The opinion of the court was delivered by: Seybert, District Judge
Presently before the Court is the Complaint of incarcerated pro se Plaintiff Julius Scalercio, an application to proceed in forma pauperis, and an application for a preliminary injunction and temporary restraining order. The Court GRANTS Plaintiff's application for in forma pauperis status. In the interests of judicial economy, as set forth in more detail below, the Court sua sponte orders that the Clerk of the Court consolidate this case with Plaintiff's outstanding habeas corpus petition, Scalercio v. Mazzuca, 05-CV-01770.
Plaintiff's present Complaint, docket number 09-CV-1248, relates to the imposition of post-release supervision ("PRS"). In his Complaint, brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, Plaintiff alleges that he is currently incarcerated at the Barehill Correctional Facility. (Compl. ¶ 1.) Plaintiff alleges that on August 6, 1998, the New York state legislature enacted "Jenna's Law," a statute that ended indeterminate sentences for criminal defendants convicted of violent felonies.*fn1 (See Compl. ¶ 3 (citing N.Y. Penal Law § 70.02.)) Plaintiff alleges that on April 29, 2002, he was sentenced to a ten-year determinate term of imprisonment without PRS. (Compl. ¶ 3.) On August 1, 2008, Plaintiff avers, he was "resentenced" to the same ten-year term, but that this sentence included a five-year term of PRS, which was to commence upon his release from prison on November 16, 2009. (Compl. ¶ 6.) Plaintiff alleges that the imposition of this PRS violates his constitutional rights. (Compl. ¶ 6.)
Plaintiff asks that this Court grant immediate injunctive relief against the Defendant "from having any and all contact and jurisdiction forbidden in reference to any and all custody of this Plaintiff and to forbid any and all imposition of any and all types of restraints in reference to this Plaintiff's liberty or to impose any conditions of restraint of Plaintiff's liberty." (Notice of Motion at 1.) Plaintiff also requests that this Court issue a preliminary injunction and temporary restraining order "prior to November 16, 2009, the maximum expiration of Plaintiff's ten-year sentence," (Notice of Motion at 4), as well as such other relief as this Court deems proper. Id.
Already pending before the Court is Plaintiff's 2005 habeas corpus proceeding brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Scalercio v. Massuca, No. 05-CV-1770 (filed April 8, 2005). In that case, Plaintiff contests the terms of his imprisonment and petitions this Court for a temporary restraining order to enjoin Respondents from enforcing any term of post-release supervision and "forbid any and all imposition of any and all type of restraints in reference to this petitioner's liberty or to impose any conditions in restraint of petitioner's liberty." Scalercio v. Massuca, No. 05-CV-1770 (motion filed March 4, 2009).
I. In Forma Pauperis Application is Granted
Upon review of Plaintiff's declaration in support of his application to proceed in forma pauperis, the Court determines that the Plaintiff's financial status qualifies him to commence this action without prepayment of the filing fees. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). Therefore, Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED.
II. Consolidation is Appropriate
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 42, "[i]f actions before the court involve a common question of law or fact, the court may: (1) join for hearing or trial any or all matters at issue in the actions; (2) consolidate the actions; or (3) issue any other orders to avoid unnecessary cost or delay." Fed. R. Civ. P. 42(a). The trial court has broad discretion to determine whether consolidation is appropriate. Johnson v. Celotex Corp., 899 F.2d 1281, 1284-85 (2d Cir. 1990). Moreover, a district court can consolidate related cases under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 42(a) sua sponte. Devlin v. Transp. Commc'ns Int'l Union, 175 F.3d 121, 130 (2d Cir. 1999).
Consolidation is appropriate in order to serve the interests of judicial economy. Jacobs v. Castillo, 09-CV-0953, 2009 WL 1203942 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2009) (citing Johnson v. Celotex Corp., 899 F.2d 1281, 1284 (2d Cir. 1990)). Specifically, consolidation of cases with common questions of law or fact is favored to avoid unnecessary costs or delay, Johnson, 899 F.2d at 1284, and to expedite trial and eliminate unnecessary repetition and confusion. Devlin, 175 F.3d at 130 (internal citations omitted). The paramount concern, however, is whether savings of expense and gains of efficiency can be accomplished without sacrifice of justice. Johnson, 899 F.2d at 1285 (considerations of convenience and economy must yield to a paramount concern for a fair and impartial trial).
The Second Circuit has long adhered to the first-filed doctrine in deciding which case to dismiss where there are competing litigations. Where there are several competing lawsuits, the first suit should have priority, absent the showing of balance of convenience or special circumstances giving priority to the second. Kellen Co. v. Calphalon Corp., 54 F. Supp. 2d 218, 221 (S.D.N.Y. 1999) (internal citations omitted); accord Adam v. Jacobs, 950 F.2d 89, 92 (2d Cir. 1991); First City Nat'l Bank & Trust Co. v. Simmons, 878 F.2d 76, 79 (2d Cir. 1989). The first-filed rule seeks to conserve judicial resources and avoid duplicative litigation. See Adam, 950 F.2d at 92; First City Nat'l Bank & Trust Co., 878 F.2d at 80; Kellen, 54 F. Supp. 2d at 221.
Here, both actions seek injunctive relief concerning the calculation of Plaintiff/Petitioner's sentence, as well as common questions of law and fact. Simply put, both actions request a temporary restraining order to enjoin ...