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Garrido v. City of Glen Cove

March 1, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Seybert, District Judge


Plaintiffs Victorino Garrido and Gina Garrido ("Plaintiffs") commenced this entirely meritless action on November 16, 2005 against Defendants City of Glen Cove ("Glen Cove"), Neil McNaughton ("McNaughton"), Robert Benazzi ("Benazzi" and collectively with Glen Cove and McNaughton, the "Glen Cove Defendants"), James Phegley ("Phegley"), and Peter Albinski ("Albinski" and collectively with the Glen Cove Defendants and Phegley, the "Defendants"). On April 16, 2009, Plaintiffs filed their current motion to strike the Bill of Costs. For the reasons that follow, Plaintiffs' motion is DENIED.


Plaintiffs, Victorino and Gina Garrido, reside at 78 Walnut Road, Glen Cove. (Glen Cove Defs.' Am. R. 56.1 Stmt. & 1.) Mr. Garrido is originally from Spain and speaks Spanish. (Id. && 7-8.) Mrs. Garrido is originally from Columbia. (Id. & 10.) Plaintiffs' property is located directly adjacent to the property of the Glen Cove Christian Church ("Church"), which is not a party to this action. (Id. & 3.) The Church's Reverend, Defendant Phegley, and his wife, live in a house on the Church property next to Plaintiffs' property. (Id. & 11.) When Plaintiffs moved into their home in February 2001, the Church existed as well as a parking lot with 37 spaces. (Id. && 2, 4.)

In November 2003, the Church submitted an application to the Glen Cove Planning Board ("Planning Board") to expand the Church parking lot ("Project"). (Id. && 13, 35.) It is from the implementation of this Project, that Plaintiffs alleged violations of their Fourteenth Amendment due process and equal protection rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983, 1985, and 1986. Additionally, Plaintiffs alleged various state law claims against Phegley and Albinski.*fn2

In an Order dated September 26, 2008 ("September 2008 Order"), noting that Plaintiffs failed to put forth any evidence to support any of their claims, this Court granted Defendants' motions for summary judgment, dismissed all federal claims with prejudice, refused to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state claims, and dismissed the state claims without prejudice. The matter was then closed. Plaintiffs then appealed, but failed to comply with the directives of the Court of Appeals. Accordingly, the Second Circuit dismissed the appeal.

On January 30, 2009, Defendants submitted a Bill of Costs. Subsequently, a Bill of Costs conference call was held with all counsel present. On April 9, 2009, the Clerk of the Court taxed the Bill of Costs. Now, in an effort to further waste the resources of the Court and the Defendants, Plaintiffs have brought this motion to strike.


Rule 54 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in pertinent part:

(d) Costs; Attorney's Fees

(1) Costs Other Than Attorney's Fees

Unless a federal statute, these rules, or a court order provides otherwise, costs--other than attorney's fees--should be allowed to the prevailing party. But costs against the United States, its officers, and its agencies may be imposed only to the extent allowed by law. The clerk may tax costs on 14 days' notice. On motion served within the next 7 days, the court may review the clerk's action.

FED. R. CIV. P. 54(d)(1). Despite the language of Rule 54, however, the district court retains broad discretion on whether to tax costs against a losing party. See Crawford Fitting Co. v. J.T. Gibbons, Inc., 482 U.S. 437, 442, 107 S.Ct. 2494, 2497, 96 L.Ed. 2d 385 (1987); In re Air Crash Disaster at John F. Kennedy International Airport on June 24, 1975, 687 F.2d 626, 629 (2d Cir. 1982); Culp v. Zaccagnino, No. 96-CV-3280, 2000 WL 35861, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 18, 2000); Brodie v. Pressley, No. 95-CV-1197, 1999 WL 691960, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 7, 1999); DLC Management Corp. v. Town of Hyde Park, 45 F. Supp. 2d 312, 315 (S.D.N.Y. 1999); Bekiaris v. United States, No. 96-CV-0302, 1998 WL 734362, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 20, 1998); Lewis v. Keane, No. 96-CV-3867, 1998 WL 265127, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. May 26, 1998). The court need not award costs to the prevailing party if it finds that such an award would be inequitable. See Lewis, 1998 WL 265127, at *2. "Among the factors which may be considered in determining whether an award of costs would be inequitable are plaintiff's indigence or financial hardship and plaintiff's good faith in bringing the action." See Culp, 2000 WL 35861, at *1 (citing, for example, Waul v. Coughlin, No. 93-CV-0753, 1998 WL 898306, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 23, 1998); Lewis, 1998 WL 265127, at *2).

In support of their application, Plaintiffs state, in essence, that paying costs to Defendants would be an undue burden despite their (1) ability to pay their counsel thousands of dollars to prosecute this action, (2) ability to pay their counsel to bring a parallel litigation in state court, and (3) yearly income in excess of $100,000 and monthly income of $5,200. Moreover, Plaintiffs do not object to specific portions ...

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