The opinion of the court was delivered by: Block, Senior District Judge
On January 11, 2008, plaintiffs (the "Funds") filed a complaint seeking (1) recovery of fringe benefit contributions and/or delinquency charges owed to the Funds, (2) a permanent injunction enjoining defendants from violating the terms of the Collective Bargaining Agreements ("CBA") and Declaration of Trust with the Funds, (3) attorneys fees and costs, and (4) interest. As defendant, after being duly served, has failed to respond to the complaint or otherwise defend against the action, see Docket Entry #9 (Clerk's Notation of Default dated March 19, 2008), plaintiffs now move for entry of a default judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2).
A defendant's default is an admission of all well-pleaded allegations in the complaint except those relating to damages. See Greyhound Exhibitgroup, Inc. v. E.L.U.L. Realty Corp., 973 F.2d 155, 158 (2d Cir. 1992) ("While a party's default is deemed to constitute a concession of all well pleaded allegations of liability, it is not considered an admission of damages."). A district court must nevertheless determine whether the allegations state a claim upon which relief may be granted, see Au Bon Pain Corp. v. Artect, Inc., 653 F.2d 61, 65 (2d Cir. 1981) ("[A district court] need not agree that the alleged facts constitute a valid cause of action."); if they do, damages "must be established by the plaintiff in an evidentiary proceeding in which the defendant has the opportunity to contest the amount." Greyhound Exhibitgroup, 973 F.2d at 158.
Plaintiffs allege that defendant executed CBAs pursuant to which it "became obliged to pay fringe benefit contributions to the Funds," Compl. ¶ 8, and failed to make such payments. See id. at ¶ 9-10.
These allegations -- deemed admitted -- are sufficient to establish a breach of the CBAs and, by extension, a violation of ERISA. See 29 U.S.C. § 1145 ("Every employer who is obligated to make contributions to a multiemployer plan under the terms of the plan or under the terms of a collectively bargained agreement shall, to the extent not inconsistent with law, make such contributions in accordance with the terms and conditions of such plan or such agreement."). Thus, plaintiffs' motion for entry of a default judgment is granted.
Having established a violation of § 1145, the Funds are entitled to the following remedies under § 1132(g)(2), as well as any additional damages stemming from defendants' breach of the CBA; the matter is referred to the assigned magistrate judge for a report and recommendation on the relief to be awarded.
FREDERIC BLOCK Senior United States District Judge
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