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Signature Bank v. Chow Baby, LLC

Supreme Court, New York County

February 5, 2010

CHOW BABY, LLC and MICHELLE CHRISTMAN, Individually, Defendants Index No.107722/2009

Unpublished Opinion

RECEIVED NYSCEF: 02/09/2010, MOTION DATE Dec. 22, 2009



In this action to recover a balance due on a business revolving line of credit, plaintiff Signature Bank ("Signature Bank" or "plaintiff) moves for a default judgment as against defendant Chow Baby, LLC ("Chow Baby"). Defendant Michelle Christman ("Christman") is the guarantor of Chow Baby' s payment to Signature Bank under the line of credit agreement. The action as against Chritman is presently stayed pursuant to the Bankruptcy Code § 362 (a) due her filing of a petition for bankruptcy protection. The motion has been submitted without opposition.

On June 1, 2009, Signature Bank commenced the instant action by filing the summons and verified complaint by which it sought to recover the sum of $93, 359.48 alleged to be due on a revolving business line of credit, plus interest from April 20, 2009, costs and disbursements upon theories of breach of contract, unjust enrichment and an account stated.

The affidavit of service, annexed to the moving papers, indicates that service was effectuated upon Chow Baby on July 8, 2009, at 6:48 p.m., pursuant to CPLR § 311-a by delivering a copy of the summons and verified complaint to Michelle Christman, alleged to be Baby Chow's managing agent, at 204 Huntington Street, Apt. 3B, Brooklyn, New York 11231.

Defendant Baby Chow has neither appeared, nor answered the complaint within the time provided under the CPLR, nor has it obtained an order from the Court extending its time to do so.

In support of its motion for a default judgment, plaintiff submits an affirmation of counsel, Janelle B. Rosenbaum, Esq., an associate of Platzer, Swergold, Karlin, Levine, Goldberg & Jaslow, LLP, establishing the default, together with Exhibits consisting, inter alia, of the summons and verified complaint to which the business line of credit agreement and the guaranty, dated April 11, 2008, are annexed, the affidavit of service, and the statements of account from April 11, 2008 through September 30, 2009.

It is well settled that a party may obtain a default judgment against a defendant who fails to appear or answer (CPLR § 3215 [a]). On an application for a default judgment, the moving party must present proof of service of the summons and complaint, proof of the claim by a person with personal knowledge of the facts and proof of the default (see, CPLR §3215 [f]; Woodsen v Mendon Leasing Corp., 100 N.Y.2d 62, 70 [2003]).

Plaintiff has established that it properly effectuated service upon Chow Baby pursuant to CPLR § 311 (a) (1) by serving its authorized agent.

Having failed to answer the allegations of the complaint, the defendant is deemed to have admitted "all traversable allegations in the complaint, including the basic allegation of liability" (Curiale v Andra Ins. Co., 88 N.Y.2d 268, 279 [1996]). Nevertheless, in order to be entitled to a default judgment, plaintiff must allege enough facts to enable a court to determine whether the plaintiff has established, prima facie, entitlement to judgment (see, Woodson v Mendon Leasing Corp., 100 N.Y.2d 62, 71 [2003]; Al Fayed v Barak, 39 A.D.3d 371, 372 [1st Dept. 2007]; Dyno v Rose, 260 A.D.2d 694 [3d Dept. 1999]). If upon review of the facts proffered to establish the merits of a claim the court concludes that plaintiff has failed to establish a prima facie case, plaintiff is not entitled to a default judgment (see, Dyno v Rose, supra).

An account stated is predicated upon some indebtedness between the parties resulting from previous transactions with respect to the account items and the balance due or an express agreement between the parties to treat the statement as an account stated (see, Gurney, Becker & Bourne v Benderson Dev. Co., 47 N.Y.2d 995, 996 [1979]; Ryan Graphics v Bailin, 39 A.D.3d 249, 250 [1stDept. 2007]).

The allegations of the verified complaint which "may be used as the affidavit of the facts constituting the claim" (CPLR § 3215 [f]) are sufficient to make out the requisite elements of a cause of action for an account stated for purposes of entering a default against Chow Baby on the third cause of action alleged in the verified complaint. The receipt and retention of itemized bills for a sum certain without objection within a reasonable time gives rise to an actionable account stated (see, Zanani v Schvimmer, 50 A.D.3d 445, 446 [1st Dept. 2008]; Morrison Cohen Singer & Weinstein, LLP v Ackerman, 280 A.D.2d 355 [1st Dept.2001]; Shea & Gould v Burr, 194 A.D.2d 369 [1st Dept. 1993]). By failing to object, the recipient of the bill signifies that it agrees with the sender concerning the amount owed (id.). Here, plaintiff alleges that ...

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