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Bellare v. Astrue

July 11, 2008


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Michael A. Telesca United States District Judge



Debra Bellare ("Plaintiff"), on behalf of Samuel Maloney ("Maloney"), her minor child, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g) and 1383(c)(3), seeking review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security ("Commissioner" or "Defendant"), denying her application for Supplemental Security Income ("SSI") childhood disability benefits. Specifically, Plaintiff seeks reversal of the Commissioner's ruling on grounds that the decision of Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") William R. Pietz denying Plaintiff's application for benefits was erroneous and not supported by substantial evidence contained in the record and was not supported by the applicable law.

The Commissioner moves for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(c) ("Rule 12(c)"). Plaintiff cross-moves for judgment on the pleadings on the grounds that the ALJ's decision was not supported by substantial evidence. For the reasons set forth below, I hereby deny Defendant's motion for judgment on the pleadings, deny Plaintiff's cross-motion for judgment on the pleadings, and remand this claim to the Commissioner for further proceedings consistent with this Decision.


On July 23, 2003, Plaintiff, on behalf of her son, Samuel Maloney, filed an application with the Social Security Administration for SSI childhood disability benefits (Tr. 59). Maloney, who was born on May 17, 2000, was three years old at the time the application was made. Bellare's application was denied initially on October 14, 2003. (Tr. 28-31). Plaintiff then filed a timely request for a hearing before an ALJ which took place before ALJ Pietz via video-teleconferencing on May 5, 2006 (see Tr. 535-545). Plaintiff, represented by counsel, appeared and testified, but her son did not appear at the administrative hearing.

In a decision dated June 2, 2006, ALJ Pietz found that although Maloney's pervasive developmental disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, and bipolar disorder were severe (Tr. 16), he was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act (Tr. 25). Bellare made a timely request for review of that decision to the Social Security Appeals Council ("Appeals Council") (Tr. 11). After the ALJ rendered his decision, but before the Appeals Council rendered its decision regarding Plaintiff's request for review, Bellare submitted additional evidence in support of her claim (Tr. 7, 10, 527-531). The Appeals Council found that the supplemental evidence was not relevant to the issue of whether or not Maloney was disabled at the time the ALJ rendered his decision and, therefore, declined to make it part of the record (see Tr. 7, 10).

The ALJ's decision became the final decision of the Commissioner when the Appeals Council denied Plaintiff's request for review of the ALJ's decision on February 23, 2007 (Tr. 6-10). On April 20, 2007, Plaintiff filed this action on behalf of her son, appealing the Commissioner's decision.


I. Jurisdiction and Scope of Review

42 U.S.C. § 405(g) grants jurisdiction to district courts to hear claims based on the denial of Social Security benefits. This section has been made applicable to Supplemental Security Income cases by § 42 U.S.C. 1383(c)(3). 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) directs that when considering such a claim, the district court must accept the findings of fact made by the Commissioner, provided that such findings are supported by substantial evidence in the record. Substantial evidence is defined as, "such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion." Consolidated Edison Co. v. NLRB, 305 U.S. 197, 217 (1938). Section 405(g) thus limits the court's scope of review to determining whether or not the Commissioner's findings were supported by substantial evidence. See Mongeur v. Heckler, 722 F.2d 1033, 1038 (2d Cir. 1983) (finding that a reviewing court does not try a benefits case de novo).

In determining whether the factual findings of the Commissioner are supported by substantial evidence, the reviewing court must examine the entire record. Id. The record includes evidence that was submitted to the Appeals Council, but was not before the ALJ, provided that the evidence relates to the claimant's condition as it existed on or before the date of the ALJ's decision. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.970(b), 416.1470(b); see also Perez v. Chater, 77 F.3d 41, 45 (2d Cir. 1996) (holding that "new evidence submitted to the Appeals Council following the ALJ's decision may become part of the administrative record for judicial review when the Appeals Council denies review of the ALJ's decision.").

The court is also authorized to review the legal standards employed by the Commissioner in evaluating the plaintiff's claim. The court must "scrutinize the record in its entirety to determine the reasonableness of the decision reached." Lynn v. Schweiker, 565 F. Supp. 265, 267 (S.D. Tex. 1983) (citation omitted).

The Commissioner asserts that his decision was reasonable and is supported by the evidence in the record, and moves for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Rule 12(c). Judgment on the pleadings may be granted under Rule 12(c) where the material facts are undisputed and where judgment on the merits is possible merely by considering the contents of the pleadings. Sellers v. M.C. Floor Crafters, Inc., 842 F.2d 639 (2d Cir. 1988). If, after a review of the pleadings, the Court is convinced that Plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of ...

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