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People v. Mobley

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK APPELLATE DIVISION SECOND JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT


December 1, 2009

THE PEOPLE, ETC., RESPONDENT,
v.
REGINALD MOBLEY, APPELLANT.

Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the County Court, Orange County (Freehill, J.), rendered October 4, 2007, convicting him of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the third degree, upon his plea of guilty, and imposing sentence.

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

REINALDO E. RIVERA, J.P., JOSEPH COVELLO, DANIEL D. ANGIOLILLO, JOHN M. LEVENTHAL & SHERI S. ROMAN, JJ.

(Ind. No. 07-00340)

DECISION & ORDER

ORDERED that the judgment is reversed, on the law, the plea is vacated, and the matter is remitted to the County Court, Orange County, for further proceedings on the indictment.

In order to be valid, a plea of guilty must be knowing, voluntary, and intelligent (see People v Fiumefreddo, 82 NY2d 536, 543). Here, although the defendant's plea allocution clearly implicated an agency defense, the defendant was not advised that he had a possible defense to the charges (see People v Ortega, 53 AD3d 696, 696--697; People v Wolcott, 27 AD3d 774, 775), and he was never asked whether he had discussed possible defenses with his attorney (cf. People v Phillips, 28 AD3d 939, 940). Indeed, the court made no further inquiries into the facts and circumstances despite the defendant's statements which raised the possibility of an agency defense. Under these circumstances, the defendant's plea of guilty was not knowing, voluntary, and intelligent (see People v Rhodes, 62 AD3d 815).

RIVERA, J.P., COVELLO, ANGIOLILLO, LEVENTHAL and ROMAN, JJ., concur.

20091201

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