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People v. Cumberbatch

New York Supreme Court, Kings County


March 26, 2009

PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
v.
JASON CUMBERBATCH, DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Patricia DiMango, J.

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the printed Official Reports.

The defendant, pro se, has moved this court for an order granting him what he calls a "Violent Felony Overrride," and directing that the Department of Correctional Services treat him accordingly. Specifically, the defendant is requesting a document which would contain a statement that, despite the fact that his plea of guilty to Attempted Robbery in the Second Degree is classified by statute as a violent felony offense, the particular subdivision to which his plea was entered did not involve the "use or threatened use of a deadly weapon or a dangerous instrument" or "the infliction of a serious physical injury," hence, a Violent Felony Override.

The People take no position regarding the defendant's request for such relief.

In deciding this motion, the court has considered the motion papers, the People's answering papers, and the court file.

Background

On October 23, 2006, the defendant pleaded guilty to the crime of Attempted Robbery in the Second Degree pursuant to Penal Law §§ 110.00, 160.10(1), upon the promise of a sentence of incarceration of five years and five years' post release supervision. Specifically, the defendant admitted that on or about July 19, 2006 in Brooklyn, Kings County he, while aided by another person actually present, did attempt to forcibly steal certain property: to wit, a bicycle. The indictment had further charged other offenses related to this incident,*fn1 but this plea was in full satisfaction of the indictment. The defendant was subsequently adjudicated a second violent felony offender and sentenced to the promised terms.

The defendant has brought the instant application to obtain a "Violent Felony Override," presumably because he now wishes to attend some sort of temporary release program or gain some other beneficial treatment from the Department of Correctional Services. Responding to the defendant's motion papers, the People state only that there is no such document as a "Violent Felony Override" and take no other position. Rather, the People have interpreted the defendant's application to be a request for a document issued pursuant to 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 (c), directed solely to the court; and, accordingly, have not addressed the merits of this application.

Prior to discussing the relief requested, this court would make several threshold comments as follow.

Firstly, the court regrets that the defendant was apparently misinformed as to the existence of such a thing as a "violent felony override" and erroneously directed to pursue it. Nevertheless, the court agrees that the defendant's request can be interpreted as seeking the issuance of a document referenced in 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 (c)(1)(iii). The court does not, however, necessarily concur in the People's assessment of the defendant's application as being directed solely to the court and excluding the People from its ambit when the applicable rules specifically permit either the court or the People to issue the document in question (see, 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 [c][1][iii]).

With regard to an application to the Department of Correctional Services for consideration for any temporary release programs, an inmate whose present commitment is the result of a conviction for an offense characterized as a violent felony offense in accordance with 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 (c) (1) (ii), or for an attempt to commit any offense listed in paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) (see, 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 [c][3]), must establish that, despite the crime being labeled as violent, its commission did not involve (1) "either being armed with, the use of, the threatened use of, or the possession with the intent to use unlawfully against another of, a deadly weapon or a dangerous instrument;" or (2) "the infliction of serious physical injury" (see, 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 [c][1][ii]).

The offense to which Mr. Cumberbatch ultimately pled guilty and for which he is currently committed, Attempted Robbery in the Second Degree, is one of such enumerated crimes. Thus, in order to even be considered for a temporary release program, the defendant must first provide the Temporary Release Committee chairperson with a document establishing that, notwithstanding that his present commitment is for an offense deemed a violent felony, it did not involve either the "use or threatened use of a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument" or the "infliction of a serious physical injury," which document may be generated either by the court or by the Office of the District Attorney (see, 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 [c][1][iii]). This court reasonably construes the instant application by the defendant to be a request for such a document.

Upon a review of the defendant's current conviction for Attempted Robbery in the Second Degree pursuant to Penal Law §§ 110.00, 160.10(1), the aggravating element in subdivision (1), "aided by another person actually present," does not encompass any of the aforementioned elements for disqualification from eligibility.

The court opines that the instant order, while determining the defendant's pending application, should also suffice to serve as such a "court-generated document" as contemplated under 7 NYCRR § 1900.4 (c)(1)(iii), and the court intends that it be treated as such.

In issuing this document and rendering its decision herein, the court hastens to note that it takes no position as to this defendant's ultimate eligibility for any temporary release program since the applicable rules and regulations contain other provisions not addressed in the defendant's papers which might otherwise disqualify him from obtaining the relief he seeks.

The defendant's application is, accordingly, granted in part, and denied to the extent the defendant has requested the issuance of a document entitled a "violent felony override."

The foregoing constitutes the decision and order of the court.


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