Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Shirman v. Lawal

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK APPELLATE DIVISION SECOND JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT


January 19, 2010

ELINA SHIRMAN, APPELLANT,
v.
GBEMISOLA R. LAWAL, ET AL., DEFENDANTS,
JOHN PABONE, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.

In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, the plaintiff appeals, as limited by her brief, from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Richmond County (Maltese, J.), dated August 27, 2008, as granted the motion of the defendant Oleg Pilyugin for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against him on the ground that she did not sustain a serious injury within the meaning of Insurance Law § 5102(d), and granted that branch of the separate motion of the defendant John Pabone which was for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against him on the ground that he was not at fault in the happening of the accident.

Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.

This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.

JOSEPH COVELLO, J.P., DANIEL D. ANGIOLILLO, RUTH C. BALKIN SANDRA L. SGROI, JJ.

(Index No. 102848/05)

DECISION & ORDER

ORDERED that the order is modified, on the law, by deleting the provision thereof granting the motion of the defendant Oleg Pilyugin for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against him, and substituting therefor a provision denying that motion; as so modified, the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, with one bill of costs to the respondent John Pabone payable by the plaintiff, and one bill of costs to the plaintiff payable by the respondent Oleg Pilyugin.

This action arises from a three-car, chain-collision accident which occurred on the Staten Island Expressway. It is undisputed that a motor vehicle operated by the defendant John Pabone was struck in the rear by a motor vehicle operated by the defendant Oleg Pilyugin and owned by the plaintiff Elina Shirman, who was a passenger. After joinder of issue, Pilyugin moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against him on the ground that the plaintiff did not sustain a serious injury within the meaning of Insurance Law § 5102(d), and Pabone separately moved, inter alia, for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against him on the ground that he was not at fault in the happening of the accident. Contrary to the determination of the Supreme Court, Pilyugin failed to meet his burden of showing that the plaintiff did not sustain a serious injury within the meaning of Insurance Law § 5102(d) (see Toure v Avis Rent A Car Sys. 98 NY2d 345; Gaddy v Eyler, 79 NY2d 955, 956-957; Walker v Public Adm'r of Suffolk County., 60 AD3d 757). With regard to range-of-motion testing performed on the plaintiff's lumbar spine, the movant's expert neurologist, Dr. Michael J. Carciente, indicated only that the straight leg maneuver was negative to "about 90 degrees in the sitting position," and failed to compare his finding to what is normal (see Walker v Public Adm'r of Suffolk County, 60 AD3d at 757; Malave v Basikov, 45 AD3d 539). Under these circumstances, it is not necessary to consider the sufficiency of the plaintiff's opposition to Pilyugin's motion (see Page v Belmonte, 45 AD3d 825; Tchjevskaia v Chase, 15 AD3d 389), and the Supreme Court should have denied Pilyugin's motion.

"A rear-end collision with a stopped or stopping vehicle creates a prima facie case of negligence with respect to the operator of the moving vehicle," and imposes a duty on the operator of the moving vehicle to come forward with an adequate non-negligent explanation for the accident (Smith v Seskin, 49 AD3d 628, 629). Here, Pabone made a prima facie showing of his entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by submitting evidence that his vehicle was struck in the rear by the vehicle operated by Pilyugin (see Arias v Rosario, 52 AD3d 551, 552). Under these circumstances, the assertion that the Pabone vehicle suddenly stopped was insufficient to rebut the presumption of negligence created by the rear-end collision. Thus, the plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact in opposition to Pabone's motion (see Arias v Rosario, 52 AD3d at 552-553), and the Supreme Court properly granted that branch of Pabone's motion which was for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against him.

COVELLO, J.P., ANGIOLILLO, BALKIN and SGROI, JJ., concur.

20100119

© 1992-2010 VersusLaw Inc.



Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.