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Countrywide Home Loans Inc. v. Dombek

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK APPELLATE DIVISION SECOND JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT


December 22, 2009

COUNTRYWIDE HOME LOANS INC., PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
MICHAEL DOMBEK, DEFENDANT-RESPONDENT, MORTGAGE ELECTRONIC REGISTRATION SYSTEMS, INC., ETC., DEFENDANT-APPELLANT, ET AL., DEFENDANTS; RBC MORTGAGE COMPANY, NONPARTY-APPELLANT.

In an action to foreclose a mortgage, the defendant Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc., and the nonparty RBC Mortgage Company appeal, as limited by their brief, from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (Brandveen, J.), dated April 18, 2008, as granted those branches of the plaintiff's motion which were for summary judgment on the complaint and to strike the affirmative defense of equitable subrogation asserted in the answer, and denied their cross motion for summary judgment on the affirmative defense of equitable subrogation.

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

PETER B. SKELOS, J.P., RANDALL T. ENG, LEONARD B. AUSTIN and SHERI S. ROMAN, JJ.

(Index No. 12306/07)

DECISION & ORDER

ORDERED that the order is modified, on the law, by deleting the provisions thereof granting those branches of the plaintiff's motion which were for summary judgment on the complaint and to strike the affirmative defense of equitable subrogation asserted in the answer, and substituting therefor a provision denying those branches of the motion; as so modified, the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, without costs or disbursements.

On July 28, 2005, the defendant Michael Dombek gave a mortgage to the plaintiff, which was secured by certain real property. The mortgage was recorded on August 25, 2005, which was nine days after Dombek gave another mortgage secured by the same real property to the defendant Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc., as a nominee for the nonparty RBC Mortgage Company (hereinafter together the appellants), which mortgage was recorded on September 14, 2005. The proceeds of the appellants' mortgage were used to satisfy a prior and more senior purchase money mortgage given by Dombek First National Bank of Arizona in 2004, which mortgage the plaintiff also held by virtue of an assignment.

In this foreclosure action commenced by the plaintiff after Dombek defaulted under the July 2005 mortgage, the appellants contend that the doctrine of equitable subrogation applies so that their lien is to be given priority over the plaintiff's lien (see Bank One v Mon Leang, 38 AD3d 809, citing King v Pelkofski, 20 NY2d 326). Given the existence of triable issues of fact as to whether the appellants were on notice of the July 2005 mortgage at the time they executed their mortgage, the Supreme Court erred in granting those branches of the plaintiff's motion which were for summary judgment on the complaint and to strike the affirmative defense of equitable subrogation asserted in the answer (see King v Pelkofski, 20 NY2d 326; Roth v Porush, 281 AD2d 612; cf. LaSalle Bank Natl. Assn. v Ally, 39 AD3d 597).

SKELOS, J.P., ENG, AUSTIN and ROMAN, JJ., concur.

20091222

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