The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dora L. Irizarry, United States District Judge
Petitioner Keith Waters, currently incarcerated at Coxsackie Correctional Facility, brings this pro se application for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, challenging the constitutionality of a Kings County Supreme Court conviction and sentence rendered on May 17, 2006 for robbery in the first degree. The Court grants petitioner's request to proceed in forma pauperis. The petition, however, is dismissed for the reasons set forth below.
Before seeking a federal writ of habeas corpus, a state prisoner must exhaust available state remedies, 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(A), thereby giving the State the "opportunity to pass upon and correct" alleged violations of its prisoners' federal rights." Baldwin v. Reese, 541 U.S. 27, 29 (2004) (quoting Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995) (per curiam)); see also Jackson v. Edwards, 404 F.3d 612, 618 (2d Cir. 2005). To provide the State with the necessary "opportunity," a prisoner must "fairly present" his claim in each appropriate state court (including the state court of last resort with discretionary review over its docket), thereby alerting that court to the federal nature of the claim. Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365-366; O'Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 845 (1999); Daye v. Attorney General, 696 F.2d 186, 194 (2d Cir. 1982).
In the instant petition, Waters alleges that he "filed a timely notice of appeal," but does not provide the date of the state court decision. See Petition at 2, ¶ 8. As of the date of the filing of this petition, Waters' appeal of his criminal conviction still appears to be pending before the state courts. Because the state courts have not had an opportunity to consider petitioner's claims before he commenced this petition in federal court, the instant petition is prematurely filed.*fn1 Petitioner is advised that he may only seek federal review of his conviction once he has exhausted his state court remedies, i.e., once the state courts have completed the appellate review process.
Accordingly, the petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is dismissed, without prejudice to renew upon the exhaustion of the remedies available in the courts of the State of New York. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(A). As petitioner has not made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right, a certificate of appealability shall not issue. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253. The Court certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith, and, therefore, in forma pauperis is denied for the purpose of an appeal. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438 (1962).
DORA L. IRIZARRY United States ...