The opinion of the court was delivered by: Johnson, Senior District Judge
By this Amended Order, this Court VACATES and SUPERSEDES its previously entered Memorandum and Order, dated October 14, 2008 and filed on October 23, 2008 ("October 2008 Memorandum and Order"), in which this Court adhered to Defendant Micheal Spataro's (the "Defendant") previously imposed sentence of 170 months imprisonment on Count Three, to run consecutively to Defendant's concurrent sentences on Counts One and Two, totaling 338 months imprisonment. By this Amended Order, this Court again adheres to Defendant's previously imposed sentence of 170 months imprisonment on Count Three, to run consecutively to Defendant's concurrent sentences on Counts One and Two, totaling 338 months imprisonment.
Presently before the Court is a Mandate from the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, issued on March 16, 2009, which, by Summary Order, vacates and remands this Court's judgment in the above-captioned case, as it relates to the sentence received by Defendant following his lawful 2006 conviction for his role in a murder conspiracy orchestrated by members of the Colombo crime family ("Summary Order"). Although the Court of Appeals affirmed all other aspects of this Court's decision, the three-judge panel held that, in sentencing Defendant to a consecutive 170 month term of imprisonment on Count Three, the Court did not provide reasons for the "above Guidelines sentence." See United States v. Persico, 2008 U.S. App. LEXIS 19443 at *5, (2d Cir. September 11, 2008). As a result, the Court of Appeals vacated the sentence as to Count Three and remanded the case to this Court for resentencing. Id. at *5-6.
This case arises out of a conspiracy involving leaders of the Colombo crime family in which two rank-and-file Colombo associates (Vincent DeMartino and Giovanni Floridia) were ordered in early 2001 to murder a fellow associate by the name of Joseph Campanella. Although Campanella was shot, the murder attempt failed. DeMartino and Floridia were subsequently arrested and convicted in May 2004. Following his conviction, Floridia agreed to cooperate with the government. This cooperation ultimately led to the arrest and indictment of Defendant Spataro. Although the original indictment included six counts, the government filed a three-count superseding indictment in December 2005.
On February 14, 2006, following a jury trial, Defendant was found guilty on all counts of the three count superseding indictment, including Conspiracy to Commit Murder in Aid of Racketeering, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1959(a)(5) (Count One); Assault with a Dangerous Weapon in Aid of Racketeering, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1959(a)(3) (Count Two); and Discharge of a Firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(iii) (Count Three). Prior to sentencing, this Court received and reviewed a Pre-sentence Investigation Report on Defendant Spataro ("PSR"), prepared by the United States Department of Probation, which indicated that, with respect to Count Three, Defendant was subject to the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment as determined by the statute, irrespective of his base offense level or any adjustments that might otherwise be appropriate to consider. See PSR, prepared May 18, 2006 at & 52. Indeed, a review of the applicable Sentencing Guideline section, as well as the statutory language, confirms the Probation Department's conclusion.
Section 2K2.4 of the Sentencing Guidelines*fn1 states that, where, as here, a defendant has been convicted of violating 18 U.S.C. § 924(c), "the guideline sentence is the minimum term of imprisonment required by statute." U.S.S.G. § 2K2.4(b). Accordingly, we turn to the specific statutory subsection at issue here, 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(iii), which states, in sum and substance, that any person who, in furtherance of a federal crime of violence or drug trafficking crime, discharges a firearm, shall be sentenced to a prison term of not less than 10 years, in addition to any punishment established for the underlying crime. See 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(iii). Since the statute is silent with regard to any maximum sentence, this Court construed the applicable guideline range for a violation of § 924(c)(1)(A)(iii) as 120 months to life. Hence, based on this interpretation, Defendant's 170-month sentence was, in fact, within the applicable guideline range, though significantly greater than the mandatory minimum. Nevertheless, in accordance with the Summary Order, this Court is compelled to provide an adequate explanation of the sentence imposed upon Defendant Spataro.
We begin with the general proposition that "[t]he Court shall impose a sentence sufficient, but not greater than necessary, to comply with the purposes set forth" in the statute. 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a). Among the factors that should be considered when sentencing a criminal defendant are the seriousness of the offense and the need "to protect the public from further crimes of the defendant." 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a)(2)(A) and (C). The statute also requires exploration of the nature and circumstances of the offense and the history and characteristics of the Defendant, the need for the sentence imposed to reflect the seriousness of the offense, the kinds of sentences available, and the kind of sentence and range established for the particular offense and the particular defendant. See 18 U.S.C. §3553(a).
After careful and deliberate consideration of the factors found in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), and all of the relevant facts and circumstances surrounding this case, this Court is satisfied that a sentence of 170 months on Count Three is reasonable and appropriate. In particular, the Court's decision was influenced by the premeditated and violent nature of the crime and the Defendant's longtime association with one of the most powerful organized crime families in New York City. See PSR at && 63, 65.
Therefore, this Court adheres to the previously imposed sentence of 170 months imprisonment on Count Three, to run consecutively with Defendant's concurrent sentences on Counts One and Two, totaling 338 months imprisonment. This Amended Order VACATES and SUPERSEDES this Court's October 2008 Memorandum and Order.
Sterling Johnson, Jr. Senior United States ...