NEW YORK SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT
April 14, 2009
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
RAYMUNDO GARCIA, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.
Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Bonnie G. Wittner, J.), rendered October 26, 2007, convicting defendant, upon his plea of guilty, of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the third degree, and sentencing him, as a second felony offender, to a term of 31/2 years, unanimously reversed, on the law, the plea vacated and the matter remanded for further proceedings.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Tom, J.P., Andrias, Buckley, DeGrasse, JJ.
The court's failure to inform defendant at his plea allocution that he would be subject to a period of postrelease supervision requires reversal of the conviction (People v Catu, 4 NY3d 242 ). In pleading guilty, defendant was entitled to rely on the court's sentence promise, which, as applicable here, was a prison term of 31/2 years with no mention of anything else. Accordingly, the fact that the prosecutor mentioned postrelease supervision earlier in the plea proceeding does not warrant a different result. A court's failure to warn a defendant prior to pleading guilty of the sentencing consequences of the plea is not subject to harmless error analysis (People v Hill, 9 NY3d 189, 192 , cert denied __ US __, 128 S Ct 2430 ; see also People v Van Deusen, 7 NY3d 744, 745-746 ). Similarly, there is no reason to depart from the rule that a defendant may raise a Catu issue for the first time on appeal (see People v Louree, 8 NY3d 541 ). We have considered and rejected the People's remaining arguments.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
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