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Cooper v. Niagara Community Action Program

April 3, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Hugh B. Scott United States Magistrate Judge

Hon. Hugh B. Scott


Before the Court was defendant's second motion to compel production of documents and for reimbursement of its reasonable motion expenses, including attorney's fees, pursuant to Rule 37(a) (Docket No. 22). This Court granted defendant's motion (Docket No. 28) and ordered that defendant submit an application for its reasonable motion expenses within ten days of entry of that Order (id. at 3-4). This is similar to the relief granted for defendant's first motion to compel (see Docket Nos. 19, 26, Orders); familiarity with these Orders is presumed.

Pursuant to the latest Order (Docket No. 28, Order, at 3-4), defendant has submitted a timely application through its attorney's declaration (Docket No. 29, filed March 17, 2009), which is now before the Court. The Court then allowed plaintiff to file a response to this application by March 24, 2009, five business days after the filing of the application, and deemed the application submitted on that date (Docket No. 28, Order, at 3-4), but plaintiff again did not respond to this application.


This is a Title VII action, in which plaintiff alleges discrimination based upon race, as well as discrimination under the New York State Human Rights Law, and violations of the Equal Pay Act and New York Labor Law (see Docket No. 1, Compl.). Plaintiff had not responded to defendant's discovery demands and repeated requests for that discovery (Docket No. 23, Def. Atty. Decl. ¶¶ 2, 3, 4, Exs. A, B).

Fee Application

Defendant here claims $103.00 in attorney's fees as the reasonable motion expenses incurred in making its motion to compel, with counsel claiming a total of .1 hours in drafting the moving papers, at a rate of $205 per hour (Docket No. 29, Def. Atty. Decl, ¶¶ 6, 7, Ex. A), and 1.1 hours of paralegal's time, at a rate of $75 per hour (id., Ex. A). New defense counsel, Joseph Brown, outlined the relative experience of his predecessor, Kathleen Sellers, in justifying her $205 per hour rate and the experience of the paralegal, Jessica Carlson, who worked on this motion (id. ¶¶ 4-5).


I. Reasonable Motion Expenses

Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37, the movant is entitled to recover its reasonable costs and attorneys' fees. "If the court determines to award expenses and fees, it is for the court to decide what amount is proper." 8A Charles A. Wright, Arthur R. Miller & Richard L. Marcus, Federal Practice and Procedure § 2288, at 666-67 (Civil 2d ed. 1994); see also Addington v. Mid-American Lines, 77 F.R.D. 750, 751 (W.D. Mo. 1978) (three hours at $50 per hour held excessive where opponent merely failed to make timely response to interrogatories, reducing time to one hour). The rate or amount an attorney bills his or her client related to discovery or a motion to compel does not make that rate or time expended reasonable under Rule 37 as reasonable motion expenses. See Kahn v. General Motors Corp., No. 88 Civ. 2982, 1993 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5196, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 19, 1993).

Using the lodestar (or the "presumptively reasonable fee," see Arbor Hill Concerned Citizens Neighborhood Ass'n v. County of Albany, 493 F.3d 110, 111(2d Cir. 2007)) method for calculating the reasonable attorney's fee, Johnson v. the Bon-Ton Stores, No. 05CV170, Docket No. 39, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20019, at *8 (W.D.N.Y. Apr. 17, 2006) (Scott, Mag. J.), the components for determining the reasonable attorneys' fee are the moving attorney's time spent on the motion and the reasonable billing rate for that attorney. The last component for determining the reasonable motion expenses are the other motion expenses incurred (not sought here). In calculating the "presumptively reasonable fee" this Court "should generally use the prevailing hourly rate in the district where it sits to calculate what has been called the 'lodestar,'" Arbor Hill, supra, 493 F.3d at 111.

Here, defendant as the prevailing movant for a discovery motion is entitled to recover its reasonable motion expenses (including attorney's fees) under Rule 37(a)(5)(A) and (a)(3)(A) (effective Dec. 1, 2007) (party seeking disclosure may move to compel and for appropriate sanctions). The present issue is whether the amount of time claimed and the rate charged for that time by defense counsel is reasonable for a motion to compel production of the materials sought. Absent any response or opposition by plaintiff, however, defendant's application is deemed reasonable; the amount of time expended by Ms. Sellers and by Ms. Carlson (and the apportionment of services between them) is reasonable given the relative straight forward nature of this motion. As noted by present defense counsel, the rate Ms. Sellers quoted has been upheld by this Court as being reasonable for recovery discovery ...

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