UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
January 28, 2008
JOHN COOKE, PLAINTIFF,
STERN, SUPT. PROGRAMS, BARE HILL CORRECTIONAL FACILITY; S. FLANAGAN; AND MULLERVILLE, R.N., DEFENDANTS.
JOHN COOKE, PLAINTIFF,
MS. S. FLANAGAN AND MS. K. MULLERVILLE, R.N., CONSOLIDATED DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary L. Sharpe, United States District Judge
DECISION and ORDER
The Clerk has sent to the Court for review two civil rights complaints, together with applications to proceed in forma pauperis, from plaintiff John Cooke, who is currently incarcerated at Franklin Correctional Facility.*fn1 See Cooke v. Stern, No. 9:07-CV-1292, Dkt. No. 1 ("Cooke I") and Cooke v. Flanagan, No. 9:08-CV-0074, Dkt. No. 1 ("Cooke II"). For a more complete statement of Cooke's claims, refer to the complaints.
The facts alleged in both complaints appear to involve common questions of law and/or fact. In each, Cooke alleges that while incarcerated at Barehill Correctional Facility, defendants were deliberately indifferent to his medical needs; assigned him to programming without taking into consideration his disability; and failed to protect him from a known danger.*fn2
Therefore, the Court consolidates these actions. FED. R. CIV. P. 42(a). Cooke I shall be the lead case and all further filings shall be made inCooke I. The pleading docketed as the complaint in Cooke I shall be the complaint in this consolidated action.
II. In Forma Pauperis Applications
Turning to Cooke's in forma pauperis applications, after reviewing the applications and Cooke's completed inmate authorization forms, the Court finds that the Cooke may properly proceed with this matter in forma pauperis.
III. Must File Amended Complaint
The Court has also considered the sufficiency of the complaint (Cooke I, Dkt. No. 1) in light of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) and 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.
Section 1915(e) directs that, when a plaintiff seeks to proceed in forma pauperis, "(2) . . . the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that -- . . . (B) the action . . . (I) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Thus, even if a plaintiff meets the financial criteria to commence an action in forma pauperis, it is the court's responsibility to determine whether the complaint that the plaintiff has filed may properly be maintained in this District before the court may permit the plaintiff to proceed with his action in forma pauperis. See id.
Moreover, under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, a court must review any complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress from officers or employees of a governmental agency and must "identify cognizable claims or dismiss the complaint, or any portion of the complaint, if the complaint . . . is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or . . . seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b); see also Carr v. Dvorin, 171 F.3d 115, 116 (2d Cir. 1999) (per curiam) (citation omitted).
Plaintiff brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983. Section 1983 establishes a cause of action for "the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws" of the United States. German v. Fed. Home Loan Mortg. Corp., 885 F.Supp. 537, 573 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) (citing Wilder v. Virginia Hosp. Ass'n, 496 U.S. 498, 508 (1990) (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 1983)) (footnote omitted); see also Myers v. Wollowitz, No. 95-CV-0272, 1995 WL 236245, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 10, 1995) (McAvoy, C.J.) (§ 1983 "is the vehicle by which individuals may seek redress for alleged violations of their constitutional rights.") (citation omitted). Parties may not be held liable under § 1983 unless it can be established that they have acted under the color of state law. See, e.g., Rounseville v. Zahl, 13 F.3d 625, 628 (2d Cir. 1994) (noting state action requirement under § 1983); Wise v. Battistoni, No. 92-CV-4288, 1992 WL 380914 (S.D.N.Y., Dec. 10, 1992) (same) (citations omitted). State action is an essential element of any § 1983 claim. See Gentile v. Republic Tobacco Co., No. 95-CV-1500, 1995 WL 743719, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Dec. 6, 1995) (Pooler, J.) (citing Velaire v. City of Schenectady, 862 F.Supp. 774, 776 (N.D.N.Y. 1994)) (McAvoy, C.J.) (citation omitted)).
"It is well settled in this Circuit that 'personal involvement of defendants in alleged constitutional deprivations is a prerequisite to an award of damages under § 1983.'" Wright v. Smith, 21 F.3d 496, 501 (2d Cir. 1994) (quoting Moffitt v. Town of Brookfield, 950 F.2d 880, 885 (2d Cir. 1991)) (other citations omitted).
Plaintiff identifies three defendants -- Mr. Stern, Program Superintendent; Ms. S. Flanagan, Senior Counselor; and R.N. Mullerville. Cooke I, Dkt. No. 1 at 1-2. Cooke's present complaint fails to allege specific acts by specific defendants, and thus fails to show personal involvement for all of the defendants. In fact, the body of the complaint contains no allegations whatsoever as to defendants Stern and Flanagan.*fn3 Cook I, Dkt. No. 1 at 4-6. Cooke's complaint does not contain any allegations to support a finding that either of these defendants were personally involved in the alleged violation of plaintiff's constitutional rights.
Cooke's complaint, as drafted, is not sufficient to state a claim for the violation of plaintiff's constitutional or statutory rights by the named defendants. Accordingly, Cooke's complaint is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e) and 1915A(b). In light of Cooke's pro se status, the Court will allow Cooke an opportunity to file an amended complaint. Cooke's amended complaint must allege specific facts demonstrating that a case or controversy exists between Cooke and the named defendants which Cooke has a legal right to pursue and over which this Court has jurisdiction.
Any such amended complaint, which shall replace in its entirety the previous complaint filed by Cooke, must contain a caption that clearly identifies, by name, each individual that Cooke is suing in the present lawsuit and must bear the case number assigned to this action. The body of Cooke's complaint must contain a short and plain statement of facts in support of Cooke's claims, set forth in sequentially numbered paragraphs. Each paragraph shall set forth one act of misconduct or wrongdoing about which Cooke complains, and shall include (i) the alleged act of misconduct; (ii) the date on which such misconduct occurred; (iii) the names of each and every individual who participated in such misconduct; (iv) where appropriate, the location where the alleged misconduct occurred and (v) the nexus between such misconduct and Cooke's civil and/or constitutional rights. Cooke is advised that his failure to file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days of the filing date of this Decision and Order may result in the dismissal of this action, with prejudice. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b).
WHEREFORE, it is hereby
ORDERED, that the Clerk of the Court consolidate civil actions 9:07-CV-1292 and9:08-CV-0074. The Clerk shall reassign 9:08-CV-0074 to the Hon. Gary L. Sharpe as presiding District Judge and shall refer 9:08-CV-0074 to the Hon. Gustave J. Di Bianco as Magistrate Judge. Civil action number 9:07-CV-1292 shall be referred to and treated as the "lead" case, and all subsequent Orders of this Court and papers that are submitted by the parties hereto that pertain to any of the foregoing actions shall be filed in civil action number 9:07-CV-1292, and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk place a copy of this Order in the file of civil action number 9:08-CV-0074, and it is further
ORDERED, that Cooke shall file a new consolidated amended complaint within thirty (30) days from the filing date of this Order. Any such amended complaint shall fully comply with the pleading requirements of Rules 8 and 10 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the terms of this Order, and it is further
ORDERED, that upon the filing of an amended complaint, the Clerk return the file to this Court, and it is further
ORDERED, that should Cooke fail to comply with the terms of this Order, the Clerk return the file to this Court for further consideration, including whether this consolidated action should be dismissed, with prejudice, pursuant to Rule 41(b), and it is further
ORDERED, that Cooke's in forma pauperis application is granted,*fn4 and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk provide the Superintendent of the facility, designated by Cooke as his current location, with a copy of Cooke's authorization form in the lead case, and notify such official that this consolidated action has been filed and that Cooke is required to pay the entire statutory filing fee of $350.00 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk provide a copy of Cooke's authorization form in the lead case to the Financial Deputy of the Clerk's Office, and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk serve a copy of this Order on Cooke in accordance with the Local Rules.
IT IS SO ORDERED.