Order, Supreme Court, New York County (Walter B. Tolub, J.), entered September 26, 2008, which, in an action alleging unlawful discrimination and retaliatory discharge, granted so much of defendants' motion as sought to dismiss the complaint on res judicata grounds and denied that portion of the motion seeking an award of costs and attorneys' fees, unanimously modified, on the law, the motion to dismiss denied and the complaint reinstated, and otherwise affirmed, without costs.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Friedman, J.P., Moskowitz, Renwick, Freedman, RomÁn, JJ.
This is one of a series of proceedings that plaintiff, an obstetrician and gynecologist, has brought in connection with the suspension of his staff privileges at the defendant hospital for, among other things, allegedly misusing labor-inducing drugs on patients, and his subsequent termination from the medical staff for, among other things, violating a stipulation that had partially lifted his suspension. In 2005, plaintiff brought an action for money damages against defendants and others in the Southern District of New York, alleging federal claims for violation of the Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 (42 USC § 11101 et seq.) and the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (18 USC §§ 1341, 1343 and 1347), as well as state common-law claims for defamation and fraud*fn1. The federal court dismissed the action on alternative grounds. First, the court applied the doctrine of primary jurisdiction and held that plaintiff first should have presented his claims, which involved reviewing medical data, to the New York City Public Health Council (PHC) because of its expertise in that area (Bauman v Mount Sinai Hosp., 452 F Supp 2d 490, 499-501 [SD NY 2006])*fn2. Second, the court, after reviewing the factual allegations in the case, held that "assuming the doctrine of primary jurisdiction is inapplicable, I consider plaintiffs' claims on the merits and conclude that they are without merit" (id at 499).
In this action, plaintiff asserts claims for discrimination and retaliation under New York City Administrative Code § 8-107, alleging that his suspension and termination were motivated by bias against his and his patients' creed. Supreme Court granted defendants' motion to dismiss, concluding, based on the federal action, that this action was barred by res judicata. While the claims in the federal action and this action arise out of the same events and plaintiff could have asserted his current claims before the federal court (see O'Brien v City of Syracuse, 54 NY2d 353, 357-358 ), the federal dismissal does not operate as a bar here. That court's ruling on the merits does not have preclusive effect because its alternative ground for dismissal (primary jurisdiction) did not go to the merits, and standing alone, would not have res judicata effect (see Restatement [Second] of Judgments § 20, Comment e; see also Tydings v Greenfield, Stein & Senior, LLP, 11 NY3d 195, 199 ). Moreover, if the alternative ground had been preclusive, plaintiff should not have been directed to go to the PHC.
Plaintiff's commencement of this action did not constitute "frivolous conduct" within the meaning of 22 NYCRR 130-1.1.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE ...