Judgment, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Dominic R. Massaro, J.), rendered May 18, 2005, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of manslaughter in the first degree, and sentencing him to a term of 25 years, unanimously affirmed.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Mazzarelli, J.P., Saxe, Catterson, DeGrasse, Abdus-Salaam, JJ.
Defendant's challenge to a phrase in the court's charge is unpreserved and we decline to review it in the interest of justice. As an alternative holding, we find no basis for reversal. The query "who speaks the truth," a part of an old pattern charge that was superseded by the Criminal Jury Instructions, should be avoided (see e.g. People v Pippin, 67 AD2d 413, 418 ). However, viewing the main and supplemental charges as a whole, we find no reasonable possibility the jury could have misunderstood this language as reducing the People's burden of proof, shifting that burden, or commenting adversely on defendant's failure to testify.
We perceive no basis for reducing the sentence.
We have considered and rejected defendant's pro se claims.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
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