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Crever v. Commissioner of Social Security

May 18, 2010

RONALD C. CREVER, PLAINTIFF,
v.
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: David R. Homer U.S. Magistrate Judge

REPORT-RECOMMENDATION AND ORDER*fn1

Plaintiff pro se Ronald Crever ("Crever") brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) seeking review of a decision by the Commissioner of Social Security ("Commissioner") denying his request for waiver of recovery of an overpayment of disability insurance benefits under the Social Security Act. Compl. (Dkt. No. 1). The Commissioner moves for dismissal pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Dkt. No. 14. Crever has failed to respond. For the reasons which follow, it is recommended that the Commissioner's motion be granted and the complaint dismissed.

I. Procedural History

On June 11, 1996, Crever filed an application for disability insurance benefits pursuant to the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 401 et seq, which was subsequently awarded. Herbst Decl. (Dkt. No. 14-5) ¶3(a). On April 30, 2004, Crever was issued a Notice of Overpayment ("Notice"), explaining that the Commissioner had determined that his disability had ended and he was no longer entitled to receive benefits after January 2000. Id. ¶ 3(a), Ex. 1 at 5-7. Crever filed a request for a waiver of overpayment, which was denied on April 2, 2005. Id. ¶ 3(a), Ex. 2 at 8-9. An additional Notice was issued on May 23, 2005, explaining that Crever's request for waiver was denied based upon income reports discovered regarding Crever's self employment, and advising Crever that "[i]f [he] disagree[d] in any way with this determination, [he had] the right, within [sixty] days of the date [he] receive[d] th[e] notice, [or within the extended time period if an extension was granted,] to request that the determination be reviewed by an administrative law judge . . . ." Id. ¶ 3(a), Ex. 3 at 10-11.

On April 22, 2006, Crever submitted a letter stating "that he had missed the deadline to request a hearing because he had asked many times for a hearing but for some reason it had never happened." Herbst Decl. ¶ 3(b), Ex. 4 at 14-15. Crever sent at least one additional request for a hearing on September 28, 2007. Compl. at 8.

On December 31, 2007, the Social Security Administration contacted Crever with an informational letter "about the hearing process and things that you should do now to prepare for the hearing." Compl. at 3.*fn2

On January 11, 2008, an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") dismissed Crever's request for the hearing as untimely because Crever failed to abide by the sixty day time limit outlined in the Notice. Herbst Decl., Ex. 4 at 12-15. Additionally, the ALJ found Crever's excuse for failing to timely file his request insufficient to establish good cause for the delay. Id., Ex. 4 at 15. On February 11, 2008, Crever filed a Request for Review of the Hearing Decision which was subsequently denied by the Appeals Council on March 26, 2008. Id. ¶ 3(c), Ex. 5 at 16-17; Compl. at 2. This action followed.

II. Discussion

"A case is properly dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under Rule 12(b)(1) when the district court lacks the statutory or constitutional power to adjudicate it." Makarova v. United States, 201 F.3d 110, 113 (2d Cir. 2000) (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1)). "Subject-matter jurisdiction cannot be forfeited or waived and should be considered when fairly in doubt." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1945 (2009) (citations omitted).

The United States, as a sovereign entity, is immune from suit pursuant to the terms of the Eleventh Amendment unless it consents to suit and the consent includes the jurisdiction of the court presiding over the suit. Makarova, 201 F.3d at 113 (citations omitted). "The doctrine of sovereign immunity is jurisdictional . . . and therefore to prevail, the plaintiff bears the burden of establishing that h[is] claims fall within the applicable waiver." Id. (citations omitted). In the case at bar, the express Congressional consent to suit can be found at 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), which authorizes judicial review of cases arising under Title XVI of the Social Security Act. Section 405(g) provides:

Any individual, after any final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security made after a hearing to which he was a party, irrespective of the amount in controversy, may obtain a review of such decision by a civil action commenced within sixty days after the mailing to him of notice of such decision or within such further time as the Commissioner of Social Security may allow. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). It is clear from the statute that judicial review is only permitted in accordance with the terms therein:

The findings and decision of the Commissioner of Social Security after a hearing shall be binding upon all individuals who were parties to such hearing. No findings of fact or decision of the Commissioner of Social Security shall be reviewed by any person, tribunal, or governmental agency except as herein provided. No action against the United States, the Commissioner of Social Security, or any officer or employee thereof shall be brought under section 1331 or 1346 of Title 28 to recover on any claim arising under this subchapter. 42 U.S.C. § 405(h).

Thus, the waiver of subject matter jurisdiction is clearly limited to agency action which is a "final decision of the Commissioner . . . made after a hearing . . . ." 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). In order to satisfy the administrative review process, making judicial review possible, a claimant must follow the three or four step process outlined in 20 C.F.R. § 404.900(a)*fn3 . See also Califano v. Sanders, 430 U.S. 99, 102 (1977) ("The Act and regulations thus create an orderly administrative mechanism, with district court review of the final decision of the [Commissioner]. . . ."). If the claimant fails to pursue these administrative rights, the administrative determination becomes binding. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.905, 404.921, 404.955, 404.981. Ordinarily, a claimant must exercise his rights under the administrative appeals structure within a specified time frame. 20 C.F.R. § 404.900(a). However, upon a showing of good cause, an extension of time can be granted. Id. §§ 404.909(b), 404.911, 404.933(c), 404.968(b), 404.982.

In this case, Crever received his Notice, unsuccessfully appealed the Notice for reconsideration, and then failed to submit a timely request for an administrative hearing. As Crever failed to satisfy all the steps outlined in 20 C.F.R. ยง 404.900(a), as evidenced by only getting so far as requesting a hearing with ...


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