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Butler v. Martin

March 14, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Scullin, Senior Judge



In his complaint, Plaintiff generally alleges that Defendant Martin and other unidentified Corrections Officers assaulted him on May 3, 2007, while he was incarcerated at Upstate Correctional Facility. See, generally, Dkt. No. 1.

On September 26, 2008, Defendant Martin filed a motion for summary judgment on the ground that Plaintiff had not exhausted his administrative remedies as the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PLRA") required him to do prior to commencing this action. See Dkt. No. 56. Plaintiff filed papers in opposition to that motion, see Dkt. No. 58, and Defendant Martin filed a reply in further support of his motion, see Dkt. No. 60.

In a Report-Recommendation and Order dated August 7, 2009, Magistrate Judge Lowe recommended that this Court grant Defendant Martin's motion and that the Court sua sponte dismiss Defendant John Doe from this action due to Plaintiff's failure to timely name and/or serve him. See Dkt. No. 70 at 2. Plaintiff filed a timely objection to those recommendations. See Dkt. No. 71.


In reviewing a magistrate judge's report-recommendation, the district court may decide to accept, reject or modify those recommendations. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The court conducts a de novo review of the portions of the magistrate judge's recommendations to which a party objects. See Pizarro v. Bartlett, 776 F. Supp. 815, 817 (S.D.N.Y. 1991). De novo review is not required, however, if a party fails to file specific objections. See Wilds v. United Parcel Serv., 262 F. Supp. 2d 163, 169 (S.D.N.Y. 2003). Nor is a court required to conduct de novo review where the parties' objections to the magistrate judge's recommendations repeat the arguments that the parties made in the original pleadings. See Edwards v. Fischer, 414 F. Supp. 2d 342, 346-47 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) (citations omitted).

In the present case, Plaintiff's objections repeat the same arguments that he made in opposition to Defendant Martin's motion for summary judgment, i.e., that he tried to exhaust his administrative remedies by filing a grievance but that an unidentified corrections officer or officers tossed the grievance. See Dkt. No. 71 at ¶ 3. In addition, with respect to Magistrate Judge Lowe's recommendation that the Court dismiss the claims against Defendant John Doe, Plaintiff merely argues that he identified Defendant John Doe as J. Desotelle but that the Court struck the document in which he did so. See id. at ¶ 2.

As Magistrate Judge Lowe noted, the PLRA requires that "[n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under § 1983... by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted." 42 U.S.C. § 1997e. In his Report-Recommendation and Order, Magistrate Judge Lowe correctly applied the Second Circuit's three-part inquiry for analyzing a defendant's claim that a plaintiff has failed to exhaust the available administrative remedies and concluded that, because "there [was] no genuine issue as to any material fact regarding Plaintiff's failure to exhaust his available administrative remedies," the Court should grant Defendant Martin's motion for summary judgment. See Dkt. No. 70 at 6-10.

Having reviewed the entire record, including Plaintiff's objections to Magistrate Judge Lowe's recommendations, the Court concludes that Plaintiff has come forward with no evidence to dispute Defendant Martin's documentary proof that Plaintiff failed to exhaust the administrative remedies that were available to him despite being provided with numerous opportunities, including an extension of time, to do so.*fn1


After carefully reviewing the entire file in this matter, including Magistrate Judge Lowe's Report-Recommendation and Order dated August 7, 2009, Plaintiff's objections thereto, and the applicable law, and for the above-stated reasons, the Court hereby

ORDERS that Magistrate Judge Lowe's August 7, 2009 Report-Recommendation and Order is ...

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