IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
January 23, 2008
MARION INSINGA, PLAINTIFF,
DAIMLERCHRYSLER CORPORATION, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: David E. Peebles U.S. Magistrate Judge
DECISION AND ORDER
Currently pending before the court in connection with this action is a motion by defendant DaimlerChrysler Corporation ("DaimlerChrysler") for an order compelling compliance with a subpoena issued to GEICO Insurance ("GEICO"), a non-party, seeking the production of certain specified documents. Dkt. No. 21. Plaintiff takes no position regarding the motion, and GEICO, which according to defendant's moving papers was served with the motion, has submitted no opposition.*fn1 Because I find that on their face, defendant's moving papers fail to establish its entitlement to the relief sought, I am denying its motion, without prejudice.
Plaintiff Marion Insinga commenced this action on October 26, 2006, asserting diversity of citizenship as a basis for the court's subject matter jurisdiction, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Dkt. No. 1. Plaintiff's claims stem from an accident occurring in June of 2006 and involving a 1999 Jeep Grand Cherokee allegedly manufactured by DaimlerChrysler. Id. Plaintiff's complaint asserts state law claims sounding in strict liability and negligence, alleging that the accident was the result of an inherently defective condition and that the defendant failed to use reasonable care in the design, manufacture and marketing of the subject vehicle. Id.
On July 2, 2007, defendant's counsel issued a subpoena from the Northern District of New York to GEICO requiring the production of various documents related to an insurance claim filed by Marion and/or James Insinga concerning the accident at issue in this case. See Colby Decl. (Dkt. No. 21) Exh. A. Under the terms of that subpoena, production of the documents sought was to occur in Buffalo, New York, at the offices of defendant's counsel. See id. According to an affidavit of service accompanying defendant's motion, the subpoena was served upon a person identified as a managing agent of a GEICO office located in Woodbury, Nassau County, New York on July 10, 2007. Id.
In response to the subpoena GEICO produced certain documents, consisting principally of medical documentation, but failed to include among the materials produced a no-fault insurance file alleged by the defendant to exist within GEICO's possession, custody or control. Colby Decl. (Dkt. No. 21) ¶ 4. Defendant's counsel therefore followed the document production with a series of letters, dated September 11, 2007, October 25, 2007 and December 3, 2007, to GEICO pointing out this deficiency in production and specifically requesting the production of additional documents allegedly maintained by GEICO concerning the matter. Colby Decl. (Dkt. No. 21) ¶ 4 and Exh. B. According to defendant's counsel, GEICO has neither produced the requested documents, nor has it responded to those letters.*fn2
Rule 45 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure authorizes the issuance of a subpoena commanding a party or non-party, inter alia, to produce documents.*fn3 Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(a); see Murphy v. Bd. of Educ. of Rochester City Sch. Dist., 196 F.R.D. 220, 22-23 (W.D.N.Y. 2000). That rule requires that the subpoena be issued out of the court where production is to occur. Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(a)(2)(C); see McNerney v. Archer Daniels Midland Co., 164 F.R.D. 584, 588 (W.D.N.Y. 1995). Since the required production in this instance was designated to occur in Buffalo, the subpoena should have been issued out of the Western District of New York , rather than this court, thus providing at least a technical basis for denying defendant's motion.*fn4
In addition to this relatively modest procedural defect, there is yet another, more compelling reason for denying defendant's motion in this instance. Rule 45(c)(3)(A)(ii) provides that a court may quash or modify a subpoena which "requires a person who is not a party or an officer of a party to travel to a place more than 100 miles from the place where that person resides, is employed or regularly transacts business in person . . . ." See Romano v. Banc of America Ins. Servs., __ F. Supp. 2d __, 2007 WL 4443845, at *5 (E.D.N.Y. Dec. 17, 2007). Rule 45(e), which authorizes a court to exercise contempt power in the case of an unexcused failure to comply with a lawfully issued subpoena, provides that "adequate cause for failure to obey [a Rule 45 subpoena] exists when a subpoena purports to require a non-party to attend or produce at a place not within the limits provided by clause (ii) of subparagraph (c)(3)(A)." Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(e); see S.E.C. v. Kimmes, No. M18-304, 1996 WL 734892, at *8 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 24, 1996).
When evaluated under this framework, the subpoena issued by the defendant in this case is plainly unenforceable, since it purports to require GEICO, the subpoenaed non-party, to produce the requested documents in Buffalo, New York -- a location which is more than one hundred miles from the office at which it was served. And, since in its motion the defendant has failed to offer proof that GEICO regularly transacts business in person at a closer location which would fall within the one hundred mile radius prescribed under Rule 45, it has therefore failed to establish entitlement to an order enforcing the subpoena.
III. SUMMARY AND ORDER
For various reasons which are procedural only, and do not bear upon the merits of the document production request contained within it, I am denying defendant's motion to compel non-party GEICO's compliance with the Rule 45 subpoena issued in this case by DaimlerChrysler. That denial, however, is without prejudice. In making this ruling the court does not by any means suggest that unilateral noncompliance with a Rule 45 subpoena, particularly without explanation, is to be condoned. The court also notes that once a proper subpoena is reissued -- and permission is hereby granted for defendant's issuance of such a subpoena, notwithstanding the expiration of the fact discovery deadline in this case -- any refusal by GEICO to comply with the mandates of that subpoena by producing available, non-privileged documents relevant to the claims and defenses in this case existing within its possession, custody or control without justification, and without following the procedures outlined in Rule 45 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for registering objections, will undoubtedly be dealt with by this or any other court of competent jurisdiction harshly, and could subject GEICO, as well as any attorney counseling noncompliance for improper reasons, to potentially severe sanctions.*fn5
Based upon the foregoing, it is hereby
ORDERED, that defendant's motion to compel compliance by non-party GEICO Insurance (Dkt. No. 21) with a subpoena issued in July of 2007 be and hereby is DENIED, without prejudice; and it is further
ORDERED, that the clerk of the court is instructed to forward copies of this decision and order to counsel for the parties to this action, electronically, and additionally to GEICO Insurance, addressed to the attention of Kathy Cross at 750 Woodbury Road, Woodbury, New York, 11797, by regular mail.