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Brown v. LaValley

June 24, 2010

KENNETH BROWN, PETITIONER,
v.
THOMAS LAVALLEY, SUPERINTENDENT, GREAT MEADOW CORRECTIONAL FACILITY, AND ANDREW CUOMO, ATTORNEY GENERAL OF NEW YORK STATE, RESPONDENTS.



PETITIONER'S MEMORANDUM OF LAW IN SUPPORT OF PETITION FOR A WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ............................................................................................. iii

PRELIMINARY STATEMENT ........................................................................................1

QUESTION PRESENTED..................................................................................................2

INTRODUCTION ...............................................................................................................2

STATEMENT OF FACTS ..................................................................................................4

Pre-Trial Proceedings...............................................................................................4

The Trial...................................................................................................................4

The People's Case........................................................................................4

The Defense Case ........................................................................................8

Summations..................................................................................................9

Jury Instructions and Verdict .....................................................................10

State Appellate Proceedings ......................................................................11

ARGUMENT

THE STATE COURT UNREASONABLY APPLIED STRICKLAND V. WASHINGTON, 466 U.S. 668 (1984), IN CONCLUDING THAT PETITIONER WAS NOT DEPRIVED OF THE EFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL, WHERE COUNSEL REPEATEDLY CONCEDED IN SUMMATION THAT A BURGLARY HAD TAKEN PLACE AND FAILED TO OBJECT TO THE COURT'S INSTRUCTION MISTAKENLY DEFINING UNLAWFUL ENTRY WHERE PETITIONER HAD BEEN INVITED ONTO THE PREMISES AND NO UNLAWFUL ENTRY HAD OCCURRED. U.S. CONST., AMENDS. VI, XIV. .................................13

A. The Strickland two-prong test..............................................................16

1. The Strickland performance prong ................................................17

(i) Conceding burglary violated the performance prong of Strickland ................................................................................21

(ii) Failure to object to the erroneous unlawful entry instruction was equally unreasonable ....................................22

2. The Strickland Prejudice prong ...........................................................23

B. The State court's rejection of the ineffective assistance of counsel claim was an unreasonable application of Strickland...........24

CONCLUSION..................................................................................................................26

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

FEDERAL CASES

Allen v. U.S., 164 U.S. 492 (1896)....................................................................................11

Bell v. Cone, 535 U.S. 685 (2002).....................................................................................15

Bell v. Miller, 500 F. 3d 149 (2d Cir. 2007)......................................................................17

Cox v. Donnelly, 387 F. 3d 193 (2d Cir. 2004)..................................................... 17, 23-24

Eze v. Senkowski, 321 F.3d 110 (2d Cir. 2003) .......................................................... 15-17

Francis S. v. Stone, 221 F.3d at 110 ..................................................................................24

Hemstreet v. Greiner, 491 F. 3d 84 (2d Cir. 2007)...................................................... 24-25

Henry v. Poole, 409 F. 3d 48 (2d Cir. 2005) ...............................................................15, 24

Kimmelman v. Morrison, 477 U.S. 365 (1986).................................................................16

Lindstadt v. Keane, 239 F.3d 191 (2d Cir. 2001) ........................................................16, 23

Lockyer v. Andrade, 583 U.S. 63 (2003)...........................................................................14

Palacios v. Burge, 589 F. 3d 556 (2d Cir. 2009) ...............................................................15

Sandstrom v. Montana, 442 U.S. 510 (1979) ..............................................................17, 23

Sellan v. Kuhlman, 261 F.3d 303 (2d Cir. 2001)...............................................................14

Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668 (1984) ........................................................

Passim Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362 (2000) ...


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