UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
December 5, 2008
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
ALPHONSE T. PERSICO, ALSO KNOWN AS "THE KID" AND "ALLIE BOY" AND JOHN J. DEROSS, ALSO KNOWN AS "JACKIE" DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Seybert, District Judge
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Defendants Alphonse Persico ("Persico") and John DeRoss ("DeRoss") were found guilty by a jury on December 28, 2007 on three of the six counts contained in the Indictment. Namely, Defendants were found guilty of the murder of William Cutolo, Sr. ("Cutolo, Sr.") in aid of racketeering (Count 1), conspiracy to tamper with witnesses (Count 5), and witness tampering (Count 6), while they were found not guilty of the charges related to the Joseph Campanella shooting (Counts 2, 3, and 4). On November 24, 2008, the Court denied Defendants' motions for a judgment of acquittal after the jury verdict pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 29(c), and denied Defendants' motions for a new trial pursuant to Rule 33. Presently pending before the Court is the Defendants' motion seeking discovery of "all information in the government's possession relating to the death of William Cutolo, Sr." (Defs.' Letter dated Oct. 7, 2008). For the reasons explained below, Defendants' motion is DENIED.
The Court presumes familiarity with the facts of this case and does not recite them at length.
DEFENDANTS' MOTION SEEKING DISCLOSURE OF ALL EVIDENCE RELATING TO THE DEATH OF CUTOLO, SR.
During the trial, to establish Defendants' guilt on the murder charge,*fn1 the Government primarily presented evidence as to both Defendants' motives and opportunities to kill Cutolo, Sr. In response, the Defendants claimed that Cutolo, Sr. was still alive, pointing to the Government's failure to present a body or establish a cause of death. On October 6, 2008, however, the Federal Bureau of Investigation recovered the buried body of Cutolo, Sr. The Suffolk County Medical Examiner identified the cause of death as homicide. (See Gov't's Letter dated Oct. 7, 2008). In their Rule 33 motions for new trials, Defendants then altered their argument, stating that the discovery of Cutolo, Sr.'s body was actually evidence that supported their innocence because Cutolo, Sr.'s body was discovered in a place that was inconsistent with the Government's theory. As a result, Defendants claim, they are entitled to all information in the Government's possession regarding Cutolo, Sr.'s death.
As indicated in its November 24, 2008 Order,*fn2 this Court agrees with the Defendants that the new evidence surrounding the discovery of Cutolo, Sr.'s body contradicts the Government's theory of disposal, but proof of the whereabouts of Cutolo, Sr.'s body is not exculpatory and in no way contradicts the motive and opportunity evidence presented by the Government at trial. Even post-trial, the Government may have a duty to disclose certain information, albeit a lesser duty than before or during trial. See McKithen v. Brown, 565 F. Supp. 2d 440, 463 (E.D.N.Y. 2008) ("[A]fter a conviction becomes final the prosecutor's duty to seek justice, though no longer enforceable through the due process right to a fair trial, does not entirely evaporate."); see also Herrera v. Collins, 506 U.S. 390, 399-400, 113 S.Ct. 853, 122 L.Ed. 2d 203 (1992) (stating that after conviction, a defendant is legally presumed guilty, not legally presumed innocent, and accordingly retains fewer rights). But regardless of the exact dimensions of the Government's duty to disclose, at bottom the Government is only required to disclose material exculpatory information. See Weatherford v. Bursey, 429 U.S. 545, 559, 97 S.Ct. 837, 51 L.Ed. 2d 30 (1977). Thus, the Defendants are not entitled to all information in the Government's possession regarding the circumstances of Cutolo, Sr.'s death.
For the reasons explained above, the Court hereby DENIES Defendants' motion seeking disclosure of all information in the Government's possession concerning the death of Cutolo, Sr.
Furthermore, the Court ORDERS that the documents contained in the Government's ex parte submission, dated November 15, 2008, remain under seal.
JOANNA SEYBERT U.S.D.J.