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Williams v. Drown

July 26, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Randolph F. Treece United States Magistrate Judge


Pro se Plaintiff Leroy Williams brings this civil rights Complaint, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging Defendant C. Drown violated his constitutional due process rights when he presided over a Tier III Disciplinary Hearing conducted at Clinton Correctional Facility on March 29, 2005. Additionally, affording a liberal construction of Plaintiff's claims, it appears that Plaintiff challenges the conditions of his confinement in a special housing unit (SHU) at Upstate Correctional Facility, stemming from the disciplinary sentence doled out by Drown, as violating the Eighth Amendment.

Currently pending is Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment, Dkt. No. 24, and Plaintiff's Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment, Dkt. Nos. 29-30. For the reasons stated below we recommend granting Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment and denying Plaintiff's Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment.


At all times relevant to the events complained of in this action, Williams was an inmate in the custody of the New York State Department of Correctional Services. Dkt. No. 24-1, Def.'s 7.1 Statement at ¶ 1. In March 2005, Plaintiff was incarcerated at Clinton Correctional Facility. Id. After conducting a security investigation, Sergeant Douglas*fn2 identified Williams as the author of two anonymous letters that had been sent to Nancy Ratcliff, a civilian Inmate Grievance Program Supervisor. Id. at ¶ 3. The letters described sexual acts and contained solicitations for sexual acts. Id. at ¶ 4. As a result of the investigation, Sergeant Douglas issued Plaintiff a misbehavior report charging him with violating prison rules 101.10*fn3 (soliciting sexual act) and 107.11 (harassment).

Id. at ¶ 2.

On March 29, 2005, a Tier III Disciplinary Hearing commenced with Defendant Drown presiding as Hearing Officer. Id. at ¶ 8. Williams pled "not guilty" to the charges. Id. at ¶ 10. On that same date, Defendant Drown found Plaintiff guilty of violating rules 101.10 (soliciting a sexual act) and 107.11 (harassment), and imposed a penalty of thirty (30) months in SHU with corresponding loss of privileges. Id. at ¶ 19. Plaintiff administratively appealed the decision, and the determination was reduced to fifteen (15) months in SHU with corresponding loss of privileges. Id. at ¶ 20. Thereafter, Plaintiff commenced an Article 78 proceeding in state supreme court challenging Defendant Drown's decision and the hearing procedures; both the hearing procedures and decision, as amended, were upheld. Id. at ¶¶ 22 & 27. Plaintiff filed the instant action on August 18, 2008. Dkt. No. 1, Compl.


A. Standard of Review

Pursuant to FED. R. CIV. P. 56(c), summary judgment is appropriate only where "there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and . . . the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." The moving party bears the burden to demonstrate through "pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with [ ] affidavits, if any," that there is no genuine issue of material fact. F.D.I.C. v. Giammettei, 34 F.3d 51, 54 (2d Cir. 1994) (citing Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986)).

To defeat a motion for summary judgment, the non-movant must "set forth specific facts showing [that there is] a genuine issue for trial," and cannot rest "merely on allegations or denials" of the facts submitted by the movant. FED. R. CIV. P. 56(e); see also Scott v. Coughlin, 344 F.3d 282, 287 (2d Cir. 2003) ("Conclusory allegations or denials are ordinarily not sufficient to defeat a motion for summary judgment when the moving party has set out a documentary case."); Rexnord Holdings, Inc. v. Bidermann, 21 F.3d 522, 525-26 (2d Cir. 1994). When considering a motion for summary judgment, the court must resolve all ambiguities and draw all reasonable inferences in favor of the non-movant. Nora Beverages, Inc. v. Perrier Group of Am., Inc., 164 F.3d 736, 742 (2d Cir. 1998). "[T]he trial court's task at the summary judgment motion stage of the litigation is carefully limited to discerning whether there are any genuine issues of material fact to be tried, not to deciding them. Its duty, in short, is confined at this point to issue-finding; it does not extend to issue-resolution." Gallo v. Prudential Residential Servs., Ltd. P'ship, 22 F.3d 1219, 1224 (2d Cir. 1994). Furthermore, where a party is proceeding pro se, the court must "read [his or her] supporting papers liberally, and . . . interpret them to raise the strongest arguments that they suggest." Burgos v. Hopkins, 14 F.3d 787, 790 (2d Cir. 1994), accord, Soto v. Walker, 44 F.3d 169, 173 (2d Cir. 1995). Nonetheless, mere conclusory allegations, unsupported by the record, are insufficient to defeat a motion for summary judgment. See Carey v. Crescenzi, 923 F.2d 18, 21 (2d Cir. 1991).

When considering cross-motions for summary judgment, a court "must evaluate each party's motion on its own merits, taking care in each instance to draw all reasonable inferences against the party whose motion is under consideration." Hotel Employees & Rest. Employees Union, Local 100 of N.Y. v. City of N.Y. Dep't of Parks & Recreation, 311 F.3d 534, 543 (2d Cir. 2002) (quoting Heublein, Inc. v. United States, 996 F.2d 1455, 1461 (2d Cir. 1993)). "[N]either side is barred from asserting that there are issues of fact, sufficient to prevent the entry of judgment, as a matter of law, against it . . . [and] a district court is not required to grant judgment as a matter of law for one side or the other." Heublein, Inc. v. United States,996 F.2d at 1461.

B. Statute of Limitations

In § 1983 actions, the applicable statute of limitations is a state's "general or residual statute for personal injury actions." Pearl v. City of Long Beach, 296 F.3d 76, 79 (2d Cir. 2002). In New York, a three-year statute of limitations applies for personal injury actions, and thus to § 1983 actions as well. Id.; see also N.Y.C.P.L.R. § 214(5). "While state law supplies the statute of limitations for claims under § 1983, federal law determines when a federal claim accrues. The claim accrues ...

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