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JP Morgan Chase v. J.H. Electric of New York

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK APPELLATE DIVISION SECOND JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT


January 19, 2010

JP MORGAN CHASE, ETC., APPELLANT,
v.
J.H. ELECTRIC OF NEW YORK, INC., RESPONDENT.

In an action to recover damages for breach of contract, the plaintiff appeals from (1) an order of the Supreme Court, Suffolk County (Pitts, J.), dated January 20, 2009, which granted the defendant's motion to dismiss the complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7), and (2) a judgment of the same court entered March 30, 2009, which, upon the order, is in favor of the defendant and against it dismissing the complaint.

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

WILLIAM F. MASTRO, J.P., ANITA R. FLORIO, RUTH C. BALKIN & JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, JJ.

(Index No. 36304/07)

DECISION & ORDER

ORDERED that the appeal from the order is dismissed; and it is further, ORDERED that the judgment is reversed, on the law, the defendant's motion to dismiss the complaint is denied, the complaint is reinstated, and the order is modified accordingly; and it is further,

ORDERED that one bill of costs is awarded to the appellant.

The appeal from the intermediate order must be dismissed because the right of direct appeal therefrom terminated with the entry of judgment in the action (see Matter of Aho, 39 NY2d 241, 248). The issues raised on the appeal from the order are brought up for review and have been considered on the appeal from the judgment (see CPLR 5501[a][1]).

In 2007 the plaintiff, as assignee of the receivables of Hallmark Electrical Supplies Corp. (hereinafter Hallmark), commenced this action to recover damages in the sum of $108,323.01 based on accounts receivables for goods sold and delivered by Hallmark to the defendant. The defendant moved to dismiss the complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7) for failure to state a cause of action, asserting that the complaint was conclusory and legally insufficient, and the Supreme Court granted the motion. We reverse.

"On a motion to dismiss pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7), the court must afford the pleadings a liberal construction, accept the allegations of the complaint as true, and provide the plaintiff the benefit of every possible favorable inference" (Halliwell v Gordon, 61 AD3d 932, 933; see AG Capital Funding Partners, L.P. v State St. Bank & Trust Co., 5 NY3d 582, 591; Leon v Martinez, 84 NY2d 83, 87; Guggenheimer v Ginzburg, 43 NY2d 268, 275). The test to be applied is whether the complaint "gives sufficient notice of the transactions, occurrences, or series of transactions or occurrences intended to be proved and whether the requisite elements of any cause of action known to our law can be discerned from its averments" (Moore v Johnson, 147 AD2d 621, 621, quoting Pace v Perk, 81 AD2d 444, 449; see Conroy v Cadillac Fairview Shopping Ctr. Props. [Md.], 143 AD2d 726).

Applying these principles to the instant matter, we find that the complaint adequately alleges all of the essential elements of a cause of action to recover damages for breach of contract, to wit: the existence of a contract, the plaintiff's performance under the contract, the defendant's breach of that contract, and resulting damages (see Agway, Inc. v Curtin, 161 AD2d 1040, 1041; Furia v Furia, 116 AD2d 694, 695). Accordingly, the complaint sufficiently stated a cause of action to recover damages for breach of contract (see CPLR 3211[a][7]).

The defendant's remaining contention is not properly before this Court (see DiSanto v DiSanto, 29 AD3d 935).

MASTRO, J.P., FLORIO, BALKIN and LEVENTHAL, JJ., concur.

20100119

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