the next thirty days;" (4) preventing retaliatory interference with Pilgrim's mail; and (5) directing that Pilgrim not be transferred in retaliation for filing this motion. Id. at 1-2.

The standard a court must utilize in considering whether to grant a request for injunctive relief is well-settled in this Circuit. As the Second Circuit noted in Covino v. Patrissi, 967 F.2d 73 (2d Cir. 1992), the movant must show: (a) irreparable harm and (b) either (1) a likelihood of success on the merits of the claim or (2) sufficiently serious questions going to the merits and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly toward the party seeking injunctive relief. Id. at 77 (affirming district court's denial of inmate's request for preliminary injunction); see also Roucchio v. LeFevre, 850 F. Supp. 143, 144 (N.D.N.Y. 1994) (McAvoy, C.J.) (adopting Report-Recommendation of Magistrate Judge that denied inmate's request for injunctive relief).

(a) Irreparable Harm

As to this first factor, where an alleged deprivation of constitutional rights is involved, courts generally do not require a further showing of irreparable harm by the party seeking injunctive relief. Mitchell v. Cuomo, 748 F.2d 804, 806 (2d Cir. 1984). The Second Circuit has suggested that "[t]he loss of First Amendment freedoms, for even minimal periods of time, unquestionably constitutes irreparable injury." Paulsen v. County of Nassau, 925 F.2d 65, 68 (2d Cir. 1991) (quoting Elrod v. Burns, 427 U.S. 347, 373 (1976)). In this case, Pilgrim alleges that he is being denied the right to freely practice his religion and being retaliated against for exercising his right to file grievances. Accordingly, the Court will assume, for purposes of this motion only, that Pilgrim may suffer irreparable harm if the requested relief is not granted.

(b) Likelihood of success on the merits or sufficiently serious questions going to the merits and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly toward the plaintiff.

Despite the fact that one has established irreparable harm, a party is not entitled to injunctive relief unless there isalso proof of a likelihood of succeeding on the merits of a claim, or evidence that establishes sufficiently serious questions going to the merits of such a claim and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly toward the party seeking such relief. See Covino, 967 F.2d at 77. In the present case, Pilgrim has submitted only his own affidavit containing his request for injunctive relief and the reasons why he believes his request should be granted. Pilgrim has failed to submit proof or evidence which meets this standard.

Moreover, to the extent that Pilgrim asks for an order to prevent him from being transferred out of his current facility, the law is clear that an inmate does not have a right to be confined to the prison of his own choosing. See Olim v. Wakinekona, 461 U.S. 238, 245 (1983). Thus, there is no ...


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