Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Michael J. Obus, J.), rendered October 12, 2007, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of murder in the second degree, criminal possession of a weapon in the second degree, and five counts of tampering with physical evidence, and sentencing him, as a second felony offender, to an aggregate term of 27 years to life, unanimously affirmed.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Andrias, J.P., Friedman, Catterson, McGuire, RomÁn, JJ.
We need not determine whether the court properly charged the jury on accessorial liability (Penal Law § 20.00). Even assuming the court erred, where there are two grounds on which the jury could have reached its verdict, and one but not the other of those grounds lacks support in the evidence, it is presumed that the jury reached its determination upon the factually sufficient ground (see People v Giordano, 87 NY2d 441, 451 ; People v Hinckson, 266 AD2d 404 , lv denied 95 NY2d 798 ).
Defendant's claim that the accomplice liability instruction improperly amended the indictment, and all of his constitutional claims, are unpreserved and we decline to review them in the interest of justice. As an alternative holding, we also reject them on the merits.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
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