NEW YORK SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT
December 22, 2009
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
DENNIS E. PAIGE, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.
Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Michael J. Obus, J.), rendered September 20, 2006, as amended December 18, 2006, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of robbery in the first and second degrees, kidnapping in the second degree and criminal possession of stolen property in the fourth degree, and sentencing him, as a second felony offender, to an aggregate term of 16 years, unanimously affirmed.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Gonzalez, P.J., Tom, Sweeny, Freedman, Abdus-Salaam, JJ.
The court properly exercised its discretion in denying defendant's request for an adjournment for the purpose of attempting to locate a possible surrebuttal witness (see Matter of Anthony M., 63 NY2d 270, 283-284 ; People v Foy, 32 NY2d 473, 476 ). Defendant became aware of the People's expected rebuttal testimony five days earlier in the trial, but made no effort to locate the surrebuttal witness. Furthermore, defendant had no information about the witness except a first name and a tenuous means of contacting him. Accordingly, the likelihood that defendant could find the witness and bring him to court was speculative at best. Moreover, the value of this witness's proposed testimony was dubious, especially since it would have conflicted with the testimony of a witness defendant had already called. To the extent defendant is arguing that he had a constitutional right to an adjournment, that claim is unpreserved (see People v Lane, 7 NY3d 888, 889 ) and we decline to review it in the interest of justice. As an alternative holding, we also reject it on the merits (see Ungar v Sarafite, 376 US 575, 589 ).
Defendant did not preserve his claim that there was an insufficient foundation for testimony by a records custodian that cell phone records showed the probable location of defendant's phone at a time a particular call was made, and we decline to review it in the interest of justice. As an alternative holding, we conclude that the custodian testified to matters within her knowledge and experience. Trial counsel's failure to object did not deprive defendant of effective assistance. Counsel could have reasonably concluded that demanding more of a foundation would have had the counterproductive result of causing the People to elicit the same evidence in a manner more impressive to the jury.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
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