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Crandall v. David


March 2, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary L. Sharpe U.S. District Judge


I. Introduction

Lester Crandall, proceeding pro se, brings this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983*fn1 alleging injuries stemming from the Amsterdam police department's seizure of his Ford F-150 pickup truck and/or its contents. Pending is defendant Alberto David's motion to dismiss.*fn2 For the reasons that follow, the motion is denied.

II. Facts

The facts surrounding the present litigation were fully addressed in this court's prior Memorandum-Decision & Order dated July 16, 2008, familiarity with which is assumed. See Crandall v. David, No. 07-CV-1167, 2008 WL 2783407 at *1 (N.D.N.Y. July 16, 2008). In brief, on November 24, 2004, New York State Police Investigator Alberto David and several members of the Amsterdam police department seized Crandall's truck and its contents during the course of an investigation. The contents of the truck included " a lap top computer and other valuable property and evidence in impending actions at law." (Compl. at ¶9; Dkt. No. 1.) The computer, in turn, contained intellectual property, medical and financial records, civil actions that Crandall planned to bring against the Amsterdam police department, and a book manuscript. (Id. at ¶¶ 30, 33.) Despite his efforts, Crandall has been unable to recover the contents of his truck from the police.*fn3


A. Standard of Review

In deciding a Rule 12(c) motion for judgment on the pleadings, the court applies the same standard as is used in deciding a motion to dismiss pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). See Sheppard v. Beerman,18 F.3d 147, 150 (2d Cir. 1994). The standard of review under FED.R.CIV. P. 12(b)(6) is well established and will not be repeated here. For a full discussion, the court refers the parties to its decision in Dixon v. Albany County Bd. of Elections, No. 1:08-CV-502, 2008 WL 4238708, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Sept. 8, 2008).

B. Motion to Dismiss

While the complaint and response to David's motion filed by Crandall are not models of clarity, at this juncture, David's motion is denied. On a motion to dismiss, the court must construe all reasonable inferences in Crandall's favor, as the non-moving party. As to the First Amendment claim, Crandall alleges that David took part in "spoliating" a laptop computer which contained electronic documents pertaining to civil litigation. David contends that Crandall's first amendment claim is deficient in two ways. First, he contends that Crandall has not specifically alleged that David had knowledge or a desire to impede his litigation. Second, David contends that the only lawsuit mentioned in the complaint involves the forfeiture proceeding brought by Montgomery County District Attorney which was litigated to final judgment.

In regard to Crandall's due process*fn4 claims, David contends that Crandall presents only conclusory references to procedural and substantive due process violations. He further notes that Crandall has failed to develop either theory. Moreover, David contends that he lacks personal involvement in the seizure and/or processing of Crandall's property which has been lost. While these argument may well prove to be dispositive in the future, on a motion to dismiss, the complaint sufficiently provides David with notice regarding Crandall's contentions against him. Accordingly, David's motion is denied in all respects.

WHEREFORE, for the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that David's motion to dismiss (Dkt. No. 29) is DENIED; and it is further

ORDERED that the Clerk provide copies of this Order to the parties. IT IS SO ORDERED.

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