UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
July 2, 2010
ENGINEERS JOINT WELFARE FUND, BY DANIEL P. HARRIGAN, AS ADMINISTRATOR; ENGINEERS JOINT PENSION FUND, BY DANIEL P. HARRIGAN, AS ADMINISTRATOR; ENGINEERS JOINT SUPPLEMENTAL UNEMPLOYMENT FUND, BY DANIEL P. HARRIGAN, AS ADMINISTRATOR; ENGINEERS JOINT TRAINING FUND, BY DANIEL P. HARRIGAN, AS ADMINISTRATOR; OPERATING ENGINEERS LOCAL 17 TRAINING FUND, BY JAMES SMOLINSKI, AS ADMINISTRATOR; CENTRAL PENSION FUND OF THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS AND PARTICIPATING EMPLOYERS, BY MICHAEL R. FANNING, AS CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER; INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS, LOCAL UNION NO. 17, BY ALAN PERO, AS INTERNATIONAL REPRESENTATIVE; INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS; LOCAL UNION NO. 545, BY THERON HOGLE, AS BUSINESS MANAGER; AND INTERNATIONAL UNION OPERATING ENGINEERS, LOCAL UNION NO. 832, BY THOMAS E. CHARLES, AS BUSINESS MANAGER, PLAINTIFFS,
WESTERN NEW YORK CONTRACTORS, INC.; AND ROBERT A. VALERINO, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS AN OFFICER OF WESTERN NEW YORK CONTRACTORS, INC., DEFENDANTS,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Glenn T. Suddaby, United States District Judge
DECISION and ORDER
Currently pending before the Court in this Employee Retirement Income Security Act ("ERISA") action filed by the ten above-captioned unions and union trust funds ("Plaintiffs") against Western New York Contractors, Inc. and Robert A. Valerino ("Defendants") is Plaintiffs' motion for partial default judgment. (Dkt. No. 1.) For the reasons stated below, Plaintiffs' motion is granted in part, and denied in part without prejudice.
I. RELEVANT BACKGROUND
A. Plaintiffs' Complaint
Liberally construed, Plaintiffs' Complaint asserts the following claims against Defendants: (1) violation of 29 U.S.C. §1145; (2) violation of 29 U.S.C. §1104; (3) violation of 29 U.S.C. §1106; and (4) violation of 29 U.S.C. §1109.*fn1 (See generally Dkt. No. 1.) Generally, in support of those claims, Plaintiffs' Complaint alleges as follows: (1) Defendants failed to make contributions to various union pension plans; (2) Defendants failed to timely remit contributions and deductions; (3) Defendants impermissibly used the assets and interest of Plaintiffs' fiduciaries, participants and beneficiaries; and (4) Defendants have continuously failed to comply with their obligations to Plaintiffs, despite Plaintiffs' demand for compliance. (Id.)
B. Plaintiffs' Service of Complaint and Defendants' Answer
On April 15, 2009, Plaintiffs properly served their Complaint on each Defendant. (Dkt. No. 5, 6.) On May 8, 2009, Defendants filed an Answer to Plaintiffs' Complaint. (Dkt. No. 7.)
On December 24, 2009, Defendant Valerino' attorney, Ralph Horton, filed a letter with the Court indicating, inter alia, that Defendant Valerino consented to the entry of default judgment against him. (Dkt. No. 19.)
C. Clerk's Office's Entry of Default
On January 4, 2010, Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles issued a Report-Recommendation recommending that (1) Defendant Valerino's Answer be stricken from the record, and (2) the Clerk of the Court enter default against Defendant Valerino. (Dkt. No. 20.) On March 12, 2012, this Court accepted and adopted Magistrate Judge Peebles' Report-Recommendation in its entirety. (Dkt. No. 21.) On that same day, the Clerk of the Court entered default against Defendant Valerino, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(a). (Dkt. No. 22.)
D. Plaintiffs' Motion for Partial Default Judgment and Defendants' Non-Response
On March 18, 2010, Plaintiffs filed a motion for partial default judgment against Defendant Valerino, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b). (Dkt. No. 23.)*fn2 As of the date of this Decision and Order, Defendant Valerino has filed no response to that motion. (See generally Docket Sheet.)
Generally, in support of their motion for partial default judgment, Plaintiffs argue as follows: (1) a delay in allowing Plaintiffs to enforce their claim and to collect the debt may result in the debt being uncollectible; (2) Defendant Valerino, as a corporate officer and fiduciary of Defendant Western New York Contractors, Inc., is individually liable for failing to deliver contributions; (3) Defendant Valerino is contractually obligated to pay interest, liquidated damages and attorneys' fees and costs in connection with the late payment of contributions, regardless of whether those contributions are paid prior to or subsequent to commencement of a lawsuit; and (4) Plaintiffs are statutorily entitled to an award of the attorneys' fees and costs incurred in connection with the collection of the fringe benefit contributions and deductions. (Dkt. No. 23, Attach. 32.) Familiarity with the particular grounds for Plaintiffs' motion for partial default judgment against Defendant Valerino is assumed in this Decision and Order, which is intended primarily for review of the parties.
II. RELEVANT LEGAL STANDARD
"Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55 provides a two-step process that the Court must follow before it may enter a default judgment against a defendant." Robertson v. Doe, 05-CV-7046, 2008 WL 2519894, at *3 (S.D.N.Y. June 19, 2008). "First, under Rule 55(a), when a party fails to 'plead or otherwise defend . . . the clerk must enter the party's default.'" Robertson, 2008 WL 2519894, at *3 (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 55[a]). "Second, pursuant to Rule 55(b)(2), the party seeking default judgment is required to present its application for entry of judgment to the court." Id. "Notice of the application must be sent to the defaulting party so that it has an opportunity to show cause why the court should not enter a default judgment." Id. (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 55[b]). "When an action presents more than one claim for relief . . . , the court may direct entry of a final judgment as to one or more, but fewer than all, claims or parties . . . if the court expressly determines that there is no just reason for delay." Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b).
When a court considers a motion for the entry of a default judgment, it must "accept[ ] as true all of the factual allegations of the complaint . . . ." Au Bon Pain Corp. v. Artect, Inc., 653 F.2d 61, 65 (2d Cir. 1981) (citations omitted). "However, the court cannot construe the damages alleged in the complaint as true." Eng'rs Joint Welfare, Pension, Supplemental Unemployment Benefit and Training Funds v. Catone Constr. Co., Inc., 08-CV-1048, 2009 WL 4730700, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Dec. 4, 2009) (Scullin, J.) (citing Credit Lyonnais Sec. (USA), Inc. v. Alcantara, 183 F.3d 151, 155 [2d Cir. 1999] [citations omitted]). "Rather, the court must 'conduct an inquiry in order to ascertain the amount of damages with reasonable certainty.'" Eng'rs Joint Welfare, Pension, Supplemental Unemployment Benefit and Training Funds, 2009 WL 4730700, at *2 (quoting Alcantara, 183 F.3d at 155 [citation omitted]). This inquiry "involves two tasks:  determining the proper rule for calculating damages on such a claim, and  assessing plaintiff's evidence supporting the damages to be determined under this rule." Alcantara, 183 F.3d at 155. Finally, in calculating damages, the court "need not agree that the alleged facts constitute a valid cause of action . . . ." Au Bon Pain, 653 F.2d at 65 (citation omitted).
After carefully considering Plaintiffs' unopposed motion, the Court is satisfied that Plaintiffs have met their modest threshold burden of establishing entitlement to partial default judgment against Defendants on the issue of liability, under the circumstances.*fn3 The Court notes that Plaintiffs' motion would survive even the heightened scrutiny appropriate on a contested motion.
For example, for the reasons stated above in Part I of this Decision and Order, the Court finds that due notice of this action has been given to Defendants. However, no Answer has been filed and no one has appeared on behalf of Defendants. Finally, the Clerk has already entered default against Defendants, and Plaintiffs have served Defendants with their motion for the issuance of default judgment. However, Defendants have still neither responded to the motion nor appeared in this action.
For each of these alternative reasons, the Court grants Plaintiffs' motion for the issuance of partial default judgment on the issue of liability pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b).
1. Unpaid Contributions, Interest, Liquidated Damages and Audit Fees
After carefully considering Plaintiffs' unopposed motion, the Court is satisfied that Plaintiffs' have met their burden of establishing a valid basis for the damages they seek with regard to unpaid contributions, interest, liquidated damages and audit fees, under the circumstances. The Court notes that, while a hearing to fix the amount of damages may be conducted,*fn4 a hearing is not required where the Court has found that there is a basis for the damages specified in the default judgment.*fn5 Here, the Court has made such a finding.
For example, in support of their damages request, Plaintiffs have provided ten (10) affidavits and twenty-one (21) exhibits showing that Defendants are indebted to Plaintiffs in the sum of $122,900.69. More specifically, this sum consists of $21,162.62 in fringe benefit contributions, $38,241.27 in interest (through March 31, 2010), $56,970.65 in liquidated damages, and $6,526.15 in audit fees.
Therefore, the Court concludes that Plaintiffs have met their burden of establishing a valid basis for the damages, and that default judgment against Defendant Valerino, awarding Plaintiffs $122,900.69 in damages, is appropriate.*fn6
2. Attorney's and Paralegal Fees and Costs
Pursuant to 29 U.S.C. §1132(g)(2), Plaintiffs are entitled to attorney's fees and costs incurred in collecting the amounts that Defendants owe them.*fn7 However, the Court may award only reasonable fees, to be determined, among other things, based on a reasonable hourly rate. See, e.g., Eng'rs Joint Welfare, Pension, Supplemental Unemployment Benefit and Training Funds, 2009 WL 4730700, at *3-4; see also Arbor Hill Concerned Citizens Neighborhood Ass'n v. County of Albany, 522 F.3d 182, 186-90 (2d Cir. 2008) (noting that the district court has "considerable discretion" in determining the presumptively reasonable fee, but that it should "bear in mind all of the case-specific variables that [the Second Circuit] and other courts have identified as relevant to the reasonableness of attorneys' fees in setting a reasonable hourly rate").
Plaintiffs seek attorneys' fees at the rate of $235.00 per hour for the work that their attorneys performed in this action during 2008, $247.00 per hour for the work that their attorneys performed in this action during 2009, and $252.00 per hour for the work their attorneys performed in this action during 2010. (Dkt. No. 23, Attach. 31, at 37.) In addition, Plaintiffs seek fees for the work that two paralegals performed in this action at the rate of $128.00 per hour for their work in 2008, $134.00 per hour for their work in 2009, and $137.00 per hour for their work in 2010. (Id.) Based on these rates, Plaintiffs seek attorney's fees in the amount of $23,994.48. (Id.)*fn8 Finally, Plaintiffs seek costs in the amount of $3,556.48. (Id.)
In Eng'rs Joint Welfare, Pension, Supplemental Unemployment Benefit and Training Funds, a case that is factually similar to the current action,*fn9 Senior United States District Judge Frederick J. Scullin, Jr., of this District, analyzed recent ERISA collection actions as well as the Johnson factors, and determined the reasonable hourly rates for attorneys and paralegals in ERISA collection actions in the Northern District of New York.*fn10
More specifically, Judge Scullin concluded "that the reasonable hourly rate for an attorney . . . in this community who litigates cases such as this one, particularly where Defendant has defaulted, is $210.00 . . . [and] the reasonable hourly rate for the work of paralegals . . . is $80 per hour. Id. at *18-19.*fn11 This Court adopts the conclusion reached by Judge Scullin.*fn12 Therefore, the Court finds that Plaintiffs' attorney is entitled to the rate of $210.00 per hour and a rate of $80 per hour for any work done by a paralegal.
In addition, as in Eng'rs Joint Welfare, Pension, Supplemental Unemployment Benefit and Training Funds, the Court questions whether some of the entries in the records that Plaintiffs submitted are related to this action or whether they are related to other actions involving the same parties. By way of example, the Court is concerned with the following entries:
Date Employee Hours Amount Description 12/29/2008 JAC 0.40 94.00 Drafted letter to Monroe County Water
Authority providing breakdown of monies due on defendants' Spencerport and Irondequoit Water Main Projects; Drafted letter to Attorney Agostinelli advising of monies due on defendants' Walmart job and requesting payment and advising of audit status
3/18/2009 LLD 0.25 33.50 Drafted Release and Partial Assignment on the Walmart project
4/02/2009 AAR 0.75 100.50 Drafted Penn Yan bond foreclosure
Summons and Complaint, Index Number
Application and Certificate of Service; Prepared project chart 4/06/2009 JAC 0.20 49.40 Communicated with Attorney Lankford regarding settlement of action and terms of settlement These are only a few examples of the entries that the Court finds questionable.
Furthermore, some entries appear to include some tasks that are related to this action and other tasks that are not. In light of the problems with these time records, the Court is unable to determine the number of hours that Plaintiffs' attorney and the paralegals expended on this matter. Therefore, the Court denies Plaintiffs' request for attorney's fees without prejudice and directs the Plaintiffs' counsel to file contemporaneous time records that accurately reflect the amount of time expended on this matter.
Plaintiffs are also entitled to recover the costs associated with this litigation, including copying costs, facsimile costs, filing fees, postage and delivery costs, costs associated with services of the summons and complaint, and computer research costs. In their submission, Plaintiffs state that they have expended $3,556.48 on such items. The Court, however, is hesitant to award costs for these items because it suspects that these items may suffer from the same problem as the contemporaneous time records.*fn13 Therefore, the Court denies Plaintiffs' request for costs without prejudice and directs Plaintiffs' counsel to file a document that accurately depicts the expenses incurred in this matter.
ACCORDINGLY, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiffs' motion for entry of partial default judgment against Defendant Valerino with regard to Plaintiffs' First, Second, Fourth and Fifth Causes of Action (Dkt. No. 23) is GRANTED with respect to liability; and it is further
ORDERED that Plaintiffs' motion for entry of a default judgment against Defendant Valerino with regard to Plaintiffs' First, Second, Fourth and Fifth Causes of Action (Dkt. No. 23) is DENIED without prejudice with respect to damages; and it is further ORDERED that, within THIRTY (30) DAYS of the date of this Decision and Order,
Plaintiffs' counsel shall file documentation, including contemporaneous time records and expense calculations, that accurately reflect the hours that Plaintiffs' counsel and the paralegals expended on this action and the expenses incurred herein;*fn14 and it is further
ORDERED that the Court shall retain jurisdiction in this matter to enter judgment against Defendant Western New York Contractors, Inc. in the event that its Chapter 7 bankruptcy proceeding is dismissed or closed by the Bankruptcy Court.