UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
July 24, 2009
PHILIP JOHNSON, PRO SE , PLAINTIFF,
PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY, WORLDWIDE FLIGHT SERVICES, INC. AND JFK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dora L. Irizarry, U.S. District Judge
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
Pro se petitioner, Philip Johnson, filed this discrimination action against defendants Worldwide Flight Services Incorporated ("Worldwide"), the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey ("Port Authority"), and John F. Kennedy International Airport ("JFK Airport")*fn1 pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000e-2000e-17 ("Title VII"), the New York State Human Rights Law, N.Y. Exec. Law §§ 290-97, and the New York City Human Rights Law, N.Y. City Admin. Code §§ 8-101-131. Worldwide now moves to dismiss this complaint pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). For the reasons set forth below, the motion is granted with respect to the federal claim. The court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state-law claims. Therefore, they are dismissed without prejudice.
The following facts are set forth in plaintiff's complaint, opposition papers, and in documents that, although not attached to the complaint, are integral to it. See Boykin v. Keycorp , 521 F.3d 202, 204 (2d Cir. 2008) (citation omitted). The court accepts the factual allegations in the complaint and plaintiff's opposition papers as true for purposes of resolving this motion. Id . (citation omitted).
Plaintiff is an African-American of Jamaican descent and is of the Rastafarian faith. He applied to work for Worldwide's operations at JFK Airport in a position that required a federally mandated security clearance known as the Unescorted Access Privileges to the Security Identification Area of Kennedy International Airport. As part of the application, plaintiff submitted his fingerprints, underwent a physical examination, and provided his picture and background information. He also applied to the Port Authority for the security clearance. While his application was pending, plaintiff began training for the position. "Months later," when he returned to complete his interview, he was told that he needed to restart the application process, which entailed repeating the training, resubmitting his fingerprints, and undergoing another physical. Plaintiff complied.
On February 17, 2007, the Port Authority sent a letter to plaintiff denying his application for the security clearance. The letter states:
Upon reviewing the results of your Criminal History Records Check (CHRC) and your [JFK Security] ID card application, your request for this card is denied. The CHRC obtained from the FBI indicates that you were convicted of: criminal act/s. Your application has been denied because you failed to disclose this fact in Part 5 of the ID card application. (Worldwide Mem. of Law at Ex. B.) The letter also notes that plaintiff did not have any convictions for a "disqualifying crime." (Id .)*fn2 The letter advised plaintiff that he could appeal the decision, and plaintiff did. On April 23, 2007, the Port Authority upheld the denial, explaining that [y]ou were denied the [Unescorted Access Privileges to the Security Identification Area of Kennedy International Airport] because you failed to disclose a previous conviction, and a criminal background check of you found records that cited a prior conviction. The SIDA badge application (Part 3) clearly states that you must disclose all pleas, convictions and/or conditional dismissals for crimes and misdemeanors other than parking or speeding violations, and further requires that you affirm that the statements you give are true, and states that providing false or inaccurate information is grounds for denial of the privileges, and potentially for civil penalty or fine. (Worldwide Mem. of Law at Ex. C.)*fn3
Plaintiff denies having a "disqualifying criminal offense within the past 10 years or 10 hundred years, concerning [his] person," and that "[he] left nothing blank on [his] app[lication]." (Pl.'s Opp'n (emphasis added).) Plaintiff alleges that he was denied the security clearance, thereby rendering him ineligible for the job, on the basis of his race, national origin, and religion.
II. Legal Standards
When considering a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, the court accepts as true the plaintiff's factual allegations and draws all reasonable inferences in favor of the non-moving party. Bd. of Educ. of Pawling Cent. Sch. Dist. v. Schutz , 290 F.3d 476, 479, (2d Cir. 2002) (citation omitted). In order to survive a motion to dismiss, an employment discrimination complaint only needs to provide "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. (8)(a)(2); see also Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A. , 534 U.S. 508, 508 (2002). "Such a statement must simply give the defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Swierkiewicz , 534 U.S. at 512. The complaint does not need to "contain specific facts establishing a prima facie case of discrimination under the framework set forth . . . in McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green , 411 U.S. 792, 93 S.Ct. 1817, 36 L.Ed.2d 668 (1973)." Swierkiewicz , 534 U.S. at 508.
A plaintiff must, however, allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly , 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). A complaint that "proffers only a conclusory allegation of discrimination[,] . . . without evidentiary support or allegations of particularized incidents, does not state a valid claim and so cannot withstand a motion to dismiss." Rivera-Powell v. New York City Bd. of Elections , 470 F.3d 458, 470 (2d Cir. 2006) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted). For purposes of a motion to dismiss, the complaint is deemed to include writings and documents attached to it, referenced in it, or integral to it. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(c); Chambers v. Time Warner, Inc ., 282 F.3d 147, 152-53 (2d Cir. 2002). A document is "integral" to the complaint if "the complaint relies heavily upon its terms and effects." Chambers , 282 F.3d at 153 (internal quotation marks omitted).
In deference to plaintiff's pro se status, the court has liberally reviewed his papers to raise the strongest arguments that they suggest. Triestman v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons , 470 F.3d. 472, 474 (2d Cir. 2006) (citations omitted). In addition, the court has considered the facts set forth in his opposition to the motion to dismiss as part of the pleadings. See Gill v. Mooney , 824 F.2d 192, 195 (2d Cir. 1987); Wilson v. Family Dollar Stores , 06-CV-639 (DGT), 2007 WL 952066, at *3 (E.D.N.Y. Mar. 29, 2007).
a. Title VII Claim
Here, the only alleged discriminatory act was the denial of plaintiff's application for unescorted access privileges at JFK airport. (Compl. at II.B (pointing to the April 23, 2007 letter as the alleged discriminatory act) & Attachment to II.E ("I believe that I was denied a security clearance in order to obtain employment at JFK International Airport because of my race (black), national origin (Jamaican) and religion (Rastafarian) in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended.").) Plaintiff acknowledges that he was not hired by Worldwide because he was denied security clearance. (Id .) However, plaintiff has not alleged that Worldwide had any role in deciding whether he would receive the security clearance. Moreover, the Port Authority's February 27 and April 23, 2007 letters, which are incorporated by reference, show that is was the Port Authority, and not Worldwide, that was responsible for investigating, reviewing, and ultimately denying his application. (Worldwide Mem. of Law at Exs. B & C.) In sum, because Worldwide was not involved in the alleged discrimination, the action against it must be dismissed.
b. State-Law Claims
In light of the dismissal of plaintiff's Title VII claim, the court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over his state-law claims. Motorola Credit Corp. v. Uzan, 388 F.3d 39, 55 (2d Cir. 2004) (citations omitted) ("Our Court has held, as a general proposition, that if [all] federal claims are dismissed before trial . . . , the state claims should be dismissed as well.").
For the reasons set forth above, Worldwide's motion to dismiss the Title VII claim is granted. The remaining state-law claims are dismissed without prejudice. SO ORDERED.
DORA L. IRIZARRY United States District Judge