NEW YORK APPELLATE TERM OF THE SUPREME COURT, FIRST DEPARTMENT
August 31, 2010
239 EAST 115TH STREET HDFC, PETITIONER-LANDLORD-RESPONDENT,
AWE OLUNKUNLE, RESPONDENT-TENANT-APPELLANT.
Tenant, as limited by his briefs, appeals from 1) an order of the Civil Court of the City of New York, New York County (Thomas M. Fitzpatrick, J.), dated April 3, 2009, which denied tenant's motion to "reform" a so-ordered stipulation of settlement dated January 24, 2006, and 2) that portion of an order (same court and Judge), dated June ll, 2009, which denied tenant's motion to hold the landlord in civil contempt for failing to comply with a court order dated March 10, 2008.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the printed Miscellaneous Reports.
PRESENT: McKeon, P.J., Shulman, Hunter, Jr., JJ.
Order (Thomas M. Fitzpatrick, J.), dated April 3, 2009, reversed, without costs, determination vacated and matter remanded for a hearing in accordance herewith and a new determination of tenant's motion to "reform" the stipulation of settlement. Order (same Judge), dated June 11, 2009, affirmed, without costs.
Petitioner-landlord leased a two-bedroom apartment to respondent-tenant. Tenant's rent for that unit was $215 per month. In 2004, landlord commenced this nonpayment summary proceeding against tenant. On January 24, 2006, after extensive negotiations, the parties entered into a stipulation of settlement, which was so-ordered by the court, resolving the proceeding. Pursuant to the stipulation, tenant tendered arrears to landlord, and a final judgment and warrant of eviction which landlord had previously obtained against tenant were vacated. Additionally, paragraph four of the stipulation provided that: "It is mutually agreed that [tenant] may continue to occupy the subject premises until a 1 bedroom apartment becomes available. It is further agreed and understood the 1 bedroom apartment must be satisfactory to [tenant]. [Tenant] shall not unreasonably refuse to relocate to an available 1 bedroom apartment" (emphasis added). The next clause of the stipulation (paragraph five) stated that, "It is agreed that [tenant]'s rent in the subject premises shall be 30% of his income or $215 per month, whichever is higher. [Tenant]'s rent is currently $215 per month" (emphasis added). Critically, the stipulation did not define the phrase "subject premises." Therefore, it is unclear whether paragraph five served to confirm tenant's rent in the two-bedroom unit he occupied or established the rent he was to pay when he relocated to the one-bedroom unit.
Landlord ultimately offered a one-bedroom apartment as required under the stipulation; however, a dispute arose between the parties regarding the amount of rent tenant was to pay for the new unit. Landlord, asserting that paragraph five stated the rent for the two-bedroom unit tenant was already occupying, believed that the rent for the one-bedroom unit should be $887.23 per month. Tenant asserted that paragraph five dictated that the rent for the one-bedroom unit to which he would relocate would be $215 per month (or 30% of his income, whichever is higher).
Tenant moved to "reform" the stipulation to conform to his understanding of the terms of the stipulation, arguing that, due to mutual mistake, the stipulation did not reflect the actual settlement reached by the parties. Civil Court denied the motion, and denied tenant's subsequent motion to hold landlord in contempt for failing to relocate tenant to a one-bedroom apartment.
Although tenant denominated his motion as one to "reform" the stipulation, that relief is not available to tenant, since he does not seek to add terms inadvertently omitted from the stipulation or to excise terms inadvertently supplied to the document (see William P. Pahl Equip. Corp. v Kassis, 182 AD2d 22, 29 , lv dismissed in part and denied in part 80 NY2d 1005 ; Banks, New York Contract Law § 12:24 [West's NY Prac Series 2010]). Rather, in essence, tenant seeks to have an ambiguity in the stipulation resolved in his favor and to enforce the stipulation accordingly. Each party offers a reasonable interpretation of the critical phrase "subject premises" in paragraph five of the stipulation -- tenant asserts that the phrase means the one-bedroom unit to which he was to relocate, while landlord urges that the phrase refers to the two-bedroom unit in which tenant then resided. Since the stipulation is, on its face, susceptible to more than one reasonable interpretation, it is ambiguous and a hearing is required to ascertain the intent of the parties regarding the meaning of the phrase "subject premises" in paragraph five (see generally Discovision Assoc. v Fuji Photo Film Co., 71 AD3d 488 ).
Civil Court correctly denied tenant's motion to hold landlord in contempt. Neither the stipulation nor a subsequent order of the court requiring landlord to relocate tenant in accordance with the stipulation expressed "a clear and unequivocal mandate" to landlord to relocate tenant to a one-bedroom apartment at a particular rent (see generally McCormick v Axelrod, 59 NY2d 574, 583 ; Chambers v Old Stone Hill Rd. Assoc., 66 AD3d 944, 946 ).
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE COURT.
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