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United States v. Stone

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK


June 8, 2009

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
v.
DWAYNE STONE, DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Thomas J. McAVOY, Senior United States District Judge

DECISION & ORDER

On May 8, 1998, Defendant Dwayne Stone pleaded guilty to Count 1 of Indictment No. 96-CR-62 charging him with conspiring to possess with the intent to distribute and distribution of cocaine and cocaine base, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 846 and 841 (a)(1). Stone's guilty plea was pursuant to a Plea Agreement under former Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(e)(1)(C) which contained an agreed-upon sentence of 180 months with the possibility of a further reduction based upon Stone's cooperation with prosecutors.

At sentencing, the Court determined Stone's United States Sentencing Guidelines ("USSG") offense level to be a 43 and his criminal history category to be a III, which, had it not been for the Rule 11(e)(1)(C) agreement, would have resulted in a USSG sentence of life imprisonment. However, because the Court had accepted the parties' agreement the Court sentenced Stone to 180 months imprisonment.

Defendant now seeks a further sentence reduction pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) in light of the retroactive application of Amendment 706 to the United States Sentencing Guidelines for crack cocaine offenses. The motion is denied.

18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) provides in relevant part: "[I]n the case of a defendant who has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 994(o), upon motion of the defendant or the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or on its own motion, the court may reduce the term of imprisonment, after considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a) to the extent that they are applicable, if such a reduction is consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission." 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2)(emphasis added).

Defendant Stone was not sentenced "based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission," but rather was sentenced upon the parties' Rule 11(e)(1)(C) agreement and the Government's subsequent motion. To the extent that Amendment 706 could be applied to Stone's case, it would reduce his USSG range to 360 months - life imprisonment, well beyond that imposed by this Court.

It is therefore

ORDERED that Defendant's motion to reduce his sentence is DENIED.

20090608

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