UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
March 9, 2010
KENNETH A. MCCREADY, PLAINTIFF,
NATIONAL CREDIT SYSTEMS, INC., JOHN DOE 1 AND JOHN DOE 2, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: James C. Francis IV United States Magistrate Judge
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
In February 2009, the plaintiff in this action, Kenneth A. McCready, obtained a judgment against the defendant, National Credit Systems, Inc. ("National Credit"), in the amount of $1,406.00. When the defendant did not pay the judgment, Mr. McCready sought discovery, and by Order dated October 29, 2009, I directed National Credit to respond to the plaintiff's discovery requests by November 20, 2009. It did not do so, and Mr. McCready moved for an Order to Show Cause directing the defendant to demonstrate why it should not be held in contempt. By Order dated January 4, 2010 (the "January 4 Order"), I denied that motion on the ground that National Credit had dissolved and was no longer subject to suit, and I cited Vitabiotics, Ltd. v. Krupka, 606 F. Supp. 779, 785 (E.D.N.Y. 1984). Mr. McCready now moves to vacate the January 4 Order.*fn1
The plaintiff's argument is persuasive. Whatever vitality the Vitabiotics case may have had, it is no longer good law. New York Business Corporation Law ("BCL") provides that "[a dissolved] corporation may sue or be sued in all courts and participate in actions and proceedings...." BCL § 1006(a)(4). Furthermore, "[t]he dissolution of a corporation shall not affect any remedy available to or against such corporation, its directors, officers or shareholders for any right or claim existing or any liability incurred before such dissolution...." BCL § 1006(b). Cases decided after Vitabiotics uniformly follow these principles. See In re Grand Jury Subpoenas Issued to Thirteen Corporations, 775 F.2d 43, 47-48 (2d Cir. 1985) (holding that dissolved corporation must respond to subpoenas concerning pre-dissolution activity); New York v. Longboat, Inc., 140 F. Supp. 2d 174, 177 (N.D.N.Y. 2001) (dissolved corporation subject to suit under CERCLA); Linzner v. EMI Blackwood Music, Inc., 904 F. Supp. 207, 213 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) (corporation that has ceased to exist may be sued for pre-dissolution conduct); Flute v. Rubel, 682 F. Supp. 184, 187 (S.D.N.Y. 1988) (same).
Mr. McCready is therefore entitled to the relief he seeks. The January 4 Order is vacated, and an Order to Show Cause will issue separately. This resolves the motion identified as docket No. 22.