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Buckingham v. Astrue

October 21, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: John T. Curtin United States District Judge

Plaintiff Denise F. Buckingham brought this action for judicial review of the determination of the Commissioner of Social Security (the "Commissioner") denying her application for Social Security Disability Insurance ("SSDI") benefits. On September 9, 2009, this court granted judgment in favor of plaintiff remanding her claim to the Commissioner for further proceedings, in accordance with sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (Items 15 & 16). Plaintiff's counsel Kenneth R. Hiller, Esq., then moved for attorney's fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) (see Item 17), and on December 22, 2009, the court approved a stipulation of counsel for the parties directing the Commissioner to pay Mr. Hiller the amount of $5,142.53 for attorney's fees and expenses, plus $350.00 in costs (Items 19 & 20).

On March 15, 2010, Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") Eric Glazer issued a fully favorable decision upon remand finding that plaintiff was disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act during the period from December 8, 2003, through April 22, 2006*fn1 (Item 21, Ex. 1). Based on this decision, the Commissioner issued a Notice of Award on May 4, 2010, detailing how plaintiff's monthly disability benefits would be paid, and advising that the amount of $12,209.25, equaling twenty-five percent of the total award of past due benefits, was being withheld "in case we need to pay your lawyer" (Item 21, Ex. 2, p. 3).

On August 10, 2010, Mr. Hiller filed a motion pursuant to 42 U.S.C.§ 406(b)*fn2 seeking court approval for payment in the amount of $7,066.72, representing the difference of the total amount withheld by the Commissioner for attorney's fees ($12,209.25) less the amount previously received under the EAJA ($5,142.53) (see Item 21, Plaintiff's Memorandum of Law, p. 13). In support of this request, Mr. Hiller has submitted a declaration itemizing 30.7 hours spent in litigation-related activities at the district court level, and indicating that his ordinary hourly rate is $295.00 per hour (Item 21, Hiller Decl., pp. 4-5). Also attached is a copy of the contingent fee agreement signed by plaintiff on March 13, 2007, whereby plaintiff agreed to pay Mr. Hiller twenty-five percent of the past due benefits awarded in the event of a favorable decision (id., Ex. 3).

In response to the motion, the Commissioner does not challenge the reasonableness of the $7,066.72 amount requested; the number of hours spent by Mr. Hiller on the case; his non-contingent hourly rate; or the contingent fee agreement with plaintiff. However, the Commissioner does object to Mr. Hiller's motion to the extent it seeks to retain the $5,142.53 in fees previously paid to him under the EAJA. According to the Commissioner, agency records reflect that plaintiff's former counsel, Paul Pochepan, Esq., from the law firm of Jeffrey Freedman Attorneys at Law, has filed a petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 406(a) for $5,200 in fees incurred for representing plaintiff during the administrative proceedings which took place prior to Mr. Hiller's representation in this action. The Commissioner contends that, since fees approved on applications made under sections 406(a) and 406(b) are paid from the same fund of past-due benefits withheld, approval of Mr. Hiller's section 406(b) request without directing him to return the amount previously paid on his EAJA application would result in a fee award to Mr. Hiller of the entire twenty-five percent of past-due benefits allowed by statute, leaving nothing for payment of Mr. Pochepan's section 406(a) application (see Item 23).

Attached to the Commissioner's responding memorandum of law is a letter from plaintiff to ALJ Glazer, dated August 10, 2010, expressing her understanding that Mr. Hiller's present motion "is asking for the full amount of funds withheld from [her] past due benefits" and her concern that the fee requests by both Mr. Hiller and Mr. Pochepan will cause her to pay attorney's fees beyond the $12,209.25 amount withheld (Item 23, Attachment 1). The letter also enclosed a copy of the "Disclosure" page of her fee agreement with Mr. Hiller's office which states in part:

I understand and agree that I will not be required to pay more than 25% of my past due benefits for attorneys fees. This sum will be divided by Jeffrey Freedman Attorneys at Law and the Law Offices of Kenneth Hiller. (Id.). This disclosure statement was not attached to the copy of the fee agreement submitted to the court by Mr. Hiller.

The court's review of these submissions reveals that the present application by Mr. Hiller seeks a total amount of $7,066.72 as a reasonable fee for his representation of plaintiff in federal court, not the entire $12,209.25 withheld by the Commissioner. The application recognizes that, where fee awards are made under both the EAJA and section 406(b) of the Social Security Act, the claimant's attorney must ordinarily refund to the claimant the amount of the smaller fee. See Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 796 (2002). The application also adequately addresses the concerns expressed by plaintiff (and echoed by counsel for the Commissioner) regarding the exhaustion of the fund of withheld benefits to pay Mr. Hiller's fee without accounting for the likelihood of Mr. Pochepan's entitlement to fees for his representation of plaintiff in the prior administrative proceedings. As stated by Mr. Hiller in support of his application:

[I]f the full amount withheld were to be sent to [Mr. Hiller], a refund of the EAJA fees would, in effect, be a refund of withheld funds which Mr. Pochepan may have an entitlement to.

As a result, [Mr. Hiller] applied for a net fee of $7,066.72, which would be $12,209.25 less the $5,142.53 previously received in EAJA fees. Approval of the amount sought will result in [Mr. Hiller] receiving exactly what he would normally receive had the usual stipulation been entered into. However, it also ensures that any fees Mr. Pochepan might be entitled to are withheld from the past due benefits as well. (Item 21, Memorandum of Law, p. 13).

As this statement reflects, the present application is not the model of clarity, and the court can understand how it might have engendered confusion on the part of both the claimant and counsel for the Commissioner. It appears that much of this problem -- and perhaps the need for court involvement -- could have been avoided through the preferred means of ordinary communication between counsel. Nonetheless, the court's full review of the parties' submissions on this motion reveals that the application satisfies the requirements for approval of fee requests made under section 406(b), as discussed in the pertinent case law.

In Gisbrecht, the Supreme Court reviewed the various statutory avenues for attorneys who represent successful social security claimants to recover fees. As explained by the Court, the Social Security Act "deals with the administrative and judicial review stages discretely: § 406(a) governs fees for representation in administrative proceedings; § 406(b) controls fees for representation in court." Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 794. Attorneys may also seek fees under the EAJA, which entitles a party prevailing in court against the United States to an award of reasonable attorney's fees, payable by the Government, "unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust." 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A).

Congress harmonized fees payable by the Government under EAJA with fees payable under § 406(b) out of the claimant's past-due Social Security benefits in this manner: Fee awards may be made under both prescriptions, but the claimant's attorney must "refun[d] to the claimant the amount of the smaller fee."

Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 796 (quoting Act of Aug. 5, 1985, Pub.L. 99-80, § 3, 99 Stat. 186).

Gisbrecht went on to hold that the statutory scheme envisioned by section 406(b) does not invalidate or displace contingent fee agreements made within the statutory ceiling of twenty-five percent of past due benefits, but rather "instructs courts to review for reasonableness fees yielded by those agreements." Id. at 808-09. In conducting this review, the court should give deference to the "freely negotiated expression both of a claimant's willingness to pay more than a particular hourly rate . . . and of an attorney's willingness to take the case despite the risk of nonpayment . . . ," Wells v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 367, 371 (2d Cir.1990), while balancing "the interest in protecting claimants from inordinately large fees against the interest in ensuring that attorneys are adequately compensated so that they continue to represent clients in disability benefits cases." Joslyn v. Barnhart, 389 F. Supp. 2d 454, 456 (W.D.N.Y. 2005) (citing Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 805). Upon review Mr. Hiller's application in light of these considerations, the court finds that the amount of $7,066.72 is warranted as a reasonable attorney's fee under the circumstances of his successful representation of plaintiff in this action. Significantly, the Commissioner does not directly challenge the reasonableness of the amount requested, or the reasonableness of the fee agreement itself, and the court has already addressed the concerns expressed regarding the effect approval of the request might have on Mr. Pochepan's section 406(a) petition. In addition, the court is satisfied that the fee requested by Mr. Hiller is in line with the "character of the representation and the results the representative achieved." Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808. Likewise, ...

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