SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK APPELLATE DIVISION SECOND JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
January 27, 2009
PATRICIA MURPHY, RESPONDENT,
POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, ET AL., APPELLANTS.
In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, the defendants appeal, as limited by their brief, from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Kramer, J.), dated December 31, 2007, as denied their motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
ANITA R. FLORIO, J.P., JOSEPH COVELLO, RUTH C. BALKIN and JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, JJ.
(Index No. 18645/06)
DECISION & ORDER
ORDERED that the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, with costs.
The plaintiff, a member of the women's softball team of the defendant Polytechnic University, allegedly was injured when, during a team practice, she was hit in the head with a bat swung by her coach, the defendant James Barrett, a/k/a Jimmy Barrett. On their motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint, the defendants demonstrated their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law based upon the doctrine of primary assumption of the risk, which provides that a voluntary participant in a sport or recreational activity consents to those commonly appreciated risks which are inherent in and arise out of the nature of the sport or activity generally and flow from such participation (see Morgan v State of New York, 90 NY2d 471, 484), such as the risk of getting hit with a bat swung during softball practice (see Chaikin v Long Is. City YMCA, 29 AD3d 619, 619-620; Napoli v Mount Alvernia, Inc., 239 AD2d 325, 326). However, in opposition, the plaintiff raised triable issues of fact as to whether the defendants "unreasonably increased" that risk (Benitez v New York City Bd. of Educ., 73 NY2d 650, 658; see Muniz v Warwick School Dist., 293 AD2d 724; Stryker v Jericho Union Free School Dist., 244 AD2d 330, 330-331), and as to whether she was injured as a result of "reckless . . . conduct" (Morgan v State of New York, 90 NY2d at 485; cf. McGee v Board of Educ. of City of N.Y., 16 AD2d 99, 101-102). Accordingly, the Supreme Court properly denied the defendants' motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.
FLORIO, J.P., COVELLO, BALKIN and LEVENTHAL, JJ., concur.
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