UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
June 16, 2009
FRANCES MONTELEONE ET AL. PLAINTIFFS,
THE LEVERAGE GROUP, LEVERAGE OPTION MANAGEMENT CO., INC., LEVERAGE MANAGEMENT LLC, NORTH AMERICAN FINANCIAL, PHILIP BARRY LLC, PHILIP BARRY, HK HOLDINGS, LLC, AND JOSEPH'S DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sifton, Senior Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Various groups of plaintiffs,*fn1 including the Del Monaco plaintiffs, commenced actions against defendants the Leverage Group, Leverage Option Management Co., Inc., Leverage Management, LLC, North American Financial, Philip Barry ("Barry"), and Philip Barry, LLC. These cases were consolidated for pretrial purposes on November 17, 2008. On December 24, 2008, all plaintiffs filed an Amended Consolidated Complaint, which included the following additional defendants: Saint Joseph's Development Corporation and HK Holdings, LLC. The Amended Consolidated Complaint asserted RICO, fraud, conversion, misrepresentation, and breach of contract claims. Now before the court are a motion for partial summary judgment on damages against Philip Barry by plaintiffs Karamchad Balkaran, Keith Pennington, and the Estate of Joseph Fontana against defendant Philip Barry only, and motions to amend the complaint and for partial summary judgment on liability and summary judgment on damages by John Marini, Anna Marini (the "Marinis"). The aforementioned plaintiffs are all part of the Del Monaco plaintiffs' group. For the reasons stated below, the motions are granted in part and denied in part. BACKGROUND
Familiarity with the procedural history, parties, investment scheme, and prior summary judgment motions made in this case is assumed.*fn2
On January 29, 2009, I granted the Monteleone, Barglow, Gambello, Greenberger, Bianco, and Bray plaintiffs' motions for summary judgment. Pursuant to my consolidation order, these six motions for summary judgment were treated as having been filed on behalf of all plaintiffs. Karamchad Balkaran, Keith Pennington, and the Estate of Joseph Fontana, along with other Del Monaco plaintiffs, submitted affidavits indicating that their exposure to defendants' investment scheme mirrored that of the Monteleone, Barglow, Bianco, Gambello, Greenberger, and Bray plaintiffs. On February 6, 2009, I granted summary judgment as to liability to the Del Monaco and Delia plaintiffs. However, I denied summary judgment as to damages to all Del Monaco plaintiffs on the ground that they had submitted insufficient proofs to permit the calculation of damages.
At the same time as these proceedings were occurring in the District Court, a bankruptcy proceeding filed by Philip Barry on October 31, 2008 was taking place in the Eastern District of New York Bankruptcy Court. On January 23, 2009, several plaintiffs from the various plaintiff groups, including Karamchad Balkaran, Keith Pennington, and the Estate of Joseph Fontana, obtained relief from the automatic stay put in place by the bankruptcy court in favor of Barry,*fn3 which enabled them to proceed against Barry in the District Court. However, Judge Milton ordered that any collection efforts of the creditors for whose benefit the stay was lifted against Barry and his assets must occur in the Bankruptcy Court.
At the time Bankruptcy Court Judge Milton lifted the stay on actions against Barry, no stay was in place in favor of companies associated with Barry, as none of those companies had declared bankruptcy. On March 5, 2009, upon petition of the Trustee in the Bankruptcy Court, Judge Milton extended the automatic stay in place over Philip Barry, individual, to cover all companies controlled by him.*fn4 The Trustee appointed by Judge Milton to marshal and manage the debtor's assets stated in a letter to the court of April 7, 2009 that "the automatic stay is indefinitely applicable to stay any actions taken against all of the Debtor's Affiliated Entities," with no exception listed for those in whose favor the stay had previously been lifted (emphasis added).
On April 14, 2009, the Marinis filed a motion to amend the consolidated complaint to include them as plaintiffs and for summary judgment. In their papers, the Marinis included an affidavit attesting to the fact that they were subject to the same fraudulent scheme alleged by all other plaintiffs to this action.*fn5 On April 28, 2009, I denied the motion on the ground that the Marinis had not been granted relief from the stay of proceedings against Philip Barry and companies controlled by him put in place by the bankruptcy court, and therefor they could not proceed in any action against defendants. On June 4, 2009, Judge Milton of the bankruptcy court extended to the Marinis the relief from the automatic stay previously granted to other plaintiffs as to Philip Barry.
Plaintiffs Karamchad Balkaran, Keith Pennington, and the Estate of Joseph Fontana have now submitted affidavits in support of their application for summary judgment on damages. Plaintiffs John and Anna Marini informed the court that the bankruptcy court had granted them relief from the stay of proceedings against Philip Barry, and now seek consideration of their previously filed motions to amend the complaint to permit them to join the action and for summary judgment in their favor.
I. Amendment of Complaint
The decision whether to permit or disallow amendment of a complaint is within the district court's discretion. Zenith Radio Corp. v. Hazeltine Research, Inc., 401 U.S. 321, 28 L.Ed. 2d 77, 91 S.Ct. 795 (1971). Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure instructs courts that leave to amend should be "freely given when justice so requires." Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). In this case, the Marinis seek to amend the consolidated complaint so that they may become parties to this action. The claims made by the Marini plaintiffs are identical to those of the existing plaintiffs, and the facts asserted by the Marini plaintiffs are substantially similar. There is no indication that the late assertion of their claims would unfairly prejudice the defendants. Given the liberality in amending pleadings and the absence of any claim of bad faith or undue delay, the motion by the Marini plaintiffs to amend the complaint to join the action is granted.
For the reasons stated in my January 29, 2009 opinion, I grant partial summary judgment to John and Anna Marini on the issue of liability, limited to the claims stated in the previous ruling. Pursuant to the order of the Bankruptcy Court of March 5, 2009 extending the automatic stay over all companies controlled by Philip Barry, which makes no exceptions for claimants who were granted relief from the automatic stay against Barry individually, summary judgment on liability is granted as against Philip Barry only.
A plaintiff must substantiate a claim with evidence to prove the extent of damages. Although an evidentiary hearing may be held, "it is not necessary for the district court to hold a hearing, as long as... there was a basis for the damages specified." Transatlantic Marine Claims Agency, Inc. v. Ace Shipping Corp., 109 F.3d 105, 111 (2d Cir. 1997); Tamarin v, Adam Caterers, Inc., 13 F.3d 51, 54 (2d Cir. 1993) (district judges are given much discretion to determine the necessity of an inquest).
John and Anna Marini
John Marini states that, between May 1995 and July 2003, he and his wife invested the sum of $119,422.59 with defendants, at a guaranteed annual yield of 12.55%. Affidavit of John Marini at ¶ 7, Ex. A. From October 2001 through May 2008, the Marinis made withdrawals of $38,000. Id., Ex. B. Pursuant to the June 30, 2008 statement issued by defendants, the Marinis are owed a balance by defendants of $182,449.66, which includes all interest accumulated as of that date. Id., Ex. C. As of March 31, 1999, the Marinis are owed the sum of $199,722.63, which includes interest up until that date. Id. Despite repeated demand, Barry and his related companies have failed to return the money. Id. at ¶ 7.
Karamchad Balkaran states that he invested with defendants in two separate accounts, one of which provided 12.55% annual interest and the other of which provided 3% monthly (36% annual) interest. Affidavit of Karamchad Balkaran at ¶ 5. The June 30, 2008 quarterly statement for the 12.55% interest account reflected a balance of $239,557.38. Id. at ¶ 7, Ex. A. As of March 31, 2009, at a rate of 12.55% interest, and additional $22,548.33 was owed on this account, with a resulting total of $262.105.71. Id.
The 3% monthly interest account did not generate quarterly statements. Id. at ¶ 8. However, plaintiff has provided a letter from Philip Barry dated February 8, 2008, stating that the "SPECIAL 3%" account had a principal balance of $205,000. Id., Ex. B. Barry paid plaintiff the monthly interest by sending him a check for $3,950 each month and depositing $2200 in interest into the 12.55% account. Id. at ¶ 9., Ex. A.*fn6 Beginning in October, 2007, the checks sent by Barry began to bounce. Id. Plaintiff has submitted a copy of eleven bounced checks from defendant Barry in the amount of $3,950 each. Id., Ex. C.*fn7 The calculation of the amount owed on the 3% interest account is as follows. Plaintiff is owed the sum of $2,200 monthly since July of 2008 (June of 2008 was the last time this amount was deposited into his 12.55% account), which amounts to $19,800 as of March 31, 2009.*fn8 Plaintiff is owed the sum of $3,950 monthly since November, 2007 (the first month that the checks began bouncing), which amounts to $63,200 as of March 31, 2009. The sum of these amounts is $83,000, which, added to the principal amount of $205,000, amounts to $288,000.*fn9
The sum of the monies owed on the 12.55% annual interest and 3% monthly interest accounts is $550,105.71.
Keith Pennington states that he invested with defendants in various different accounts, some of which provided 12.55% annual interest and the others of which provided 3% monthly (36% annual) interest. Affidavit of Keith Pennington at ¶ 5. Plaintiff has submitted ten deposit slips showing that, between March 19, 2004 and January 12, 2005, plaintiff deposited a total of $1,447,200.00 into at least nine different accounts*fn10 with defendants. Id. at ¶ 7, Ex. A. Plaintiff states that these accounts provided 3% interest. Id. As proof of this assertion, plaintiff attaches the reverse of various deposit slips from defendants, wherein plaintiff alleges that Barry indicated the number of years of the investment and the monthly return. Id. at ¶ 10, Ex. C. The notations relied upon by plaintiff are cryptic and lack any reference to percentages, and accordingly are insufficient to support plaintiff's claim that his combined investments of $1,447,200.00 were subject to a 3% monthly interest payment.*fn11 Furthermore, as plaintiff has provided no account statement providing his total balance for these sums, it is not possible to ascribe an interest rate to this sum or to ascertain whether any withdrawals were made. Therefore, Mr. Pennington's request for damages is denied with respect to this amount, without prejudice to a renewed motion supplying additional documentary proof of the sums owed.
Plaintiff additionally submits three receipts for cashier's checks made out to M.B.N.A. America, Chase Manhattan Bank, and Quick and Reilley, amounting to $119,000, stating that Barry requested that he make these deposits to his 3% account by making checks payable to these other entities. Id. at ¶ 8. These deposit amounts cannot be validated, as plaintiff supplies no additional documentation showing that these deposits were held by Barry or other defendants. Accordingly, Mr. Pennington's request for damages is denied with respect to this amount, without prejudice to a renewed motion supplying additional documentary proof of the sums owed.
Plaintiff states that he maintained two separate accounts bearing 12.55% interest annually. Id. at ¶ 11. The March 31, 2008 statement from defendants indicated that these accounts had balances of $81,578.76 and $581,657.63, respectively. Id., Ex. D. However, the statement indicates that the first account was held by a "Doreen Pennington." Id. As plaintiff's name does not appear on this account, plaintiff may not include this account in his request for damages. Plaintiff states that he has not been paid interest since the March 31, 2008 statement. Id. At a rate of 12.55%, plaintiff is due $85,164.37 on his account, which, added to the principal of $581,657.63, amounts to $666,822.
Mr. Pennington is owed $666.822.
Estate of Joseph Fontana
Lisa Balkaran, as the administrator for the estate of Joseph Fontana, her father, states that Mr. Fontana invested with defendants in various accounts providing 12.55% annual interest. Affidavit of Lisa Balkaran at ¶ 5.*fn12 Plaintiff submits account statements for four different accounts dated June 30, 2008, listing balances of $74,720.13, $1,394.51, $15,702.43, and $15,702.43, respectively, amounting to $107,519.50. Id. at ¶ 7, Ex. C. With interest at a rate of 12.55% through May 31, 2009, the total sum due is $119,110.50 on these four accounts.
Plaintiff submits copies of 14 checks marked "received" showing deposits of $1,800 each made out to defendants by Mr. Fontana between October, 1998 and March, 2001, which amount to $25,200.00. Plaintiff maintains that an interest rate of 12.55% annually should be applied to this sum. There is no indication on the checks or on the defendants' notation that these deposits were destined for an account bearing 12.55% interest. Moreover, plaintiff makes no claim that defendants failed to make interest payments on this account, nor do the documents submitted provide any information about such a claim. Accordingly, Ms. Balkaran's request for damages is denied with respect to this amount, without prejudice to a renewed motion supplying additional documentary proof of the sums owed.
Plaintiff submits a deposit slip showing a deposit of $51,500 into an additional account on September 19, 2005. Id. at ¶ 9, Ed. E.*fn13 Regarding additional activity on this account, plaintiff refers to Mr. Fontana's handwritten ledger, pursuant to which she concludes that an additional $25,000 was deposited into this account on September 12, 2005. Id. at ¶ 9, Ex. F. The relevant information in the ledger itself is illegible,*fn14 and accordingly it cannot be determined whether the document supports plaintiff's contention. I do not consider this sum in calculating the total amount due. Regarding the confirmed sum of $51,500 in this account, plaintiff has offered no information about whether defendants failed to make interest payments at any time. Nor has plaintiff offered any information as to whether sums were withdrawn from this account, thus making it impossible to calculate the amount due on the account. The request for damages is denied with respect to this amount, without prejudice to a renewed motion supplying additional documentary proof of the sums owed.
Having denied the motion for damages with respect to the two latter accounts, I find that the Estate of Joseph Fontana is due $119,110.50.
Plaintiffs have offered sufficient evidence to show that it is more likely than not that they are owed the amounts described herein. Accordingly, their motions for summary judgment as to damages on these claims are granted. Under Rule 54(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, I find that there is no just reason for delay of entry of judgment since, under the circumstances, speed is of the essence. New plaintiffs have been making appeals to the bankruptcy court on a regular basis to assist them in pressing claims against defendant Barry, and there may be a race for priority. There is no reason to penalize the diligent.
For the reasons stated herein, the motion by John Marini and Anna Marini to amend the consolidated complaint to include their claims and for partial summary judgment as to liability and for summary judgment as to damages is granted as against Philip Barry only. The motions by Karamchad Balkaran, Keith Pennington, and the Estate of Joseph Fontana for summary judgment as to damages is granted in part and denied in part. Plaintiffs are awarded the following amounts as against Philip Barry only: John and Anna Marini are awarded $199,722.63; Karamchad Balkaran is awarded $550,105.71; Keith Pennington is awarded $666.822; and the Estate of Joseph Fontana is awarded $119,110.50. The Clerk is directed to transmit a copy of the within to all parties and the assigned Magistrate Judge, and to enter judgment in favor of the aforementioned plaintiffs against Philip Barry, in the amounts described herein. Any collection efforts on these judgments may proceed only with the approval of the bankruptcy court.
Charles P. Sifton (electronically signed) United States District Judge