NEW YORK SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT
December 11, 2008
HAN SOO LEE, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS-APPELLANTS,
RIVERHEAD BAY MOTORS, ET AL., DEFENDANTS,
RIVERHEAD POOH, L.L.C., ET AL., DEFENDANTS-RESPONDENTS.
Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Robert D. Lippmann, J. at jury trial; Edward H. Lehner, J. on judgment), entered September 7, 2007, to the extent appealed from as limited by the brief, awarding plaintiffs damages for past pain and suffering and for future pain and suffering over 28.5 years against defendants Riverhead Pooh L.L.C. and Yoda L.L.C., unanimously reversed, on the law and the facts, without costs, the judgment vacated to that extent, and the matter remanded for a new trial as to past and future pain and suffering, future loss of services, past and future lost wages and future medical costs.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Andrias, J.P., Saxe, Sweeny, Moskowitz, JJ.
While the trial court dismissed plaintiff Han Soo Lee's claim for lost wages on other grounds, it misrepresented the law when it suggested to the jury that plaintiff was precluded from recovering lost wages because of his immigration status (see Balbuena v IDR Realty LLC, 6 NY3d 338, 362 ). The court erred in failing to provide a curative instruction explaining that working in the United States without the proper documentation is neither a crime pursuant to the Immigration Reform and Control Act (8 USC § 1324a et seq.) (see id. at 361) nor a bar to the recovery of damages in a civil action for personal injuries, and this error caused undue prejudice to plaintiff.
The court improperly precluded the testimony of plaintiff's treating orthopedic surgeon as to his need for future back surgery. The requirement of future back surgery was set forth in expert disclosure pursuant to CPLR 3101(d), which included two of the surgeon's reports and the surgeon's explanation that he was trying less invasive treatments before resorting to surgery (see McGee v Family Care Servs., 246 AD2d 308 ).
Similarly, the court improperly precluded the testimony of another treating orthopedic surgeon as to plaintiff's need for future hip replacement surgery. The need for future hip surgery was raised in plaintiff's bill of particulars, which stated that plaintiff developed post-traumatic degenerative arthritis of the hip and would require a hip replacement in the future (see Holshek v Stokes, 122 AD2d 777, 778-779 ). The surgeon should have been permitted to testify also as to the permanency of plaintiff's pain, his limp, and his future need of a cane.The court also improperly precluded the testimony of plaintiff's treating physiatrist, a doctor of osteopathy, as to plaintiff's need for future physical therapy, on the ground that he was not a medical doctor (see Escobar v Allen, 5 AD3d 242 ).
The court properly precluded plaintiff's expert economist from testifying, as plaintiff failed to provide a proper foundation for the expert's testimony (see Delvalle v White Castle Sys., 277 AD2d 13 ).
Plaintiffs do not appeal from that portion of the judgment that awarded $100,000 for past loss of services and $126,000 for past medical expenses.
We have considered plaintiffs' remaining arguments and find them unavailing.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
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