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People v. Graves

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK APPELLATE DIVISION SECOND JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT


May 19, 2009

THE PEOPLE, ETC., RESPONDENT,
v.
CARLOS GRAVES, APPELLANT.

Appeal by the defendant, by permission, from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Lott, J.), dated August 10, 2006, which denied, without a hearing, his motion pursuant to CPL 440.10 to vacate a judgment of the same court rendered September 9, 1996, convicting him of murder in the second degree and attempted murder in the second degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence, and, in effect, pursuant to CPL 440.20 to set aside the sentence imposed.

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

A. GAIL PRUDENTI, P.J., FRED T. SANTUCCI, ANITA R. FLORIO & ARIEL E. BELEN, JJ.

(Ind. No. 9064/95)

DECISION & ORDER

ORDERED that the order is affirmed.

In support of that branch of his motion which was pursuant to CPL 440.10 to vacate the judgment against him, the defendant contended that the prosecution committed a Brady violation (see Brady v Maryland, 373 US 83) by failing to disclose that one of its witnesses at trial had prior arrests and convictions under a different name. Since this contention was either raised, or could have been raised, in the context of a first, unsuccessful motion pursuant to CPL 440.10 made by the defendant, it was within the Supreme Court's discretion to deny, without a hearing, that branch of the defendant's current motion (see CPL 440.10[3][b], [c]; People v Cochrane, 27 AD3d 659, 660, cert denied 538 US 1060). In any event, there is no reasonable possibility that the nondisclosure affected the outcome of the trial (see People v Pressley, 91 NY2d 825; People v Vilardi, 76 NY2d 67; People v McGee, 232 AD2d 429).

Further, contrary to the defendant's contention in support of that branch of his motion which was, in effect, pursuant to CPL 440.20, the consecutive sentences imposed were not illegal. The evidence at trial established that the crimes involved separate and distinct acts against separate victims (see People v Brathwaite, 63 NY2d 839, 843; People v Boone, 30 AD3d 535, 536; People v Maldonado, 5 AD3d 505, 506-507; People v Porter, 256 AD2d 363, 364).

PRUDENTI, P.J., SANTUCCI, FLORIO and BELEN, JJ., concur.

20090519

© 1992-2009 VersusLaw Inc.



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