The opinion of the court was delivered by: Louis L. Stanton, U.S.D.J.
Defendant New York-Presbyterian Hospital ("NYPH") moves for summary judgment on the legal issue whether the relator can satisfy the "presentment" requirement of the False Claims Act ("FCA"). The FCA states (31 U.S.C. § 3729(a)):
(1) knowingly presents, or causes to be presented, to an officer or employee of the United States Government or a member of the Armed Forces of the United States a false or fraudulent claim for payment or approval;
(2) knowingly makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement to get a false or fraudulent claim paid or approved by the Government;
(3) conspires to defraud the Government by getting a false or fraudulent claim allowed or paid;
[or other fraudulent acts immaterial here] is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not less than $5,000 and not more than $10,000, plus 3 times the amount of damages which the Government sustains because of the act of that person . . . .
Subsection (c) of § 3729 defines a "claim":
For purposes of this section, "claim" includes any request or demand, whether under a contract or otherwise, for money or property which is made to a contractor, grantee, or other recipient if the United States Government provides any portion of the money or property which is requested or demanded, or if the Government will reimburse such contractor, grantee, or other recipient for any portion of the money or property which is requested or demanded.
NYPH argues that the submission of claims to Medicaid does not satisfy the FCA's "presentment" requirement: that the false claim "be presented, to an officer or employee of the United States Government . . . for payment or approval." § 3729(a)(1). It says:
In this case, the claims at issue were not presented by NYPH at all, but rather were presented by an agent of Columbia University to the New York State Medicaid office. Medicaid is a State, not a federal agency, and this "presentment" does not satisfy the Federal FCA requirement.
[This] action begs the instant question: were the claims at issue submitted to an officer or employee of the United States? The answer to that question is no because the New York State Medicaid office is a State agency, not a federal one.
. . . NYPH is entitled to judgment as a matter of law because 1) Columbia "presented" the invoices at issue in this case, not NYPH*fn1 ; and 2) the claims at issue were not presented to an officer ...