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Peekskill Housing Authority v. Quaintance

April 3, 2008


Accepted for Miscellaneous Reports Publication

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

As corrected through Wednesday, September 10, 2008

{**20 Misc 3d at 58}



Final judgment reversed without costs and petition dismissed.

In this nonpayment proceeding, landlord demanded--in addition to July and August 2006 rent--administrative fees, service fees and legal costs. In the court below, landlord did not submit a copy of the parties' lease and thus did not establish that these fees and costs were deemed additional rent under the lease. Moreover, although, on appeal, landlord has submitted a copy of the lease, thus conceding its genuineness, an examination thereof indicates that the lease did not deem the fees and costs additional rent. In these circumstances, these fees and costs are not recoverable in a summary proceeding (RPAPL 741 [5]; see e.g. Matter of Bedford Gardens Co. v Silberstein, 269 AD2d 445 [2000]; Matter of Petrakakis v Crown Hotels, 3 AD2d 635 [1956]). Since tenant tendered the full amount owed as rent prior to the entry of judgment, the final judgment is reversed and the petition dismissed (see Chester Mamaroneck Gardens v Riggsbee, 189 Misc 2d 439 [App Term, 9th & 10th Jud Dists 2001]).

Contrary to the views expressed in the concurrence, appellate courts routinely accept concessions on appeal with respect to matters that are dehors the record (e.g. Matter of Massi v Flynn, 46 AD3d 685 [2007]; Adams v Washington Group, LLC, 42 AD3d 475 [2007]). Here, since landlord has conceded the genuineness of the lease which it attached to its brief on appeal, there is no bar to this court's examination of the lease for the purpose of reversing the final judgment of the court below in favor of landlord (see e.g. Brandes Meat Corp. v Cromer, 146 AD2d 666 [1989]; 275 Linden Realty Corp. v Caraballa, 5 Misc 3d 32 [App Term, 2d & 11th Jud Dists 2004]).

Scheinkman, J. (concurring in the following memorandum). I agree with my colleagues that because landlord did not submit a copy of the lease to the court below, it was error for the court{**20 Misc 3d at 59} below to have entered a final judgment awarding landlord possession of the premises and $1,210, based upon tenant's failure to pay administrative fees, service fees and legal costs. I respectfully disagree with respect to the consideration given by the majority to the lease submitted by landlord as an appendix to its brief. Even though the lease was not submitted to the court below, landlord annexed what it represents to be the lease to its brief and argues that provisions of the lease support recovery of the fees and costs demanded. Landlord's argument--that the lease authorizes the fees and legal costs claimed--was not raised in the court below.

It is the general rule that appellate review is limited to the matters presented in the record on appeal and, absent matters that may be judicially noticed, new facts may not be injected at the appellate level (Khan v State Univ. of N.Y. Health Science Ctr. at Brooklyn, 271 AD2d 656, 657 [2000]; Broida v Bancroft, 103 AD2d 88, 93 [1984] [appendix consisting of matters dehors the record disregarded]; see also Devellis v Lucci, 266 AD2d 180 [1999]). Incontrovertible documents not in the record may be considered by an appellate court for purposes of sustaining a judgment (Kirp v Caleb's Path Realty Corp., 19 AD2d 744, 745 [2d Dept 1963]; accord State of New York v Peerless Ins. Co., 117 AD2d 370 [3d Dept 1986]). But, here, the majority uses the lease to reverse the judgment.

In Crawford v Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith (35 NY2d 291, 299 [1974]), the Court of Appeals created an additional, narrow exception which permits an appellate court to consider incontrovertible documents for purposes of modifying or reversing a judgment where the documents would conclude protracted litigation and relieve the courts of the burden of having to conduct further proceedings which would ultimately be unnecessary. In Crawford, the Court considered rules of the New York Stock Exchange, not submitted below, in deciding that the dispute was arbitrable (see also Brandes Meat Corp. v Cromer, 146 AD2d 666 [1989] [sole defense to plaintiff's claim was allegation that plaintiff lacked standing to sue; lack of merit to defense was established by certificate from the Secretary of State]). Here, the final judgment falls, and the litigation ends by reason of the unanimous conclusion that landlord failed to submit the lease.

Accordingly, there is no need to go further in order to save judicial resources and, in my view, the Crawford exception ought not to be invoked here (see Mi Suk Buley v Beacon Tex-Print, 118 AD2d 630 [1986] [refusing to consider lease, which was dehors the record, in support of argument by{**20 Misc 3d at 60} tort defendant that it should not be subjected to strict liability as it was only the lessor of the allegedly defective equipment]; see also O'Connor-Sullivan, Inc. v Otto, 283 App Div 269 [1954] [lease considered on appeal for purposes of affirming judgment where, though not formally made part of record, a copy of the lease was submitted to the lower court and the lease had been recorded in the County Clerk's office]).

Additionally, consideration of the lease gives rise to a further difficulty. Landlord argues that the lease authorizes the charges in question, an argument that was not made below. While the majority is correct that landlord has, in effect, conceded that the lease annexed (improperly) to its brief is genuine, landlord has by no means conceded that the lease should be construed as the majority construes it. The majority takes the concession that the lease is genuine and then rejects landlord's argument, offered for the first time on appeal, as to how the lease should be construed. The record indicates that the court below simply assumed that landlord was entitled to what it was demanding. Since landlord's present argument is raised for the first time in its brief on this appeal, I would not consider it (see Lebreton v New York City Tr. Auth., 267 AD2d 211 [1999]).

Accordingly, I would base the reversal here solely on the ground that landlord failed to submit the lease to the court below. While the other questions posed in this case are interesting, I would not decide any more than is strictly necessary to decide the matter and would leave the other issues, including the proper ...

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